WASHINGTON (AP) _ The White House Thursday announced the resignation of Kenneth T. Cribb as domestic policy adviser to President Reagan and said he would be succeeded by former aide Danny Crippen.

Cribb, a onetime White House associate of then-presidential counselor Edwin Meese III, went to the Justice Department to serve as chief of staff to Meese when Meese became attorney general in early 1985.

Cribb, 40, returned to the White House last year and had served as an adviser on a broad range of domestic policy, particularly the selection of candidates for the federal judiciary, since that time.

Reagan was to attend a private going-away party for Cribb later Thursday in the Roosevelt Room.

At the daily White House news briefing, presidential spokesman Marlin Fitzwater called Cribb a valuable adviser and said he had operated in the White House as ''a liaison to the conservative community.''

Crippen had resigned his White House position as a deputy assistant to the president on July 31, and had been doing private consulting work since then, Fitzwater said.

Crippen, 36, worked on economic, trade policy and related issues during his earlier White House stint. As Cribb's replacement, he will address a broader range of domestic policy issues.

From 1985-87, Crippen was executive director of the Merrill Lynch Advisory Council and had served as an economics adviser and chief counsel to then-Sen. Howard H. Baker Jr., when Baker was the Republican leader in the Senate from 1981-84.