Friday, May 22
Today is Friday, May 22, the 142nd day of 2015 There are 223 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1693 - French again destroy Heidelberg, Germany, and ravage the Rhineland.
1761 - The first life insurance policy in the United States is issued, in Philadelphia.
1819 - The American steamboat Savannah makes its first trans-Atlantic crossing.
1833 - A new constitution in Chile gives greater power to the president and establishes Roman Catholicism as state religion.
1822 - United States and Korea sign treaty of peace and friendship.
1840 - Transportation of British convicts to New South Wales, Australia, officially ends.
1867 - Canada becomes the first dominion of the British Empire, gaining a parliament, cabinet and large measure of independence.
1868 - The Great Train Robbery takes place near Marshfield, Indiana, as seven members of the Reno gang make off with $96,000 in cash, gold and bonds.
1914 - Britain acquires control of oil properties in Gulf from Anglo-Persian Oil Company.
1939 - Germany’s Adolf Hitler and Italy’s Benito Mussolini sign “Pact of Steel,” a 10-year political and military alliance.
1969 - The lunar module of Apollo 10 separates from the command module and flies to within 14 kilometers (nine miles) of the moon’s surface in a dress rehearsal for the first lunar landing.
1972 - Richard Nixon becomes the first U.S. president to visit Russia, where he signs a pact with Leonid Brezhnev to reduce the risk of military confrontation; the island nation of Ceylon becomes the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka with the adoption of a new constitution.
1975 - White-ruled African nation of Rhodesia, now known as Zimbabwe, is expelled from Olympics because of its racial policies.
1985 - A car bomb explodes in a Beirut suburb, killing 60 people and wounding 190 others.
1989 - India successfully test fires its first medium-range surface-to-surface missile.
1990 - After years of conflict, pro-Western North Yemen and pro-Soviet South Yemen merge to form the Republic of Yemen.
1992 - The United States slaps political and diplomatic sanctions against Serbia for perpetuating a “humanitarian nightmare” in the Balkans.
1994 - Tutsi rebels capture international airport in Rwanda’s capital and overrun military base nearby.
1995 - Half a million Poles turn out to catch a glimpse of their native son Pope John Paul II during his 10-hour visit in southern Poland.
1996 - American and French planes carry foreigners out of Bangui, Central African Republic, as President Ange-Felix Patasse rejects army mutineers’ demands that he resign.
1998 - Voters in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland vote overwhelmingly for a peace agreement to end 20 years of sectarian strife.
2006 - U.S. warplanes hunting Taliban fighters bomb a religious school and mud-brick homes in southern Afghanistan, killing dozens of suspected militants and 17 civilians in one of the deadliest strikes since the American-led invasion in 2001.
2007 - People flood out of a besieged Palestinian refugee camp, waving white flags and telling of bodies lying in the streets and inside wrecked houses after three days of fighting between Lebanese troops and Islamic militants.
2011 - Armed supporters of Yemen’s leader trap U.S., European and Arab ambassadors at a diplomatic mission in new turmoil that sweeps across the capital as the president refuses to sign an agreement calling for him to step down in 30 days.
2012 - Opening a new, entrepreneurial era in spaceflight, a ship built by a billionaire businessman speeds toward the International Space Station with a load of groceries and other supplies after a spectacular middle-of-the-night blastoff.
2013 - Two men with butcher knives hack another man to death near a military barracks in London before police wound them in a shootout in what authorities say appears to be an act of terrorism.
2014 - Pro-Russian insurgents attack a military checkpoint in eastern Ukraine , killing 16 soldiers in the deadliest raid yet on the nation’s soldiers.
Richard Wagner, German composer (1813-1883); Mary Cassatt, U.S. Impressionist painter (1844-1926); Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, English author (1859-1930); Daniel F. Malan, South African statesman, instituted apartheid (1874-1959); Sir Laurence Olivier, English actor (1907-1989); Bernard Shaw, U.S. journalist (1940--); Naomi Campbell, British model (1970--); Bernie Taupin, songwriter (1950--).
Thought For Today:
You can tell the ideals of a nation by its advertisements — Norman Douglas, British author (1868-1952).