Russia and Ukraine Tension Escalates; Take Brexit Plan or Start from Scratch; Matthew Hedges is Now Back to London; Verdict for Paul
<Show: CNN NEWSROOM>
<Date: November 27, 2018>
<Head: Russia and Ukraine Tension Escalates; Take Brexit Plan or Start
from Scratch; Matthew Hedges is Now Back to London; Verdict for Paul
Manafort Soon to be Heard; Macron Faces Angered Constituents Over Fuel
Price; CNN poll 34 percent Europeans say the know just a little or
have never heard of the holocaust, 24 percent of respondents in France
say Jewish people have too much influence over global finance, 16
percent of respondents in Germany say anti-Semitism is a response to
the everyday behavior of Jewish people; Parliament to vote on Brexit
deal December 11; Insight spacecraft lands on Mars; Insight will study
the interior of Mars. Aired 3-4a ET - Part 2>
<Sect: News; International>
FOSTER: Angela Merkel, defined really by the war and being brought up on the other side of the wall, the eastern side of the wall at least. Do you feel that she is doing enough to address this issue or is aware of it enough to address her?
REICHELT: Well, there’s a lot of talk about addressing the issue. But from my perspective, there’s not enough action. For example, we had a very prominent case here a few months ago where German (inaudible) flying out of Frankfurt airport is not a type of transport, people with Israel citizenship which in their laws basically means they’re not transporting Jews.
[03:35:00] The German court supported that. And German court said it is not right to take Israelis on the plane. The German government, you know, these kind of cases where the German government should step in and they’ve been talking about it for months and they have called it outrageous and unacceptable. But the truth is they’ve exact these kind of incidents and haven’t done much about it. So, on a bigger level, where they could do something and they could come up with new laws, making this kind of outrageous court rulings (inaudible). They haven’ really done anything. So, you know, that is the street level where you see all kinds of violence, right-wing motivated and left wing motivated. Islam is modulated. Wherever the German government could really do something, so I think Angela Merkel -- you know, could do a lot when it comes to anti-Semitism in Germany.
FOSTER: Also, as senior member, the media, I’ll ask you about another element of this, they built one of the main newspapers in Europe. One element of the survey said one in five said that Jews have too much interest in the media and the same believe they have too much influence in politics. Do you think that is a fair accusation or where does that come from?
REICHELT: It is not a fair accusation. It is a classic stereotype of anti-Semitism that I’m confronted with on almost a daily basis. When I go on Twitter, you know, people’s comments, I should say anti- Semites comment almost on a daily basis and build this control by Jews, bringing control. This is something we’re confronted with every day. Obviously anti-Semitism stereotype and hasn’t gone away for decades or centuries. And do something with education, it tells you that is nothing done enough on an educational level. Educating kids about these kind of stereotypes and where they come from. A few weeks ago when an Israeli artist won the Euro vision contest, there was a very ugly cartoon in the German newspaper that -- that showed Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu with classic anti-Semite stereotypes, you know, big nose and big ears and a missile in his hand and its said next year in Jerusalem there was a classic anti-Semite stereotype just for Israel, winning the euro vision contest and what was even more outrageous, you know, the control board for the German media said, well this cartoon was anti-Semitic.
There’s many concerning incidents, not only on the streets and the crime and the street violence level. More on a social level where there still is not enough sensitivity for what anti-Semitism really is or you know, one would be more concerning where you know, people wouldn’t care about anti-Semitism and just look the other way.
FOSTER: OK. Julian Reichelt, thank you very much indeed for looking into that for us. Our week-long look to anti-Semitism in Europe turns to Germany on Wednesday. Clarissa Ward takes us to right-wing extremist March on the streets of Berlin.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
CLARISSA WARD, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Christian Wiesberger explains that neo-Nazis are finding new ways to express the same hold hatred. And he should know, Wiesberger used to be a right-wing extremist himself.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I would say it is a form of anti-Semitism that describes itself. They don’t talk about the Jew anymore. They talk about the Zionist or the globalists or the bankers.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
FOSTER: Clarissa also meets with members of the Jewish community, she will be questioning their future in Germany. Join us for the next report on our exclusive series “A shadow over Europe, anti-Semitism in 2018,” Wednesday on CNN. You could can find out more about anti- Semitism in Europe and the stunning results of the CNN poll on our website. Go to CNN.com/anti-Semitism.
Well, the rise of anti-Semitism is not unique to Europe. Anti-Semitic instance and hate crime to searching in the U.S. as well.
The FBI says the increase in both 2016 and 2017. CNN Sara Sidner report on the state of hate in America.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: I’m not just concerned about the rise of anti- Semitism was of hate in our country.
SARA SIDNER, CNN CORRESPONDENT: A quiet Saturday morning of prayer and reflection at Rabbi Jeffrey Myers synagogue in Pittsburgh. Savagely interrupted by gunfire. Anti-Semitism had blasted its way back into America’s consciousness. Barry was praying inside the tree of life synagogue when bullets started flying. He hid in a closet as the gunman mowed down 11 of his fellow worshipers. [03:40:07] What is it like being a survivor?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Sometimes I just feel dead inside. No feeling at all. I hate that feeling, but it is there.
SIDNER: How many of your friends have you had to bury?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Too many to count.
SIDNER: It was the deadliest anti-Semitic attack in American history, the personification of a rising state of hate in this country. The anti-defamation league said anti-Semitism in America was already exploding from neo-Nazi marches to more subtle propaganda. In 2017, the ADL logged nearly 2,000 anti-Semitic incident, a 57 percent spike in just one year.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: That is the single largest surge we’ve ever seen since we tracked the data.
SIDNER: The FBI which only counts hate crime which reported by police saw an astonishing 37 percent rise in anti-Semitic crimes. The police in Pittsburgh said the gunman’s anti-Semitic fervor was spelled out on social media.
One site in particular that attracts races and neo-Nazis because of it loose policies on free speech. Experts say those sites had become echo chambers that are getting louder and helping motivate real life attacks. The anger and misguided ideology of Neo-Nazi which has been herniating the dark corners of the internet now materializing on street corners and being scrolled across the American landscape.
Swastikas on the temple in Indiana, on a school in Colorado, on a school bus in Florida, on political signs in California and on street signs in Nevada. Words of hate on a temple in California.
What was spelled out here?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Exclusive, F-you, Jews and exclusive again in red spray paints.
SIDNER: And anti-Semitism expressed through bullet holes shot through a temple in Indiana. Cars were set ablaze at the Jewish cultural center in Tennessee and across the country posters are popping up on college campuses meant to instill Nazi ideals in young minds. Even the dead are targets. At 92 years old, Millard Bronstein knows the pain of loss.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This is a loss of my life.
SIDNER: But he is never personally experienced anti-Semitism until this year when 175 tombstones at a Jewish cemetery in Philadelphia were desecrated.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: My mother’s stone was knocked over it was really very upset. I said how could this happen in America today?
SIDNER: For the victims of anti-Semitism. The question is, why is it returned with such a vengeance?
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Anti-Semitism is nothing new. What is new is number one. The public conversation, the charged atmosphere incredibly polarized phenomenon in our society today.
SIDNER: Experts say Charlottesville, Virginia last year was a turning point. The moment the growing rising racism and anti-Semitism went public. Hundreds of white nationalist, neo-Nazis and Klansmen took to the streets protesting the decision to remove the confederate statue. It was one of several protests last year, but this was different. It began with a torch lit march on Friday night. That turned into a violent confrontation the next morning between white nationalist and counter protesters, in the end, police say a man with neo-Nazi ideals killed 32-year-old Heather Heyer. Those who monitor neo-Nazis say the aftermath may have encouraged the movement.
DONALD TRUMP, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: But you also had people that were very fine people on both sides.
SIDNER: Especially because the president’s lack of a complete condemnation of what happened was cheered by white nationalist.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Show me a good neo-Nazi and show me a good Ku Klux Klan men. I mean, it is just isn’t there, instead of saying what is wrong on both sides? How were we wrong? What were we doing wrong? Except praying that can’t be wrong.
SIDNER: Barry Warbler like that kind of thinking to Hitler-ism. He is well aware of the torture that regime bedded out on a family member.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: He was used by the German scientists for experiments they had literally cut the muscles out of his arms to see if they would regrow and he have to live with that. Thank god I never had to go through that.
[03:45:00] SIDNER: Jews have a saying about the holocaust, never again after what he is been through. Warbler, is terrified it really could happen again. Sara Sidner, CNN, Pittsburg.
FOSTER: That just Theresa May’s toughest challenge yet. The British Prime Minister struggle to convince parliament to support her Brexit deal.
FOSTER: British Prime Ministers heading out on the road to rally support for her Brexit plan. Theresa May has about two weeks to do that both in parliament set for December 11th. She urge lawmakers to pass agreement, all face having to rebuild the exit from the European Union from scratch.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP) THERESA MAY, PRIME MINISTER, BRITISH: And I can to the house with absolute certainty that there is not a better deal available. There is a choice in which this house will have to make. We can back this deal, deliver on the vote of the referendum on move on to building a brighter future of opportunity and prosperity for all our people. Or this house can choose to reject this deal and go back to square one.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
FOSTER: Meanwhile U.S. president Donald Trump suggesting that Brexit plan could make trade between the U.S. and Britain more difficult. But the Prime Minister’s spokeswoman said the language in the deal was very clear that he will have to make independent trade deals. Nina Dos Santos is going to explain that one. Are we confused?
NINA DOS SANTOS, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Well, I think a lot of M.P.’s are confusing the U.K. which is why it is looking increasingly unlikely that Theresa May is going to manage the rally among her side. Having said that, though we now have the date of the so called meaningful vote in the House of parliament, it comes on December 11th. So with enough time for them to try and push, push, push, push, push, before the December recess on December the 20th for the House of Parliament, but yes, as U.S. was saying before that the real problem here is that the language is too binding for some special with regards with the withdrawal agreement that very detailed civil divorce settlement Max, and this Tuesday for others as well, and that allows people like Donald Trump for instance to say I’ve interpreted it one way and the way that he has interpreted it could be extremely economically fearful for the U.K. because he is essentially suggesting notice that in the future the U.K. and U.S. condo trade deals out world the U.K. still beholden to the E.U. for its transition period.
[03:50:00] He is also, saying perhaps they couldn’t trade it all during that period. Downing Street says he is wrong as you said before that, he is misinterpreted this that it is clear that the U.K. will be able to focus on trade deals going forward.
FOSTER: In a long term.
DOS SANTOS: In a long term, but there are a lot of M.P.’s that Theresa May’s own party unclear about this and believe that this withdrawal deal as it stands and then of course of the political declaration doesn’t give the U.K. the ability to strike out on its own force trade deals with other countries. That is the whole reason that Brexit was supposed to be taking place.
FOSTER: What Donald Trump was saying there, you know, he didn’t necessarily have as much respect in the United Kingdom as he does from parts of America. But it could be very damaging, because as she goes up to try to convince people that this is a good deal, that there might be not be a U.S. trade deal is something that they understand and worried about.
DOS SANTOS: The world does have respect for the fact that America is the most successful capitalist system. It is the biggest economy in the world and it is home to the most important reserve currency in the world. Remember that the U.K. is not part of the Eurozone so they don’t have to extricate itself. It does have one of the biggest trading blocs. They need to find a way to make up the difference and so that is why obviously Donald Trump’s statement is particular worrying for business leaders. Now Theresa May as you said in your introduction, Max, is on the road selling this dealing, yet again to the British people. She is going to try to sell it to the opposition Party and also to the rebels within her own Party.
It is estimated there are about 90 who already spoke out against her. Even the members of the cabinet still standing on the fence. Her restructure, reshuffled cabinet standing on the fence on these deal. She is going to be as you said before, going to Northern Ireland which is a key place to try to rally support, because she was depending on an organize party that the DUP make up the numbers in the House of Parliament they are hostile to this deal. She’ll be going to places like Wales as well, she is also be going to host receptions of business leaders to trying to get the business community on board.
As I said before, there are members of her cabinet and also briefing her own Party. Her own parties become alienated because she tried to brief the opposition party first, because she needs to make up the numbers. But it doesn’t look like any of the real stake holders are buying this except for the business community Max, because what they want overall is certainty even if it is not perfect.
FOSTER: Nina, thank you very much indeed. Meanwhile, a day on earth and on mars.
(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Touched down confirmed.
(END VIDEO CLIP)
FOSTER: Went well as you could see. About the daunting task of landing a spacecraft on mars and the knowledge we can expect from it.
FOSTER: After six months of travel and seven minutes of terror, and masters inside spacecraft has landed on Mars. The pro’s mission is to study the red planet’s interior. Michael Holmes, shows us insights incredible journey to get there and what we could expect to learn from it.
UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Touchdown confirmed.
(CHEERS) MICHAEL HOLMES, CNN NEWSROOM HOST: A huge cheer and a collective sigh of relief from NASA scientists who for six and half nail biting minutes didn’t know if their mission would end in triumph or failure.
[03:55:07] The robotic lander called insight successfully landed on Mars after battling through the atmosphere at a precise angle of 12 degrees and speeds of nearly 20,000 kilometers an hour. Insights got to work right away once on the ground, beaming back this first image of the view of the planet’s surface.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We actually have a little bit of science already thanks to our friends at Marco who sent down this first image. It is nice and dirty. Nice dirty image. So, we see -- we see the surface of Mars.
HOLMES: The moment was six months in the making. The time it took for the spacecraft to journey through space to Mars. Now with the drama passed the mission of Mars begins to uncover the secrets of the red planet that may be held beneath its surface.
UNIDENTIFIED MALE: We look at the crust of mars and that is a snapshot into the past of what the crust of the earth may have looked like four and half billion years ago before it got all busy.
HOLMES: Insight will attempt to find out how Mars evolved by monitoring seismic activity, including so called Mars quakes and meteor strikes as well. And it will also drill underground to glean more information about the origins of the planet’s rocky surface. Unlike its predecessor, the Curiosity Probe that landed in 2012, Insight won’t rove around the planet, but will stay put through to its name, looking downward and digging deep for answers about Mars. Michael Holmes, CNN.
FOSTER: Thanks for joining us. I’m Max Foster. The news continues with Kristi Lu Stout in Hong Kong, up next after this break. You’re watching CNN.
(Byline: Max Foster, Matthew Chance, Bianca Nobilo, Leyla Santiago, Julian Reichelt, Clarissa Ward, Nina Dos Santos, Michael Holmes)
(High: Freed Briton Calls His Released, Surreal; CNN Investigation reveals Startling Rise In Anti-Semitism; Anti-Semitic Hate Crimes Surge In United States; U.K.’s Messy Divorce; Marching To Mars; Tensions between Russia and Ukraine over the waters in Kerch Strait has now escalated with Ukraine declaring a martial law to areas bordering Russia and possibly adding more sanctions; a rising anti- Semitism in Europe shows going up in the latest CNN survey, while a growing number of new generation doesn’t have an idea or knew only a little about Holocaust; Prime Minister Theresa May begins her travel to Northern Ireland and Wales to gather support for her Brexit plan; people in the French capital are angry about the increasing fuel prices which was imposed by President Emmanuel Macron’s government; British student Matthew Hedges who was recently pardoned by UAE for espionage is now back in London with his family; some migrants who were trying to cross the U.S.-Mexico border inhaled tear gas from border patrol agents and women and children were among those who inhaled it, but President Trump denies it despite video that proves it did occur; special counsel Robert Mueller’s team has said that President Trump’s former campaign chairman Paul Manafort has breached his plea agreement by lying to the FBI and to the counsel’s office)
(Spec: Government; Violence; Race; Holocaust; Commodities; Energy; Immigration; Protests; Trials; Politics; CNN Polls; Anti-Semitism; Anti-Semitic; Hate Crimes; U.K.’s Messy Divorce; Brexit; Insight; Mars; Holocaust; Jews; Parliament)