Tuesday, April 14
Today is Tuesday, April 14, the 104th day of 2015. There are 261 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1629 - Peace of Susa ends war between England and France.
1775 - The first American society for the abolition of slavery is organized by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush.
1828 - The first edition of Noah Webster’s “American Dictionary of the English Language” is published.
1834 - Republican uprising in France is crushed by army under Adolphe Thiers.
1849 - Hungarians proclaim independence from Hapsburg empire with Lajos Kossuth as Governor-President. The rebellion is put down by Russian troops in August.
1865 - U.S. President Abraham Lincoln is shot by actor John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater in Washington, D.C., and dies the following morning.
1890 - Delegates to Washington Conference of American States create what is to become the Pan-American Union; that North, South and Central America are all American nations.
1912 - The British liner Titanic collides with an iceberg in the North Atlantic and begins sinking.
1931 - King Alfonso XIII of Spain flees after Republicans win elections, and Alcala Zamora becomes president of provisional government.
1939 - John Steinbeck’s novel “The Grapes of Wrath” is published.
1945 - U.S. bombers pound Tokyo and Japan’s Imperial Palace in World War II.
1956 - Ampex Corp. demonstrates its first commercial videotape recorder.
1970 - U.S. Apollo 13 spacecraft heads back to Earth after moon mission that was aborted because of mechanical problems.
1981 - Columbia, America’s first operational space shuttle, lands at Edwards Air Force Base in California after its first test flight.
1988 - Soviet Union signs accord to end its intervention in Afghanistan and to allow Red Army to start troop withdrawal.
1990 - Lithuanian President Vytautas Landsbergis says Lithuania will not revoke its declaration of independence, despite Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev’s threat of an economic embargo.
1994 - Two U.S. fighter planes shoot down two U.S. helicopters in northern Iraq, killing all 26 on board.
1995 - The U.N. Security Council votes to ease sanctions on Iraq, giving it easier terms in trading oil for food.
1996 - Israeli aircraft bombard guerrilla strongholds in Beirut and southern Lebanon, doubling the tide of refugees to 400,000 and provoking guerrilla vows to turn northern Israel into a “fiery hell.”
1997 - Hundreds of Iranian students clash with government troops outside the German Embassy in the first violence since a Berlin court blamed Iran for a 1992 assassination.
1998 - The Irish government frees nine Irish Republican Army prisoners from a top-security prison in the hope of promoting the Northern Ireland peace accord.
1999 - NATO mistakenly bombs a refugee convoy heading out of Kosovo, killing 75 civilians according to Yugoslav sources.
2000 - After years of delay, Russian lawmakers approve the START II treaty to scrap thousands of U.S. and Russian nuclear warheads, clearing the way for further arms reductions.
2003 - Indonesian prosecutors indict Abu Bakar Bashir, a 64-year-old radical Islamic cleric, on charges of treason for allegedly plotting to assassinate President Megawati Sukarnoputri and overthrow the government.
2005 - Afghan farmers challenge President Hamid Karzai’s plans to destroy the world’s largest narcotics industry, vowing to protect their opium crops from an eradication campaign led by U.S.-trained drug police.
2008 - Media billionaire Silvio Berlusconi wins a decisive victory in Italy’s parliamentary election, setting the colorful conservative and staunch U.S. ally on course to his third stint as premier.
2010 - The head of the World Bank says it is time to stop using the term “Third World” to refer to developing countries and recognize they are an essential part of a new, fast evolving international economy.
2011 — Libyan President Moammar Gadhafi rolls defiantly through the streets of Tripoli, pumping his fists as he pokes through the sun roof of an SUV — the same day that NATO airstrikes shake the city.
2013 — Indonesian investigators begin working to determine what caused a new Lion Air passenger jet to miss a runway while landing on the resort island of Bali, crashing into the sea without causing any fatalities among the 108 on board.
2014 — Suspected Islamic militants strike in the heart of Nigeria with a massive rush-hour bomb blast at a bus station that kills at least 72 people and wounds 164 in the deadliest attack ever on the nation’s capital of Abuja.
Christian Huygens, Dutch mathematician-scientist (1629-1695); John Gielgud, English actor (1904-2000); Rod Steiger, U.S. actor (1925-2002); Loretta Lynn, U.S. country singer (1935--); Julie Christie, British actress (1940--); Brad Garrett, U.S. actor (1960--); Sarah Michelle Gellar, U.S. actress (1977--); Adrien Brody, U.S. actor (1973--); Anthony Michael Hall, U.S. actor (1968--).
Thought For Today:
If the end brings me out all right, what is said against me won’t amount to anything. If the end brings me out wrong, 10 angels swearing I was right would make no difference — Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865).