Saturday, August 30
Today is Saturday, August 30, the 242nd day of 2014. There are 123 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
30 B.C. - Cleopatra of Egypt commits suicide by letting an asp bite her.
1526 - Suleiman I, Sultan of Turkey, defeats Hungarian army at battle of Mohacs, at which Louis II of Hungary is killed.
1528 - French Army capitulates at Aversa and subsequently is expelled from Naples and Genoa in Italy.
1645 - Dutch make treaty of peace with Native Americans at New Amsterdam, New York.
1914 - German forces take Amiens in France during World War I.
1916 - Turkey declares war on Russia; Paul von Hindenburg is named German chief of general staff.
1928 - Independence of India League is formed in India.
1944 - Russian forces enter Bucharest, Romania, in World War II.
1945 - Britain re-establishes its governance of Hong Kong, ending three years and seven months of Japanese occupation.
1951 - United States and the Philippines sign mutual defense pact.
1957 - All-African Federal Executive Council is formed in Nigeria.
1960 - East Germany imposes partial blockade of West Berlin.
1963 - A hotline is established between Moscow and Washington, D.C.
1967 - Thurgood Marshall becomes the first black American appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court.
1972 - U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reports that the five-megaton underground nuclear explosion at Amchitka Island in the Aleutians in November caused 22 minor earthquakes and hundreds of aftershocks over three months.
1979 - Hurricane David devastates island nation of Dominica as it rampages through the Caribbean and U.S. eastern seaboard, claiming 1,000 lives.
1980 - Polish workers win strike led by Lech Walesa and Poland becomes the first Eastern Bloc country to recognize independent trade unions.
1981 - Iran’s president and prime minister are killed when bomb explodes in government offices in Tehran.
1983 - Guion S. Bluford Jr. becomes the first black American astronaut to travel in space, blasting off aboard the Challenger.
1991 - Soviet republic of Azerbaijan declares independence and begins forming its own army.
1993 - Robert Malval, ally of exiled Haitian President Jean-Bertrand Aristide, is installed as prime minister.
1994 - Russia officially ends a half-century of military presence in former East Germany and the Baltics.
1995 - Sharply raising the stakes in the Bosnian war, Western allies pound the Bosnian Serbs with artillery and air attacks in hopes of forcing them to make peace.
1997 - Britain’s Princess Diana, her boyfriend Emad Mohammed al-Fayed, the Harrod’s heir, and driver Henri Paul die in a car crash in Paris after being chased by photographers.
1998 - Troops allied with the government of Congo capture the strategic port town of Matadi from rebel forces trying to oust President Laurent Kabila.
1999 - Residents of East Timor vote for independence from Indonesia in a U.N.-sponsored ballot.
2000 - A German court convicts three neo-Nazis of beating an African immigrant to death. Strict sentences that follow are an attempt to end recent attacks on foreigners in Germany.
2001 - More than 430 refugees rescued from a sinking ferry, most of them Afghans, languish on a Norwegian cargo ship as Australia refuses them entry.
2002 - Kenyan President Daniel arap Moi fires his vice president, George Saitoti, in an apparent effort to quash dissent in his ruling Kenya African National Union (KANU) party.
2003 - Negotiators at a meeting of the World Trade Organization in Geneva reach an agreement that would allow poor countries with severe epidemics of infectious diseases such as AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria to import generic drugs designed to fight them.
2004 - The European Union makes a solemn appeal for the release of two French journalists held hostage in Iraq by gunmen demanding France overturn a ban on Islamic head scarves in public schools.
2005 - The United Nations names four pro-Syrian generals and a former legislator as suspects in the assassination of former Prime Minister Rafik Hariri — the first major break in a crime that transformed Lebanon.
2006 - Israel rejects demands from visiting U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan that it immediately lift its sea and air blockade of Lebanon and withdraw its forces once 5,000 international troops are deployed.
2007 - Taliban militants release the final seven of the original 23 South Korean captives they had been holding, bringing an end to a six-week hostage drama. The militants had killed two male hostages, released two women in early August and freed 12 on Aug. 29.
2008 - Gustav howls into Cuba’s Isla de Juventud as a monstrous Category 4 hurricane, while both Cubans and Americans scramble to flee the path of the storm, which has already killed 81 people.
2009 - Japan’s opposition sweeps to a historic victory in elections, crushing the ruling conservative party that has run the country for most of the postwar era and assuming the daunting task of pulling the economy out of its worst slump since World War II.
2010 - An enormous drill begins preliminary work on carving a half-mile (nearly a kilometer) chimney through solid rock to free the 33 men trapped in a Chilean mine, their ordeal now having equaled the longest known survival in an underground disaster.
2011 - Libyan rebels say they are closing in on Moammar Gadhafi and issue an ultimatum to regime loyalists in the fugitive dictator’s hometown of Sirte, his main remaining bastion: surrender this weekend or face an attack.
2012 - U.N. nuclear agency says Iran has effectively shut down a probe of a site suspected of being used for work on nuclear weapons development, while doubling the number of machines it could use to make the core of nuclear warheads at an underground bunker safe form airborne attack.
2013 - North Korea rescinds its invitation for a senior U.S. envoy to travel to Pyongyang to seek the release of a detained American, abruptly dimming hopes for improved relations already strained by the North’s nuclear program.
Jacques-Louis David, French painter (1748-1825); Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, English author (1797-1851); Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand scientist and Nobel laureate (1871-1937); Shirley Booth, U.S. actress (1898-1992); John Gunther, U.S. journalist/author (1901-1970); Fred MacMurray, U.S. actor (1908-1991); Cameron Diaz, U.S. actress (1972--); Lisa Ling, U.S. TV personality (1973--)
Thought for Today:
Whom the gods wish to destroy they first call promising — Cyril Connolly, British journalist-writer (1903-1974).