Wednesday, May 13
Today is Wednesday, May 13, the 133rd day of 2015. There are 232 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1779 - France abandons Goree, West Africa, to Britain.
1809 - French army under Napoleon Bonaparte takes Vienna.
1871 - Law of Guarantees in Italy declares pope’s person inviolable and allows him possession of the Vatican.
1888 - Serfdom is abolished in Brazil.
1917 - Three peasant children near Fatima, Portugal, report seeing a vision of the Virgin Mary.
1940 - In his first speech as prime minister of Britain, Winston Churchill tells the House of Commons, “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat.”
1962 - Gunman tries to assassinate Indonesia’s President Sukarno, who escapes unhurt.
1968 - Peace negotiations open in Paris between United States and North Vietnam.
1969 - More than 100 people are reported killed in race riots in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
1970 - Israel attacks Lebanon to try to wipe out guerrilla bases.
1973 - Nineteen nations begin talks in Vienna aimed at cutting number of troops in Europe.
1981 - Pope John Paul II is shot and seriously wounded in Rome by Mehmet Ali Agca, a Turk. Eastern European intelligence agencies are suspected to be behind the attack on the Polish-born pontiff.
1988 - Israeli riot police storm sacred Temple Mount complex in Jerusalem and fire rubber bullets at Muslim worshippers.
1991 - South African judge convicts Winnie Mandela of kidnapping four young men and being an accessory in their beating.
1994 - Israeli troops leave Jericho after 27 years, giving the Palestinian Authority control over its first West Bank town.
1995 - Angry crowds burn schools, government buildings and Hindu temples in the Himalayan state of Kashmir in apparent retaliation for the destruction of a 15th-century Muslim shrine.
1998 - Riots break out in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta after students were killed by police the previous day.
2000 - The Vatican ends an enduring mystery, saying the third secret of Fatima — the Virgin Mary is said to have told three children in 1917 — was a foretelling of the shooting of Pope John Paul II in 1981.
2002 - The United States and Russia announce they have reached agreement on a pact committing both countries to cut their arsenal of nuclear weapons by two-thirds over the next 10 years.
2005 - Soldiers loyal to Uzbekistan’s authoritarian leader open fire on thousands of demonstrators to put down an uprising. Witnesses say that more than 700 people, most of them peaceful demonstrators, were killed by the troops.
2007 - The Taliban’s most prominent military commander, Mullah Dadullah, is killed in a U.S.-led military operation in southern Afghanistan.
2008 - Bombs rip through crowded parts of Jaipur in western India, killing 60 people and wounding 150.
2009 - European Union fines Intel, world’s largest chip maker, a record $1.45 billion for using strong-arm sales tactics.
2010 - A rogue army general working with anti-government protesters is shot in the head while talking to reporters in downtown Bangkok, triggering more clashes that leave one demonstrator dead and worsen Thailand’s political chaos.
2011 — A double Taliban suicide attack that killed 66 paramilitary police recruits represents the deadliest terrorist strike in Pakistan since the killing of Osama bin Laden. It sends a strong signal that militants mean to fight on and try to avenge the al-Qaida leader.
2013 — Several of the biggest Western retailers embrace a plan that would require them to pay for factory improvements in Bangladesh after a factory collapse killed 1,127 people.
2014 — Google and other search engines are thrust into an unwanted new role — caretaker of people’s reputations— when Europe’s highest court rules that individuals should have some say over when information comes up when their names are googled.
Pius IX, Italian pope (1792-1878); Sir Arthur Sullivan, English composer (1842-1900); Dame Daphne du Maurier, English novelist/playwright (1907-1989); Joe Louis, U.S. former heavyweight boxing champion (1914-1981); Bea Arthur, U.S. actress (1922-2009); Stevie Wonder, U.S. pop singer (1950--); Kim Fields, U.S. actress (1969--); Stephen Colbert, U.S. comedian (1964--); Samantha Morton, British actress (1977--).
Thought For Today:
A nation is a society united by a delusion about its ancestry and by a common hatred of its neighbors — William Ralph Inge, English religious leader and author (1860-1954).