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Bosnia, Others Ask For End to Arms Embargo Against Muslims With AM-Yugoslavia, Bjt

April 20, 1993

UNITED NATIONS (AP) _ Nonaligned nations circulated a draft resolution Monday to permit military intervention in Bosnia and lift an arms embargo against the country’s outgunned Muslims.

In speeches to the 15-member council, meanwhile, Bosnia, Turkey, Iran, Indonesia and other nations urged the council to end the embargo against the Muslim-dominated Bosnian government but retain it against Serbs and Croats.

Two days after the council imposed harsher sanctions on Yugoslavia, composed of Serbia and Montenegro, the speakers deplored what they said was a lack of will to end Serbian-backed aggression within Bosnia.

The United States is among the countries considering voting to end the arms embargo on Bosnia if Bosnian Serbs do not soon agree to sign a peace plan already accepted by Bosnian Muslims and Croats.

Venezuelan Ambassador Diego Arria, a council member and nonaligned spokesman, said the resolution formally would be introduced as early as Wednesday, after two days of discussion by U.N. members.

Along with Venezuela, the resolution was advanced by Pakistan, Morocco, Cape Verde and Djibouti.

Arria and said the draft resolution would permit arms shipments to the Sarajevo government, allow interdiction of Serbian supply lines and air strikes and make a call for U.N. control of Serbian heavy weapons.

″It would lift the arms embargo and allow air strikes - it’s an all- encompassing resolution,″ Arria told reporters Monday.

In separate speeches, Bosnia and other countries urged an end to the arms embargo against the Muslim-led government.

Bosnian Ambassador Muhammed Sacirbey said, ″The Security Council has failed to fulfill its responsibility to stop aggression and genocide.″

He said U.N. efforts in Bosnia were inadequate because they were not backed by force and likened U.N. actions to ″tourniquets and Bandaids.″

Croatia also sought a lifting of the arms embargo - for Croats.

Croatian Ambassador Mario Nobilo said the Croats needed more arms to protect themselves against Serb attacks. ″If the world is not ready to authorize military action, then at least let us defend our freedom and human dignity,″ he said.

Germany, too, appeared to favor lifting the embargo.

″The Serbian leadership unscrupulously has benefited from the fact that the arms embargo has continued to weaken still further the weakest party,″ Ambassador Detlev Graf zu Rantzau said, referring to the poorly armed Bosnian government.

Bosnia seceded from Yugoslavia in February 1992. Serbs fighting secession have seized about 70 percent of the country, seeking to create a ″Greater Serbia.″ More than 134,000 people have been killed or are missing.

Along with the nonaligned nations, the council includes five permanent members with veto power - the United States, Britain, China, France and Russia - and five other nonpermanent members: Brazil, Hungary, Japan, New Zealand and Spain.

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