BC-Today In History
Today is Monday, July 14, the 195th day of 2014. There are 170 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1536 - France signs Treaty of Lyons with Portugal for attack on Spain.
1544 - England’s King Henry VIII crosses to Calais to join Holy Roman Emperor Charles V in campaign against France’s King Francis I in Picardy.
1690 - Seven French privateers capture New England islands of Martha’s Vineyard, Nantucket and Block Island.
1789 - Citizens of Paris storm and capture the Bastille prison and release prisoners, marking start of French Revolution. Now the French national day.
1790 - France’s King Louis XVI accepts the revolutionary constitution.
1881 - William H. Bonney, known as “Billy the Kid” and the reputed killer of 27 men, is shot dead at age 21 by Sheriff Pat Garrett in New Mexico.
1886 - Britain and Germany agree on frontiers of Gold Coast and Togoland in Africa.
1900 - International expedition, including United States and Japan, takes Tientsin, now Tianjin, in China.
1933 - German political parties, other than Nazis, are suppressed, and a law is passed that provides for the sterilization of two million people deemed unfit for reproduction.
1934 - Oil pipeline between Mosul, Iraq, and Tripoli, Lebanon, is opened.
1958 - The army of Iraq overthrows the monarchy. Iraq’s King Feisal and Premier Nuri-Es-Said are assassinated in Baghdad coup, and King Hussein assumes power as head of Arab Federation.
1960 - The government in what is now Kinshasa, Congo, severs relations with Belgium.
1967 - U.N. General Assembly adopts resolution asking Israel to halt action it was taking to alter city of Jerusalem after Six-Day War.
1971 - Government troops in Jordan attempt to crush Palestinian guerrilla movement.
1988 - Iran, at the United Nations, accuses the United States of committing a “barbaric crime” in shooting down Iranian commercial airliner.
1991 - Chances for Middle East peace talks improve when Syria’s President Hafez Assad says he finds U.S. President George H.W. Bush’s proposals for such talks “acceptable.”
1992 - Navy helicopters and volunteers rescue 44 beached whales in Sydney, Australia.
1993 - Somali militiamen fire on U.N. headquarters in a new wave of assaults hours after Somali militants distribute leaflets calling for revenge attacks on American soldiers.
1994 - The U.N. Security Council urges the world to aid the estimated 250,000 Hutu refugees from Rwanda crushed into Goma, Zaire.
1995 - While the United Nations struggles to feed thousands of Muslims driven from Srebrenica, Bosnian Serbs order government forces and civilians to leave another eastern enclave.
1997 - Regional legislators elect K.R. Narayanan as India’s first president from an “untouchable” caste.
2000 - Harangued by European officials for its poor treatment of orphans and abandoned children, Romania promises to streamline its communist-era system and ensure that money reaches needy youngsters.
2001 - Leaders of India and Pakistan meet for the first time two years after the nations came close to fighting a war in the disputed Kashmir province, but talks fail, raising fears of more hostilities between the nuclear-armed neighbors.
2002 - A gunman with links to neo-Nazi groups fires one shot at French President Jacques Chirac as the president rides in an open jeep in the annual Bastille Day military parade in Paris.
2003 - The New York Times appoints former managing editor Bill Keller the newspaper’s new executive editor following the June 5th resignation of Howell Raines and his deputy, Gerald Boyd, in the aftermath of a journalistic fraud scandal involving reporter Jayson Blair.
2004 - The much-awaited report from an official British inquiry into pre-war intelligence on Iraq criticizes Prime Minister Tony Blair but finds no deliberate distortions.
2005 - A rocket fired from Gaza kills a young Israeli woman, hours after Israeli forces killed a militant, and Israel hits back with four air raids in Gaza, further shaking a five-month truce already threatened by a recent suicide bombing.
2006 - A suicide bomber in Karachi blows himself up outside the home of a prominent Shiite Muslim cleric, killing the cleric and a bodyguard and triggering a riot in the southern Pakistani city.
2007 - The Los Angeles archdiocese reaches a $660 million settlement with more than 500 alleged victims of clergy sex abuse.
2008 — The United States criticizes Russia for intentionally violating Georgian airspace by sending military aircraft over the rebellious Georgian region of South Ossetia.
2009 — Iran hangs 13 members of a Sunni Muslim rebel group convicted of bombings and killings in the country’s restive southeast near the borders with Pakistan and Afghanistan.
2010 - An Iranian nuclear scientist who disappeared a year ago heads back to Tehran, telling Iranian state media that he was abducted by CIA agents who tried to bribe him into speaking out against his homeland. The U.S. says he was a willing defector who changed his mind.
2011 — Plans for a whaling sanctuary in the southern Atlantic are put off by a year after Japan and other pro-whaling nations stall talks on the proposal at the International Whaling Commission.
2012 — U.N. observers investigating a reported mass killing in the Syrian village of Tremish find pools of blood in homes and spent bullets, mortar and artillery shells, adding details to an emerging picture of what anti regime activists are calling one of the most devastating events of the Syrian uprising. At least 150 are dead.
2013 — Mexican marines capture Miguel Trevino Morales, considered the country’s most vicious and violent drug lord who led the Los Zetas criminal gang.
Cardinal Jules Mazarin, French statesman (1602-1661); James McNeill Whistler, U.S. artist (1834-1903); Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter (1862-1918); Ante Pavelic, Croatian fascist leader (1889-1959); Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-born U.S. author and Nobel laureate (1904-1991); Woody Guthrie, U.S. singer and songwriter (1912-1967); Gerald Ford, U.S. president (1913-2006); Ingmar Bergman, Swedish film director (1918-2007); Victoria, crown princess of Sweden (1977--); Polly Bergen, U.S. actress/singer (1930--); Roosevelt “Rosy” Grier, former U.S. football player/actor (1932--).
Thought For Today:
Jealousy is no more than feeling alone among smiling enemies — Elizabeth Bowen, Irish novelist (1899-1973).