BERLIN (AP) _ The movie ''Rain Man,'' about the relationship that develops between an autistic man and his self-seeking brother, won the Golden Bear top prize for a full-length film at the annual Berlin Film Festival.

Dustin Hoffman received a special Golden Bear for his performance.

The film, which also stars Tom Cruise, was directed by Barry Levinson and has been nominated for eight Academy awards in the United States.

The festival jury of 11 judges, chaired by the former head of the Paris and Hamburg Operas, Rolf Liebermann, awarded the Golden Bear for the best short film to ''Pas a Deux'' by director Gerrit van Dijk of the Netherlands.

In addition to the Golden Bear awards, seven Silver Bear prizes were awarded Tuesday as the 12-day festival ended.

Other U.S. performances receiving prizes at the festival included a Silver Bear for Gene Hackman for his staring role in ''Mississippi Burning,'' a film about racially motivated murder 25 years ago; and Eric Bogosian for his work in ''Talk Radio,'' about an ambitious late-night talk show host who takes advantage of listeners.

The Silver Bear for best director was won by Czechoslovak Dusan Hanak for his 9-year-old film ''I Love, You Love,'' which was banned by Communist authorities in his homeland until last year.

Chinese director Wu Ziniu was awarded a special Silver Bear prize for his entry entitled ''Wan Zhnong'' or ''Evening Bells,'' which recounts a last- ditch attempt by Japanese troops to escape capture at the end of World War II.

French star Isabelle Adjani received a Silver Bear for her role in ''Camille Claudel.''