Friday, January 16
the Associated Press
Jan. 09, 2015
Today is Friday, Jan. 16, the 16th day of 2015. There are 349 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1547 - Ivan the Terrible is crowned Russia's first czar.
1666 - France, allied with Holland, declares war on England.
1761 - British take Pondicherry after siege, marking end of French dominion in India.
1778 - France recognizes U.S. independence.
1816 - Portugal's South American colony, Brazil, becomes a kingdom.
1883 - The U.S. Civil Service Commission is established.
1917 - Germans propose in a telegram that Mexico become Germany's ally with a view to recovering Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The telegram is intercepted, hastening the U.S. entry into World War I.
1920 - Prohibition, the legal prevention of the manufacture, sale, or transportation of alcoholic drinks, begins as the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution takes effect. It is later repealed.
1925 - Leon Trotsky is dismissed from chairmanship of Russia's Revolutionary Council.
1964 - Thirteen Arab nations, meeting in Cairo, agree to set up military command to strengthen Arab position on problems related to Israel; the musical "Hello, Dolly!," starring Carol Channing, opens on Broadway in New York, beginning a run of 2,844 performances.
1966 - Major General Aguiyi Ironsi takes over power in Nigeria after announcing that an attempted coup has been smashed.
1969 - Soviet cosmonauts achieve first linkup of two manned spaceships while in orbit around earth.
1971 - Swiss ambassador to Brazil, Giovanni Enrico Bucher, is freed in Rio de Janeiro after being held by kidnappers for 40 days.
1973 - United States and South Vietnam declare cease-fire in Vietnam War in hopes of full peace pact.
1979 - In the face of growing unrest, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi flees Iran, never to return.
1987 - Hu Yaobang resigns as head of China's Communist Party, accepting blame for policy mistakes stemming from student turmoil.
1988 - Jimmy "The Greek" Snyder is fired as a CBS television sports commentator one day after telling a TV station in Washington, D.C., that, during the era of slavery, blacks had been bred to produce stronger offspring.
1989 - Three days of rioting erupt in Miami when a police officer fatally shoots a black motorcyclist, causing a crash that also claimed the life of a passenger.
1990 - Bulgarian government grants opposition right to publish newspapers, but continues to deny their access to radio and television.
1991 - U.S. and allied fighters and heavy bombers start pounding targets in Iraq and Kuwait after Iraq fails to meet a deadline on withdrawal from Kuwait.
1992 - A special high court in Greece acquits former Socialist Premier Andreas Papandreou of involvement in a $210-million bank embezzlement scheme; officials of the government of El Salvador and rebel leaders sign a pact in Mexico City ending 12 years of civil war that left at least 75,000 people dead.
1993 - Somali civilians lead U.S. troops to bunkers overflowing with more than 1,000 tons of arms and ammunition. A marine spokesman calls the find "the mother lode of arms caches."
1995 - Five-hundred motorists are stranded in the Jawahar tunnel in northern India by a snow slide that killed at least 183 people.
1996 - Sierra Leone's military ruler, Capt. Valentine Strasser, is ousted in a coup.
1997 - In West Bank city of Hebron, Palestinians dance and sing outside Israeli army headquarters as troops begin departing after 30 years of military rule.
1998 - Turkey's high court outlaws the Islamic-oriented Welfare Party.
2000 - Ricardo Lagos is elected Chile's first socialist president since Salvador Allende, whose government was toppled in a bloody 1973 military coup led by Gen. Augusto Pinochet.
2001 - Laurent Kabila, president of Congo, is killed in a shooting at his home.
2004 - Spain's Constitutional Court, acting on a suit filed by the government under a law outlawing parties that incite terrorism, upholds the banning of Batasuna, a party long considered to be the political wing of the armed Basque independence group ETA.
2005 - Massive protests against social benefit cuts paralyze traffic in cities across Russia in the most serious outburst of public discontent since President Vladimir Putin took office.
2006 - Ernest Johnson Jr., 55, who deserted the U.S. Marine Corps during the Vietnam War is arrested in Texas after more than 36 years on the run.
2007 - Pakistani helicopter gunships attack a suspected al-Qaida hide-out in forest near the Afghan border, killing up to 10 people and sparking anger among tribesmen who say the dead are woodcutters, not terrorists.
2008 - Sri Lanka's cease-fire deal ends in a spasm of violence, as suspected Tamil Tiger rebels bomb a bus, shoot the fleeing passengers and attack farmers as they retreat into the bush, killing 27 people.
2009 - A wealthy U.S. businessman with a passion for books about the Middle East is sentenced to two years in jail for stealing pages from rare texts at two of Britain's most venerable libraries.
2110 - Egypt's largest opposition movement, the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood, announces it has chosen a new leader, Mohammed Badie, a conservative academic who looks unlikely to challenge the government's relentless crackdown on the group.
2011 - An Egyptian court convicts and sentences to death a Muslim man for killing six Christians and a Muslim guard last year — the latest in a series of moves by authorities seeking to calm religious tensions after a massive suicide bombing outside a church two weeks ago.
2012 - The political crisis engulfing Pakistan deepens when the nation's top court clashes with a beleaguered government already under attack from the powerful army — a combined assault that could bring down the U.S.-bac2ked administration.
2013 - French soldiers press into northern Mali territory occupied by radical Islamists, launching a land assault that was to put them in direct contact with al-Qaida-linked fighters.
2014 — A suicide bomber kills 4 people and injures 26 in the Lebanese town of Hermel, a Hezbollah stronghold near the Syrian border.
Richard Savage, English author (1697-1743); Niccolo Piccinni, Italian musician (1728-1800); John Carpenter, U.S. film director (1948--); Debbie Allen, U.S. actress/dancer/choreographer (1950--); Sade, U.S. singer (1959--); Maxine Jones, U.S. R & B singer (1966--); Kate Moss, English model (1974--).
Thought For Today:
I am a believer in punctuality, though it makes me very lonely — E.V. Lucas, English writer and publisher (1868-1938).