NEW YORK (AP) _ Sixty percent of Americans agreed that people with the AIDS virus should be made to carry a card to that effect, according to a Gallup Poll.

One-third said employers should be able to dismiss those with AIDS for having the disease, according to the poll, published in Sunday's editions of The New York Times. Forty-three percent disagreed.

But 87 percent said ''AIDS sufferers should be treated with compassion,'' and only 7 percent said they should not. The rest had no answer.

The poll showed that 48 percent feel victims ''should be allowed to live in the community normally,'' while 29 percent disagreed.

Forty-five percent agreed with the statement ''Most people with AIDS have only themselves to blame,'' while 13 percent disagreed.

According to the survey of 1,607 adults interviewed around the country July 10-13, 42 percent agreed with the statement ''I sometimes think that AIDS is a punishment for the decline in moral standards.'' Forty-three percent said they did not sometimes hold that view.

Most victims of AIDS in the United States have been homosexual males or intravenous drug abusers. Experts say AIDS is transmitted by sexual contact, sharing of infected hypodermic needles or syringes, tranfusions of blood or blood products, or from mother to child before birth.