Excerpts of Lebanese Minister's Address at Peace Talks
Nov. 01, 1991
MADRID, Spain (AP) _ Following are excerpts from the official conference translation of Lebanese Foreign Minister Fares Bweiz's address in Arabic to the Middle East peace conference on Thursday:
Events have demonstrated that Lebanon is one whole and cannot be fragmented. ... If Lebanon loses any of its areas, it would lose a vital limb. ...
Events have proven that south Lebanon in particular can detonate a conflagration that its sons would have express their wrath as long as they have to suffer the yoke of occupation and as long as the United Nations resolutions and international law, which guarantee a solution to the problem, are ignored.
Today, now that I'm talking to you, 160 Israeli shells were thrown on the city of Nabatiyeh, leaving numerous wounded and dead amongst the civilian population in Lebanon
Lebanon has sought and seeks to apply Security Council Resolution 425 of 19 March 1978, which calls for the strict respect for the territorial integrity, sovereignty, and political independence of Lebanon within its internationally recognized borders. It also calls upon Israel to cease its military action against Lebanese territorial integrity and withdraw immediately its forces from all Lebanese lands.
The resolution decided to establish immediately an interim force for south Lebanon under the authority of the United Nations ... to confirm the withdrawal of Israeli forces to restore international peace and security and assist the government of Lebanon in ensuring the return of its effective authority in the area.
The Lebanese government wishes this conference total success. Yet, it would like to assure you that it will spare no effort to have Resolution 425 implemented whatever path this conference may follow and whatever final results it reaches. We have notified the two co-sponsors of this conference, the U.S. and the Soviet Union, that our acceptance of the invitation to attend depended on that. . ..
Lebanon would accept no substitute to Resolution 425 and expects that the quest for peace and the emerging signs of the new international order will contribute towards overcoming all the obstacles standing in the way of its implementation.
Upon implementation of Resolution 425, Lebanon will firmly undertake to control the security on its internationally recognized borders and will preempt any security breaches, thereby removing any justification for acts of resistance against the occupation. . ..
No people in the region will enjoy peace if volcanoes are still erupting on our borders, if peoples are still oppressed and rights still violated. ...
Resolutions 242 and 338, which form the basis for this conference and the accepted sense, namely land for peace. The continuing settlement policy will definitely have an adverse effect on all peace efforts in the region.
Lebanon cautions against any attempt to solve the Palestinian problem by settling the Palestinians on a narrow strip of land where a large population lives within a delicate andsensitive balance, because then the struggle for survival can become dangerous, and this would not give Palestine back to its people, but rather would lead to the very loss of Lebanon.