NEW YORK (AP) _ Donald E. Newhouse, president of Advance Publications Inc. and of The Star-Ledger of Newark, N.J., was elected chairman of the board of directors of The Associated Press today.

William R. Burleigh, president and chief executive officer of Scripps Howard Inc., was elected vice chairman.

Louis D. Boccardi was re-elected president and chief executive officer of the news cooperative.

Newhouse succeeds Frank A. Daniels Jr., who retired after five years as chairman. Daniels, who had been on the board since 1983, retired earlier this year as president and publisher of the News & Observer of Raleigh, N.C.

Newhouse has been a member of the AP board since 1988. Besides the Star-Ledger, Advance's daily newspapers include The Oregonian of Portland, Ore., The Times-Picayune of New Orleans and The Plain Dealer of Cleveland.

Other AP management officers re-elected to one-year terms were Patrick T. O'Brien, senior vice president and chief financial officer; James M. Donna, vice president and secretary, and vice presidents William E. Ahearn, Vincent J. Alabiso, Claude E. Erbsen, Walter R. Mears, John W. Reid, Wick Temple and James R. Williams.

The other AP management officers re-elected were treasurer Paul Jenssen, assistant treasurers Daniel Boruch and Scott Johnson, and assistant secretaries Lilo Jedelhauser and Greg Groce.