YORK, Neb. (AP) _ Norris Alfred, longtime publisher of the weekly Polk Progress, died Tuesday. He was 82.

Alfred served as publisher of the weekly newspaper in eastern Nebraska from 1955 until his retirement in 1989.

He was a persistent critic of the technological, economic and organizational practices that erode life in small communities and on family farms. ``Slower is Better'' was on the masthead of his paper.

He received the Nebraska Press Association's Master Editor designation in 1989.

Survivors include three sisters and a brother.

Charles Gillett

GREAT NECK, N.Y. (AP) _ Charles Gillett, who created the Big Apple tourism campaign as president of the New York Convention and Visitors Bureau, died of a heart attack Monday. He was 80.

Gillett worked for the bureau for more than 40 years and served as its president from 1964 until his retirement in 1988.

He organized centennial parties for the Brooklyn Bridge and the Statue of Liberty, and the bicentennial visit of tall ships in 1976.

But he may be best known for making New York a bigger tourist draw.

Gillett was a jazz fan and remembered what musicians had said about the city in the 1920s and '30s: ``There are many apples on the tree, but when you pick New York City, you pick the Big Apple.''

During the 1970s fiscal crisis, Gillett handed out Big Apple lapel stickers that became a popular symbol of the city.

Gillett was a former president of the International Association of Convention and Visitors Bureaus and was a delegate to the 1995 White House conference on travel and tourism.

Robert Parrish

NEW YORK (AP) _ Robert Parrish, an Academy Award-winning film editor who also directed and acted in movies, died Monday. He was 79.

As an editor, Parrish won an Oscar for ``Body and Soul,'' the 1947 Robert Rosen film that starred John Garfield as a money-grubbing, two-timing boxer on the make. Parrish and Rosen worked together again on ``All the King's Men,'' an account of the rise and fall of a Louisiana politician that won the Oscar for best picture in 1949.

Parrish directed such films as ``Cry Danger'' (1951) and two movies starring Gregory Peck, ``The Purple Plain'' (1954) and ``The Wonderful Country'' (1959).

As a child, Parrish appeared in Charlie Chaplin's ``City Lights'' (1931) and ``All Quiet on the Western Front,'' (1930) and ``The Informer,'' (1935).

He also wrote his memoirs in two volumes: ``Growing Up in Hollywood'' in 1976 and ``Hollywood Doesn't Live Here Anymore'' in 1988, published by Little Brown.

Alfred I. Schlossberg

PALM BEACH, Fla. (AP) _ Alfred I. Schlossberg, a shirt manufacturer and the father-in-law of Caroline Kennedy, died Monday at age 87.

Schlossberg made a quiet fortune in the textile business, eventually heading his own company, Alfred Schlossberg Inc.

His son Edwin married the daughter of the slain president in 1986.

Tom Washington

DEARBORN, Mich. (AP) _ Tom Washington, president of the National Rifle Association, died Tuesday, nearly three weeks after he suffered a heart attack while deer hunting. He was 58.

Washington was elected in May to a second one-year term as president of the 3.5-million-member organization.

Under his leadership, the group's activism grew, but a fund-raising letter calling federal law enforcement agents ``jack-booted government thugs'' drove some to resign from the group, including life member former President Bush and former House Speaker Tom Foley.

Washington also served as executive director of Michigan United Conservation Clubs. He was a production worker for The Detroit News before joining MUCC in 1963.

Sue L. Wise

NEW HAVEN, Conn. (AP) _ Sue L. Wise, a prominent civil rights attorney known for prosecuting police brutality and discrimination cases, died Tuesday from stroke complications. She was 52.

Wise earned her law degree from the University of Connecticut in 1973 and soon was taking on seasoned lawyers in felony trials and police brutality cases at a time when female lawyers mostly practiced real estate law.

She won a $1.5 million malpractice suit against a lawyer who had not properly investigated the holdings of her client's husband in a divorce case.

Dmitry Volkogonov

MOSCOW (AP) _ Dmitry Volkogonov, a military historian who helped reveal the extent of Communist Party repression, died Tuesday of cancer. He was 67.

Volkogonov was reviled by hard-liners and lionized by pro-reform forces for revealing, as director of the Soviet Defense Ministry's History Museum, details of persecution that began when the Bolsheviks took power in 1917.

He also headed the Russian-American Commission set up to determine whether any missing U.S. servicemen were held in Soviet territory during the Cold War. The panel has found none.

Volkogonov wrote more than 30 books. Best known are his history works on Vladimir Lenin, Josef Stalin and Leon Trotsky, written in recent years on the basis of newly opened archive materials.

Volkogonov was an adviser to President Boris Yeltsin.

After the 1991 breakup of the Soviet Union, Volkogonov presided over a commission charged with creating a Russian defense ministry and armed forces.

He also headed a presidential commission charged with finding missing Russian soldiers, including those lost during the war in Chechnya.