HURRICANE, W.Va. (AP) _ Irene Ambler, publisher of the weekly Hurricane Breeze newspaper, died Tuesday. She was 76.

Her father, Robert Forth, purchased the newspaper in 1913, and Ambler helped him run it until he died in 1983. She then co-published the paper with her daughter, Cookie, and son-in-law, Ron Allen.

Earsel V. Atchley

KANSAS CITY, Mo. (AP) _ Earsel V. Atchley, a renowned violin maker who produced more than 500 instruments for musicians worldwide, died Saturday. He was 88.

Of the violins Atchley made for 47 years rests in the Truman Presidential Library.

Descending from a father and grandfather who were masters at the art, Atchley began crafting instruments in 1931. The Depression kept him from musical pursuits, but he returned to making violins fulltime in 1948 after spending many years working at a steel mill.

At Atchley's Violin Shop, he lavished about 180 hours on each instrument, crafting spruce and maple imported from Germany. Although he preferred to play, an explosion at Sheffield Steel where he worked 18 years seared his hands.

Philip Foisie

WASHINGTON (AP) _ Philip M. Foisie, who became executive editor of the International Herald Tribune in Paris after guiding The Washington Post's foreign news coverage for a quarter-century, died of a heart attack Tuesday. He was 73.

Foisie was at the helm of the Herald Tribune, a joint venture of the Post and The New York Times, from 1981 to 1987 before becoming a consultant. He returned to the United States in 1989 and became ombudsman for the Stars and Stripes military newspapers published in Europe and Japan.

After working in military intelligence during World War II, Foisie joined the Post in 1955 as cable news editor. He later became foreign editor and assistant managing editor for foreign news as the newspaper's international staff grew from one to 23 members.

Survivors include his wife, Rita; four children; two brothers; a sister; and six grandchildren.

Max Karl

MIAMI (AP) _ Max H. Karl, an attorney credited with developing the modern form of private mortgage insurance and making homes more affordable for millions of families, died Wednesday of complications from heart surgery. He was 85.

In the 1950s, Karl became frustrated with the amount of time and paperwork required to obtain a home backed by federal government insurance, the only option available at that time.

He founded the Mortgage Guarantee Insurance Corp. in 1957, using $250,000 raised from friends and investors in his hometown of Milwaukee.

The new company would only insure 20 percent of loss on a defaulted mortgage, limiting exposure and providing incentives for lenders to use more caution when issuing loans.

The guarantee was enough to encourage lenders across the country to issue mortgage loans to buyers whose down payments were less than 20 percent of the home's price. The availability of credit helped fuel the home building boom of the 1960s and 1970s.

Mortgage Guarantee was liquidated and rebuilt with Karl's backing in the early 1980s. Karl also founded the first municipal bond insurance company, now called Ambac.

Morton Liebman

SANTA FE, N.M. (AP) _ Morton Liebman, a publisher and businessman who helped start the Santa Fe Reporter weekly newspaper, died April 7 of pancreatic cancer. He was 67.

After serving in the Navy during World War II, Liebman published the Bergen News and owned Allied Printing Corp., which printed Rolling Stone and The New York Review of Books.

In 1974, he bought the Santa Fe News and co-published it for one year. The publication then was sold to owners who modified the newspaper into the Santa Fe Reporter.

After the sale, Liebman worked as business manager and continued to provide financial assistance during the paper's early years. He also founded the company Copygraphics.