HONOLULU (AP) _ Deposed Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos made an open plea to the U.S. government to allow him to return to his homeland to rescue the Philippine people from ''the yoke and tyranny of communism.''

The U.S. State Department on Thursday barred Marcos from returning amid reports from the Philippine consulate here that a Boeing 707 that arrived from Miami on Monday night was ready to fly him to the Philippines to rally his supporters.

''What can I do, poor little me, who was your ally for so many years, who fought with you in Bataan, Corregidor and in the underground (during World War II)?'' the exiled former president said Thursday night in his plea to the U.S. government. ''I can only take whatever you tell me to do.''

Marcos, while denying any knowledge of the jetliner, told reporters at his hillside home that he feels he is ''being treated like a prisoner'' and that he wants to stop bloodshed in his homeland and ''help our people avoid the yoke and the tyranny of communism.''

''I have said this before and I will continue saying it,'' he said. ''I'll try to get there as soon as I can, at the risk of my life try to reach the Philippines to help my people.''

On Thursday, dissident soldiers the government said were Marcos loyalists abandoned an apparent coup attempt by ending a two-day occupation of a Manila television station.

Marcos has lived in Honolulu since he fled last February after a popular uprising that made Corazon Aquino president.

White House spokesman Larry Speakes said Thursday the State Department had reminded Marcos that he agreed when he went into exile in the United States that he could return only with the approval of the government in Manila.

The exiled former president said he has repeatedly asked the Reagan administration to assist him in returning home, ''but I seriously doubt if President Reagan is helping.''

Marcos appeared fatigued during the news conference. His eyes were red and watery. Several times, aides provided and corrected words for Marcos, who fumbled through lists and difficult pronunciations.

The plane was registered to Pan Aviation Inc., of Miami, which is owned by Lebanese arms dealer Sarkis G. Soghanalian.

Soghanalian said in a televised interview in Miami on Thursday that he was on the plane that went to Hawaii, where he said he visited Marcos. Soghanalian, who is under indictment in Miami for possession of unregistered weapons, refused to say if he planned to fly Marcos back to the South Pacific Island nation for a military coup.

''I like Marcos. I'd like to see him back there. That's my wish,'' he said. ''If he asked me, I'd take him anywhere.''

Soghanalian refused to say if Marcos had asked him to take him back to the Philippines.

Marcos said he did not sponsor the ill-fated rebellion that began Tuesday.

''I would be very happy to be called commander of these patriotic heroes who are openly defying some senior officers who are not fighting the communists,'' Marcos said.

''I wish I were commander of these courageous heroes, but I am not.''