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NORFOLK, Va. (AP) _ About three out of four Americans surveyed said they flew Old Glory at home or on their cars after Sept. 11 as they sought ways to cope with the terrorist attacks.

``In the face of such uncertainty, people didn't know what to do,'' said J. Timmons Roberts, a College of William and Mary professor who directed the patriotism survey conducted by undergraduates in his sociology research class. ``This was something simple, concrete they could do.''

The random telephone survey of 399 adults nationwide found no differences in flag display habits among income group, social class, city size or region of the country. The survey, conducted in April, has a margin of error of plus or minus 4.9 percentage points.

The same survey found that one in three American workers felt more stressed on the job since the Sept. 11 attacks and the anthrax attacks, and that nearly one in four workers felt their jobs became more dangerous after those events. Those results were released in May.

For the Fourth of July holiday, the students asked people about coping mechanisms, and flying the flag was one of them.

Seventy-four percent of the respondents said they flew the flag at home or on their vehicles, Roberts said.

Micheal Beamon, a 56-year-old retired soldier from Norfolk, hung a flag in his window immediately after the attacks and didn't remove it until after the first of this year.

``We were just being patriotic. I guess that was the norm,'' Beamon said.

Roberts said just flying the flag probably wouldn't make Americans more able to deal with post-September 11th stress. ``But does it help individuals get up the next day and go to a dangerous workplace or cross the bridge they're afraid will blow up? Maybe.''