Court Refuses To Hear Administration Appeal on Freedom of Information
Mar. 19, 1990
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Supreme Court on March 19 refused to hear a Bush administration appeal aimed at making it costlier for an organization called the National Security Archive to compile information.
The archive is a non-profit organization that collects information on national security and foreign policy and makes it available to the public in various ways.
It has filed thousands of FOIA requests for government records.
The court, without comment, let stand a ruling that gives the archive the same preferential status under the Freedom of Information Act that other news organizations enjoy.
The administration claimed the archive should not have the status of a news organization for purposes of FOIA requests.
The U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals here ruled last year that the archive should be treated as a news media representative under the FOIA because it publishes some of the information it gathers itself.
News media representatives that make FOIA requests reimburse the government for the cost of copying the documents, but not for the major additional cost of searching for the records. If the archive did not have the status of a news organization, it would have to reimburse the government for search costs.
The archive is headed by Scott Armstrong, a former Washington Post reporter and co-author of ''The Brethren,'' a 1979 book that provided a behind-the- scenes look at the Supreme Court.
The organization published a book entitled ''The Chronology: The Documented Day-by-Day Account of the Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Contras'' and another called ''El Salvador - The Making of U.S. Policy, 1977-1984.'' Newspaper Switching From Afternoon to Morning
CAPE GIRARDEAU, Mo. (AP) - The Southeast Missourian, which has been an afternoon newspaper since its funding in 1904, will convert to morning circulation beginning June 4.
The decision to switch follows months of study and an overwhelming national trend away from afternoon deliveries, Publisher Gary Rust said in an article in March 18 editions.
Similar-sized daily newspapers in the region - including those in Carbondale, Ill., Paducah, Ky., and Jonesboro, Ark. - have made the conversion to morning delivery in recent years, Rust said.
The Southeast Missourian, which publishes Monday through Friday and Sunday morning, has a daily circulation of 17,000 and a Sunday circulation of 21,700. BROADCAST NEWS Turner Cautions Against 'F' Word
ATLANTA (AP) - Employees of Turner Broadcasting System Inc. better not use the ''F'' word or their employer will be dipping into their paychecks.
The word is ''foreign,'' and TBS Board Chairman and President Ted Turner says using it thwarts his company's policy of promoting greater global understanding.
Turner has instituted a company-wide standard requiring the use of the word ''international'' instead of ''foreign'' in all written and verbal references.
The company, which owns Cable News Network, has had a policy against use of the word for the past 1 1/2 years, but Turner amended it the week of March 12 to include fines for slipups.
''The word 'foreign' implies something unfamiliar and creates a perception of misunderstanding,'' Turner said in a memorandum to employees. ''In contrast, 'international' means 'among nations' and promotes a sense of unity.''
Employees who use the word ''foreign'' will be warned on the first offense. Future slipups will mean a fine of $50, or $100 for managers. All fines will be donated to the United Nations Children's Fund, the company said. Clash With Cuba Over U.S. Broadcasts Looms
HAVANA (AP) - TV Marti, the Voice of America's television invasion of Cuba, is expected to begin testing this month and Cuban officials are threatening retaliation that could affect U.S. commercial broadcasters.
Cuba regards the prospect of U.S. news shows, sitcoms and soap operas as a blatant intrusion on national sovereignty - or ''tele-aggression,'' as President Fidel Castro calls it.
Ramon Sanchez Parodi, a vice foreign minister, says Cuba may curtail travel and telephone communications between Cuba and the United States.
Another possibility is that Cuba, with the use of high-powered trnasmitters, will interfere with U.S. radio broadcasts over a huge area west of the Mississippi.
Cuban officials argue the proposed station violates U.N. agreements that protect local broadcasting systems from outside interference. NBC Agrees to Sell Majority Interest in Cleveland TV Station
NEW YORK (AP) - The National Broadcasting Co. said March 16 it had agreed to sell a majority interest in its Cleveland television station WKYC-TV to Multimedia Inc., which would be making its first major purchase since undertaking a $1.1 billion recapitalization in 1985.
Terms of the sale and the size of the stake being sold were not disclosed.
Multimedia, which owns four television stations and has interests in newspapers, radio, television programming and cable TV, would assume complete responsibility for managing and operating the station.
WKYC-TV serves the nation's 11th-largest TV market and would be Multimedia's biggest TV property. Pro Basketball Network Formed
NEW YORK (AP) - The National Basketball Association and PIA Radio Sports will create an NBA Radio Network providing exclusive national radio coverage starting next season.
Commissioner David Stern made the announcement March 14 along with Brad Saul, president of the Chicago-based PIA.
The four-year agreement calls for a regular-season game of the week, plus coverage of the All-Star game and as many as 31 playoff contests, including all of the conference finals and league finals. The network also will broadcast the draft and lottery.
The NBA's current agreement with ABC Radio expires after this season's final round. ABC's ''World News'' Wins Ratings
NEW YORK (AP) - ABC's ''World News Tonight'' led the news ratings for the ninth consecutive week, according to A.C. Nielsen Co. estimates released March 13.
''NBC Nightly News'' and the ''CBS Evening News'' tied for second place.
For the week that ended March 9, the ABC program averaged an 11.5 rating, up 0.4 point from the previous week. NBC's broadcast and CBS's, which has been slumping in the ratings, each averaged 9.7.
Each ratings point represents 921,000 homes.