Saturday, June 28
The Associated Press
Jun. 20, 2014
Today is Saturday, June 28, the 179th day of 2014. There are 186 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1389 - Serb army is defeated by the Turks at Kosovo Polje. Remainder of Serbia is conquered by Turks, who rule for almost 500 years.
1797 - France occupies Ionian Islands of Greece.
1812 - Napoleon Bonaparte's army crosses Vilna River as Russian forces retreat.
1881 - Immigration Act of New Zealand restricts Japanese immigration.
1895 - Raids are launched from Bulgaria into Macedonia following founding of an external Macedonian revolutionary organization at Sofia.
1914 - Austria's Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his wife are assassinated at Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, Serb revolutionary, igniting World War I.
1919 - Germany and the Allies sign the Treaty of Versailles, formally ending World War I and providing for the creation of the League of Nations
1942 - British 8th Army in North Africa retreats from Germans to El Alamein; German forces launch counterattack against Soviets in Kharkov region.
1948 - Yugoslavia is expelled from Communist group Cominform for hostility to Soviet Union.
1950 - North Korean soldiers capture Seoul, as South Koreans retreat south of Han River.
1956 - Labor riots are put down in Poznan, Poland, with many casualties.
1976 - The Seychelles, an Indian Ocean island group, become independent after 102 years under British rule.
1986 - West European leaders, meeting in the Netherlands, delay indefinitely imposing economic sanctions against South Africa.
1988 - U.S. military attache to Greece is killed by powerful car bomb that blows his armor-plated car off road.
1989 - In Slobodan Milosevic's shining moment, one million Serbs gather in Kosovo, Yugoslavia, to mark the 600th anniversary of their defeat by the Turks and cheer their nationalist leader.
1991 - Yugoslav army declares a cease-fire after nearly two days of fighting to keep Slovenia from seceding.
1993 - Thousands of illegal Albanian immigrants in Greece are rounded up and sent home in bus convoys as police crack down following Albania's expulsion of a Greek Orthodox priest.
1994 - Three masked gunmen seize a bus and take about 40 passengers hostage near the southern Russian city of Mineralnye Vody.
1996 - Turkey's president Suleyman Demirel approves the country's first Islamic-led government in 73 years.
1997 - Cuban and Argentine forensic experts uncover the remains of legendary guerrilla leader Ernesto "Che" Guevara and five of his companions near the Bolivian town of Vallegrande.
1998 - Slavko Dokmanovic, Serb former mayor of Vukovar, Croatia, hangs himself in his cell while the International War Crimes Tribunal considers a verdict on his role in a massacre of 200 people.
1999 - Computer hackers deface the U.S. Army's main web site after having hacked into the White House, FBI and U.S. Senate Web sites.
2000 - Seven months after floating adrift in the Florida straits, 6-year-old Elian Gonzalez returns to his native Cuba, bringing to a close a fierce custody battle.
2001 - Yugoslavia hands over former President Slobodan Milosevic to the U.N. war crimes tribunal.
2004 - The United States hands over sovereignty to the Iraqis two days ahead of schedule and seven months before elections are set to take place.
2005 - The European Union and five nations pick France over Japan as the site for an experimental nuclear fusion reactor, opening the way for development of a potential source of clean, inexhaustible energy.
2006 - U.N. member states lift a $950 million (euro756 million) spending cap on the United Nations budget, averting a financial crisis but dealing a blow to U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan's reform agenda.
2007 - Israeli President Moshe Katsav agrees to resign in a plea bargain that drops rape allegations and the threat of jail time in return for pleading guilty to lesser charges.
2008 - Zimbabweans deface ballots and boycott the discredited re-election of President Robert Mugabe after an onslaught of state-sponsored violence pushes his main opposition from the race.
2009 - Soldiers oust the democratically elected president of Honduras and Congress names a successor, but Manuel Zalaya, the leftist ally of Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez, denounces what he calls an illegal coup and vows to stay in power.
2010 - Ten people are arrested in the U.S. for allegedly serving as secret agents of the Russian government with the goal of penetrating U.S. government policymaking circles.
2011 - German and Chinese leaders pledge a big increase in trade between their countries, the biggest economies of Europe and Asia, while China's premier underlines his support for the eurozone amid its debt crisis.
2012 — Archeologists say pottery fragments found in a south China cave have been confirmed to be 20,000 years old, making them the oldest pottery in the world.
2013 — A senior Vatican cleric, Monsignor Nunzio Scarano, and two others are arrested on suspicion of smuggling 20 million euros into Italy from Switzerland.
England's King Henry VIII (1491-1547); Peter Paul Rubens, Flemish painter (1577-1640); Jean-Jacques Rousseau, French philosopher-author (1712-1778); Luigi Pirandello, Italian dramatist and Nobel laureate (1867-1936); Richard Rodgers, U.S. composer (1902-1979); Mel Brooks, U.S. actor/director (1926--); Pat Morita, U.S. actor (1932-2005); Kathy Bates, actress (1948--); John Cusack, actor (1966--).
Thought For Today:
I don't know whether war is an interlude during peace, or peace an interlude during war — Georges Clemenceau, French statesman (1841-1929).