West German Television Shows Film of Sakharov
Mar. 25, 1986
BONN, West Germany (AP) _ Soviet dissident Andrei Sakharov was shown on West German television Monday night in a film made by Soviet secret police that was obatined by the Hamburg newspaper Bild.
The ZDF television network showed portions of the video film in its evening news broadcast.
Bild published some photographs from the film on Monday, and said it had received the video cassette from ''Kremlin circles.''
It said Soviet KGB agents used hidden cameras to make the film of Sakharov from December to early February.
The clips on ZDF showed Sakharov visiting a doctor's office and an auto mechanic's shop, discussing disarmament with a man who Bild said was a KGB agent, and talking on the telephone, reportedly to his wife in the United States.
Sakharov could be heard saying ''Lusinka 3/8'' which Bild and ZDF said is his nickname for his wife, Yelena Bonner who was allowed by Soviet authorities to go to America last December for medical treatment. She is living with relatives in Newton, Mass.
According to Bild, Sakharov ended the conversation with ''Love and kisses, goodbye my love.'' The newspaper said the other voice could not be heard on the tape.
Some of the scenes showed Sakharov smiling, and he appeared to be in good health.
Sakharov, a physicist who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1975 for his human rights activities, was banished to internal exile in the closed city of Gorky in January 1980 after he publicly criticized the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan. He had helped develop the Soviets' nuclear weapons, and officials say he cannot leave the country because he knows state secrets.
ZDF followed the film with a commentary saying Soviet leaders were seeking to use Sakharov to support their policies. ''It is clearer than ever that the Kremlin is misusing Sakharov as a political instrument,'' the commentator said.
Bild, a mass-circulation tabloid, has received four films of Sakharov from the Soviets since August 1984, a spokeswoman for the paper said. She said the latest one was 15 minutes long.
The portions carried by ZDF opened with scenes of children playing in the snow in the streets of Gorky, about 250 miles east of Moscow.
Sakharov was then shown walking to the local post office, wearing a traditional Russian fur hat, to purportedly telephone his wife.
A clock in the post office gave the date and time as Jan. 14, 1986, 7:11 p.m.
In the telephone conversation, with a German translation dubbed over Sakharov's voice, he said he was feeling well ''for the most part.
''Only my back hurts a bit. And I have a little cold every now and then.'' In the other scenes, Sakharov discussed disarmament with an unseen partner that Bild said was a KGB man.
During the scene, Sakharov praised Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's arms limitation proposals as ''good and fair,'' but he said he did not know if they could be realized because of ''horrible mistrust'' between the superpowers.
He also said he did not think the U.S. ''Star Wars'' space-defense research project would work because it was ''impossible'' to build a fail-safe defense against nuclear missiles.