Jack in the Box Inc. Reports Third Quarter FY 2018 Earnings
Aug. 08, 2018
SAN DIEGO SAN DIEGO--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Aug 8, 2018--Jack in the Box Inc. (NASDAQ: JACK) today reported financial results for the third quarter ended July 8, 2018.
The company completed the sale of Qdoba Restaurant Corporation ("Qdoba") on March 21, 2018. Qdoba results are included in discontinued operations for all periods presented.
Earnings from continuing operations were $48.1 million, or $1.70 per diluted share, for the third quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with $31.3 million, or $1.05 per diluted share, for the third quarter of fiscal 2017.
Operating Earnings Per Share (1), a non-GAAP measure, were $1.00 in the third quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with $0.79 in the prior year quarter. A reconciliation of non-GAAP Operating Earnings Per Share to GAAP results is provided below, with additional information included in the attachment to this release. Figures may not add due to rounding.
Adjusted EBITDA (2), a non-GAAP measure, was $64.4 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with $62.4 million for the prior year quarter.
Lenny Comma, chairman and chief executive officer, said, “Our third quarter operating results were in line with our expectations, with system same-store sales returning to positive territory. We are pleased that this momentum has continued into the fourth quarter without resorting to deep discounting that we believe is not in the best interests of the long-term health of the brand.
"With the refranchising of 42 Jack in the Box ® restaurants in the third quarter and 7 thus far in the fourth quarter, our franchise mix now stands at approximately 94 percent. We expect to sell one additional restaurant in the fourth quarter which will complete our refranchising initiative.
"We remain firmly committed to returning cash to shareholders with the purchase of $100 million of stock in the quarter and $200 million thus far this year. Following the completion of our longer-term financing plans, we plan to increase our leverage up to 5.0 times EBITDA and expect to return more than $1 billion over the next four years to our shareholders in the form of share repurchases and dividends.
"We look forward to sharing additional details about our long-term goals on our earnings call tomorrow morning. Our plans are focused on meeting evolving consumer needs, with emphasis on improving operations consistency and targeted investments designed to maximize our returns. To improve our brand relevance, by the end of fiscal 2021 we expect at least 80 percent of the system to have significant upgrades to the drive-thru experience or to be remodeled. Our key fiscal 2022 targets include system-wide sales of $4 billion, adjusted EBITDA of approximately $300 million, and free cash flow of approximately $175 million."
Jack in the Box system same-store sales increased 0.5 percent for the quarter and lagged the QSR sandwich segment by 2.1 percentage points for the comparable period, according to The NPD Group’s SalesTrack ® Weekly for the 12-week time period ended July 8, 2018. Included in this segment are 16 of the top QSR sandwich and burger chains in the country. Company same-store sales increased 0.6 percent in the third quarter driven by average check growth of 2.6 percent, partially offset by a 2.0 percent decrease in transactions.
Restaurant-Level EBITDA (3), a non-GAAP measure, increased by 430 basis points to 27.5 percent of company restaurant sales in the third quarter of 2018 from 23.2 percent a year ago. The increase was due primarily to the benefit of refranchising, which was partially offset by wage inflation, and higher maintenance and repairs expenses. Food and packaging costs, as a percentage of company restaurant sales, decreased in the quarter due primarily to menu price increases and favorable product mix. Commodity costs were approximately flat in the quarter as compared with the prior year. Restaurant Operating Margin (3), a non-GAAP measure, increased to 23.9 percent of company restaurant sales in the third quarter of fiscal 2018 from 19.3 percent in the prior year quarter.
Franchise EBITDA (3), a non-GAAP measure, as a percentage of total franchise revenues decreased to 60.2 percent in the third quarter from 61.0 percent in the prior year quarter. The decrease was due primarily to incremental costs incurred in 2018 related to the implementation of a mystery guest program. Franchise Margin (3), a non-GAAP measure, decreased to 51.8 percent of total franchise revenues in the third quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with 52.7 percent in the third quarter of fiscal 2017.
SG&A expenses for the third quarter decreased by $8.0 million and were 10.7 percent of revenues compared with 11.4 percent in the prior year quarter. Advertising costs, which are included in SG&A, were $5.9 million in the third quarter compared with $8.2 million in the prior year quarter. The $2.3 million decrease in advertising costs was due to a $3.8 million decrease resulting from refranchising, which was partially offset by an incremental $1.5 million of spending in the quarter. The $5.7 million decrease in G&A excluding advertising was primarily driven by $3.6 million in transition services income resulting from the sale of Qdoba, which was reflected as a reduction to SG&A. The decrease was further attributable to $2.4 million of costs incurred in the prior year quarter while 31 franchised Jack in the Box restaurants taken back were closed, a $0.6 million decrease in share-based compensation, and a $0.4 million decrease in pension and postretirement benefits. These decreases were partially offset by mark-to-market adjustments on investments supporting the company's non-qualified retirement plans resulting in a $1.1 million year-over-year increase in SG&A. As a percentage of system-wide sales, G&A excluding advertising was 1.8 percent in the third quarter of 2018 compared with 2.5 percent in the 2017 quarter.
In fiscal 2018, the company began presenting depreciation and amortization as a separate line item in its condensed consolidated statements of earnings to better align with similar presentation made by many of its peers and to provide additional disclosure that is meaningful for investors. The prior year condensed consolidated statement of earnings was adjusted to conform with this new presentation. Depreciation and amortization was previously presented within company restaurant costs, franchise occupancy expenses, selling, general and administrative expenses, and impairment and other charges, net, in the company's condensed consolidated statements of earnings.
Restructuring charges of $1.9 million, or approximately $0.05 per diluted share, were recorded during the third quarter of fiscal 2018 compared with $1.8 million, or $0.04 per diluted share, in the prior year quarter. Restructuring charges are included in "Impairment and other charges, net" in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of earnings. Including these charges, impairment and other charges, net, decreased in the third quarter to $3.3 million from $4.9 million in the year ago quarter.
Interest expense, net, increased by $1.5 million in the third quarter due primarily to a higher effective interest rate for 2018.
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the "Tax Act"), enacted into law on December 22, 2017, reduced the federal statutory rate from 35 percent to 21 percent as of January 1, 2018. As a company with a fiscal year-end of September 30, the tax rate reduction will be phased in, resulting in a blended statutory federal tax rate of 24.5 percent for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2018. In addition, the Tax Act resulted in a non-cash increase to the provision for income taxes of $0.9 million, or $0.03 per diluted share, for the third quarter of fiscal 2018, and $32.1 million, or $1.10 per diluted share, for the 40 weeks ended July 8, 2018, related primarily to the revaluation of deferred tax assets and liabilities at the new lower rates. This revaluation was based upon estimates and interpretations of the Tax Act which may be refined as further guidance is issued.
In the first quarter of fiscal 2018, the company adopted Accounting Standards Update No. 2016-09, Compensation-Stock Compensation: Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2016-09”). As required by the updated accounting standard, excess tax benefits or deficiencies are now recorded to the provision for income taxes in the condensed consolidated statement of earnings, on a prospective basis, instead of additional paid-in capital in the condensed consolidated balance sheet. The adoption resulted in a reduction to the provision for income taxes of $1.3 million, or $0.04 per diluted share, for the third quarter of fiscal 2018, and $2.1 million, or $0.07 per diluted share, for the 40 weeks ended July 8, 2018, but had no additional impact on cash paid for income taxes. Excess tax benefits will vary in future periods, as such amounts are dependent on the number of shares released related to employee stock compensation arrangements and fluctuations in the company’s stock price.
Qdoba Discontinued Operations
In the first quarter of fiscal 2018, the company entered into a definitive agreement to sell Qdoba, a wholly owned subsidiary of the company, to certain funds managed by affiliates of Apollo Global Management, LLC (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, "Apollo"). The transaction closed on March 21, 2018, and operating results for Qdoba are included in discontinued operations for all periods presented. However, the company did not allocate any general and administrative shared services expenses to discontinued operations prior to the sale.
The company repurchased approximately 1.2 million shares of its common stock in the third quarter of 2018 at an average price of $82.78 per share for an aggregate cost of $100.0 million. The company currently has approximately $181.0 million remaining under a stock-buyback program authorized by its Board of Directors that expires in November 2019.
The company also announced today that on August 3, 2018, its Board of Directors declared a cash dividend of $0.40 per share on the company's common stock. The dividend is payable on September 5, 2018, to shareholders of record at the close of business on August 20, 2018.
This release includes forward-looking guidance for certain non-GAAP financial measures, including Restaurant-Level EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and free cash flow, which the company defines as cash flow from operations (including tenant improvement allowances) less capital expenditures. The company believes free cash flow is an important liquidity measure for investors because it communicates how much cash flow is available for working capital needs or to be used for repurchasing shares, paying dividends, repaying or refinancing debt, or other uses of cash. The company is unable without unreasonable effort to provide reconciliations of these forward-looking non-GAAP measures.
Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2018 Guidance
The following guidance and underlying assumptions reflect the company’s current expectations for the fourth quarter and fiscal year ending September 30, 2018. Fiscal 2018 and fiscal 2017 are 52-week years, with 16 weeks in the first quarter, and 12 weeks in each of the second, third and fourth quarters.
Fourth quarter fiscal year 2018 guidanceSystem same-store sales increase of approximately 1.0 to 2.0 percent versus a 1.0 percent decrease in the year-ago quarter.
Fiscal year 2018 guidanceSystem same-store sales of approximately flat to up 0.5 percent. Commodity cost inflation of approximately 3.0 percent. Restaurant-Level EBITDA of approximately 26.0 to 27.0 percent of company restaurant sales. SG&A as a percentage of revenues of approximately 12.0 percent, which includes incremental advertising spending on behalf of the system. G&A as a percentage of system-wide sales of approximately 2.2 percent. Approximately 15 to 20 new restaurants opening system-wide, the majority of which will be franchise locations. Capital expenditures of approximately $30 to $35 million. Tenant improvement allowances of approximately $15 to $20 million. Tax rate of approximately 28.0 to 29.0 percent, excluding the non-cash impact of the Tax Act and the tax impact of excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements which are now recorded as a component of income tax expense versus equity previously. Adjusted EBITDA of approximately $260 to $270 million.
Long-Term Guidance (fiscal 2019 through fiscal 2022)
The guidance below does not reflect the impact of new accounting standards, including the revenue recognition accounting standard that will be adopted in fiscal 2019 or the new lease accounting standard that will be adopted in fiscal 2020. The new revenue recognition standard will result in the inclusion of advertising fund revenues and expenses as well as certain other fees in the income statement, as well as the amortization of franchise fees over the terms of the franchise agreements.System-wide sales of approximately $4 billion in fiscal 2022, driven by low single-digit increases in both annual same-store sales and system-wide unit growth. Restaurant-Level EBITDA of approximately 25.0 to 27.0 percent of company restaurant sales, depending on same-store sales, and labor and commodity inflation. G&A as a percentage of system-wide sales declining steadily to approximately 1.9 percent beginning in fiscal 2021. Adjusted EBITDA growing to approximately $300 million in fiscal 2022. Following implementation of a new capital structure in the first half of fiscal 2019, the company expects to increase its leverage ratio to approximately 5.0 times EBITDA. Tax rate of approximately 26.0 percent, subject to fluctuations arising from the impact of excess tax benefits from share-based compensation arrangements. Recurring capital expenditures of approximately $20 to 25 million per year, including technology and equipment investments. In addition, capital expenditures of approximately $10 to $15 million per year in fiscal 2019 through fiscal 2021 for drive-thru enhancements and remodels at company restaurants. Tenant improvement allowances of approximately $25 to $35 million per year in fiscal 2019 through fiscal 2021. The company expects at least 80 percent of the system to have significant upgrades to the drive-thru experience or to be remodeled by the end of fiscal 2021. Free cash flow growing to approximately $175 million in 2022. The company expects to return more than $1 billion to shareholders over the next four years, in the form of share repurchases and dividends.
The company will host a conference call for financial analysts and investors on Thursday, August 9, 2018, beginning at 8:30 a.m. PT (11:30 a.m. ET). The conference call will be broadcast live over the Internet via the Jack in the Box Inc. corporate website. To access the live call through the Internet, log onto the Investors section of the Jack in the Box Inc. website at http://investors.jackinthebox.com at least 15 minutes prior to the event in order to download and install any necessary audio software. A replay of the call will be available through the Jack in the Box Inc. corporate website for 21 days, beginning at approximately 11:30 a.m. PT on August 9, 2018.
About Jack in the Box Inc.
Jack in the Box Inc. (NASDAQ: JACK), based in San Diego, is a restaurant company that operates and franchises Jack in the Box ® restaurants, one of the nation’s largest hamburger chains, with more than 2,200 restaurants in 21 states and Guam. For more information on Jack in the Box, including franchising opportunities, visit www.jackinthebox.com.
Safe Harbor Statement
This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements may be identified by words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “forecast,” “goals,” “guidance,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “may,” “will,” “would” and similar expressions. These statements are based on management’s current expectations, estimates, forecasts and projections about our business and the industry in which we operate. These estimates and assumptions involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties, and other factors that are in some cases beyond our control. Factors that may cause our actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: the success of new products, marketing initiatives and restaurant remodels and drive-thru enhancements; the impact of competition, unemployment, trends in consumer spending patterns and commodity costs; the company's ability to reduce G&A and operate efficiently; the company’s ability to achieve and manage its planned growth, which is affected by the availability of a sufficient number of suitable new restaurant sites, the performance of new restaurants, risks relating to expansion into new markets and successful franchisee development; litigation risks; the company's ability to enhance shareholder value; supply chain disruption; food-safety incidents or negative publicity impacting the reputation of the company's brand; the company’s ability to obtain additional financing and increase our debt leverage; and stock market volatility. These and other factors are discussed in the company’s annual report on Form 10-K and its periodic reports on Form 10-Q filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, which are available online at http://investors.jackinthebox.com or in hard copy upon request. The company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as the result of new information or otherwise.
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