AP-Iowa stories for Aug. 25 and Aug. 26. Members using Exchange stories should retain bylines and newspaper credit lines. If you have questions, please contact the desk at 515-243-3281.

For use Saturday, Aug. 25, and thereafter.

EXCHANGE-SIOUX CITY BIKING

SIOUX CITY, Iowa — Sioux City ranks low on various metrics that judge cities' bicycle-friendliness, and leaders say lack of infrastructure has contributed to a low number of people commuting to work by bicycle. But a push for increased connectivity is mounting. Sioux City expects to soon form a committee to investigate transportation improvements that could include the city's first bicycle lanes. By Ian Richardson, Sioux City Journal. SENT IN ADVANCE: 1523 words.

EXCHANGE-JUDO TEACHER

DUBUQUE, Iowa — Terry Smith has been teaching judo for the past 57 years to any who entered his dojo at Loras College. However, after decades of teaching young adults the various throws and takedowns that comprise judo, a 100-plus-year-old Japanese martial art, Smith is calling it quits. A fifth-degree black belt, the 75-year-old Smith has been the head instructor of the Loras Judo Club since it was founded in 1961. Judo focuses on utilizing throws, joint locks, chokes and takedowns to pin an opponent. By John Kruse, Telegraph Herald. SENT IN ADVANCE: 595 words.

For use Sunday, Aug. 26, and thereafter.

EXCHANGE-UNUSUAL FARMER

ACKLEY, Iowa — Brian Wosepka has worked out a method of raising livestock in a microbial balanced environment by keeping his animals on the move to protect the land. Wosepka keeps his animals in an environment that resembles a zoo more than a traditional farm. He says the conventional livestock industry has animals sitting around in their own manure all day, and they require pharmaceuticals and antibiotics. By Thomas Nelson, Waterloo-Cedar Falls Courier. SENT IN ADVANCE: 753 words.

EXCHANGE-MASTER ENGLISH

WEST BURLINGTON, Iowa — Immigrants wanting to spruce up their English vocabulary are able to learn and practice English language skills such as reading, writing and pronunciation at Southeastern Community College in West Burlington. The free, non-credit class also offers help to people wanting to practice interviewing skills or obtain a high school diploma from the U.S. as well as those needing study help for their citizenship test. The program does not require students to provide proof of citizenship or legal status. By Michaele Niehaus, The Hawkeye. SENT IN ADVANCE: 726 words.