NEW YORK (AP) _ Thelma Carpenter, who sang with the big bands of the 1930s and '40s and decades later starred in ``Hello, Dolly!'' and other playes, died at her home Thursday. She was 77.

``I'm a singer first, last and always,'' Ms. Carpenter once said.

She was still in high school when her bubbly singing was heard by John Hammond, who helped start Billie Holiday and Benny Goodman in singing careers. He got Ms. Carpenter singing with Teddy Wilson's band.

She later sang with Count Basie and Coleman Hawkins.

Ms. Carpenter made her Broadway debut in 1944 in ``Memphis Bound'' with Bill Robinson, appeared in ``Ankles Away'' and ``Bubbling Brown Sugar.''

In 1968, she became Pearl Bailey's standby in ``Hello, Dolly!'' and starred as Dolly Levi more than 100 times.

Ms. Carpenter's film work includes ``The Wiz'' and ``The Cotton Club.''

Giuseppe De Santis

ROME (AP) _ Film director Giuseppe De Santis, who pushed for more realism in Italian cinema but was best known for his sensuous images of a dancing actress, has died. He was 80.

Officials at Rome's San Eugenio Hospital said De Santis died Friday after suffering a heart attack.

After collaborating with Luchino Visconti on the script of Visconti's first movie, ``Obsession,'' De Santis went on to direct ``Tragic Hunt,'' ``Under the Olive Tree,'' ``Rome 11 O'Clock'' and other movies.

An anti-Fascist who preached social reform, his themes often revolved around Italy's post-war reconstruction.

But in the public mind he was famous for a scene in his second movie, ``Bitter Rice,'' in 1949 in which actress Silvana Mangano dances in a rice field. The image became an icon of Italian sensuality and was drawn upon in commercials and other movies.

John C. Ewers

ARLINGTON, Va. (AP) _ John C. Ewers, an expert on the culture of American Indians, has died at age 87.

Ewers, who retired as a senior ethnologist at the Smithsonian Institution, died May 7.

Ewers established the Museum of the Plains Indian at Browning, Mont., and was the museum's first curator from 1941 to 1944. He joined the Smithsonian after military service during World War II.

He was credited with preserving Blackfeet history by interviewing tribal elders who talked about life before the tribes were affected by white settlement. His research also led to more studies of the Blackfeet, Crow, Salish-Kootenai and Pend d'Oreille tribes, aiding development of museums in several states.

Milton Feldstein

SAN RAFAEL, Calif. (AP) _ Milton Feldstein, who helped the San Francisco Bay area become the largest region in the nation to achieve the federal ozone standard, died of a heart attack Wednesday. He was 78.

From 1979 to 1996, Feldstein was air pollution control officer of the Bay Area Air Quality Management District.

In 1995, the nine-county Bay Area achieved the federal ozone standard, a goal once thought to be unattainable.

Feldstein joined the district in 1957 as a chemist, two years after its creation. He established the laboratory where he conducted air pollutant analyses that led to the first industrial controls in the Bay Area.

He also developed several pollution control programs that reduced the number of Bay Area unhealthy air days by 90 percent. Feldstein retired in 1996.

Robert H. Krieble

NEW YORK (AP) _ Robert H. Krieble, who invented loctite, a sealant that bonds metal to metal, and was an official with the Heritage Foundation, has died at age 80.

Krieble died May 8. He lived in Old Lyme, Conn.

Krieble founded American Sealants with his father, Vernon K. Krieble, in 1953. The company name changed to Loctite Corp. in 1956 when Krieble developed the bonding material.

Krieble, who was vice chairman of the Heritage Foundation in 1985, had been active with the conservative group since 1978.

Catherine McLeod

SHERMAN OAKS, Calif. (AP) _ Catherine McLeod, who starred in the 1946 romantic drama ``I've Always Loved You,'' died of pneumonia. She was 75.

McLeod died May 11 at Encino-Tarzana Medical Center, said her son, Don Keefer Jr.

In 1963, McLeod popularized a phrase when, in an aspirin commercial, she appeared as a headache-stricken woman who erupted testily: ``Mother, please! I'd rather do it myself!''

Her other movies included ``Courage of Lassie'' (1946) and ``Ride the Wild Surf'' (1964). She appeared on episodes of ``Gunsmoke'' and ``Days of Our Lives.''

Michael J. Murphy

SMITHTOWN, N.Y. (AP) _ Michael J. Murphy, New York City's police commissioner during the race riots of the 1960s and the slaying of Kitty Genovese, died Saturday. He was 83.

Murphy, who was the city's top cop from 1961 to 1965, died of natural causes, said his daughter-in-law Ann Fenichel.

During his tenure, he consistently resisted demands by civil rights groups to establish a civilian review board to investigate police brutality, which boosted his popularity among the troops.

Murphy led the force during racial riots in the city's Harlem and Bedford-Stuvesant neighborhoods, following a police officer's 1964 killing of a black teen-ager.

That same year, Catherine ``Kitty'' Genovese was stabbed to death in Queens. The slaying became a symbol of urban apathy after 38 neighbors heard Genovese's screams but didn't help.

Murphy joined the police force in 1940 and became its youngest sergeant in 1945, at age 32.

After leaving the force in 1965, he became president of the National Automobile Theft Bureau, an organization set up by insurance companies to fight car thefts.