Gramm Ties Front-Runner Dole In Iowa Straw Poll
Aug. 20, 1995
AMES, Iowa (AP) _ In a surprisingly strong showing, Texas Sen. Phil Gramm tied Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole in Iowa's Republican presidential straw poll Saturday night, holding his own against the GOP front-runner in his Midwestern back yard.
Dole and Gramm each got 2,582 votes, or 24 percent of the 10,598 ballots cast at the Iowa Republican Party fund-raising event. Commentator Pat Buchanan ran a distant but solid third with 1,922 votes, or 18 percent. Former Tennessee Gov. Lamar Alexander was fourth with 1,156 votes.
For Gramm, the results were a major boost after weeks of speculation that his campaign was sputtering and that Buchanan was poised to overtake him as the conservative alternative to Dole.
``If we can take on Bob Dole in Iowa, if we can take him on in his own backyard, we can win anywhere in America,'' said Gramm, who returned to the coliseum floor to claim a ``stunning victory.''
Dole's only reaction came in a statement in which he said the event was ``a great fund-raiser, but I doubt it reflects the feelings of most Iowa Republicans. Naturally, I would have preferred to finish first alone. But I am confident of our ultimate victory in the February caucuses.''
The remarkable results capped a carnival like day at the Hilton Coliseum in Ames, as campaigns brought in busloads of supporters from out of state in an effort to prove their early organizational prowess. The results were released an hour behind schedule because of problems with several of the electronic voting machines, a delay that only added to the day's intrigue.
A $25 ticket guaranteed anyone a chance to vote _ regardless of whether they were from Iowa or eligible to vote in its kickoff caucuses six months from now. The event raised $300,000 for the Iowa Republican Party _ and the ire of several candidates who said the loose rules meant the day's trophy would go to the highest bidder, not the candidate with the best message or organization.
``I do not think the Iowa straw poll should be for sale,'' complained Pennsylvania Sen. Arlen Specter, who was booed lustily throughout his evening speech and finished dead last with 67 votes _ less than 1 percent.
California Gov. Pete Wilson, eighth with 129 votes, or 1.22 percent, also was critical, saying the results would be meaningless and ``the real winners are going to be Amtrak and Greyhound.'' Wilson joked whoever won would ``go high on my list for consideration as secretary of transportation.''
But Dole couldn't make such excuses. He brought in out-of-state backers by the busload, and just a few days ago had predicted a victory here. His aides were clearly despondent, but insisted things would be different when the votes actually count.
Scott Reed, Dole's campaign manager, disputed the notion that the vote was a rejection of Dole's message, or that the combined Gramm-Buchanan vote showed deep dissatisfaction with the front-runner among the party's conservative activists.
``All it tells me is they did a good job of getting a lot of people to come to Ames today,'' Reed said. ``This is not going to affect the results of the caucuses in February.''
Gramm begged to differ: ``It tells me we are going to win this election.''
Even rivals who placed well back in the pack said the vote proved Dole a fragile front-runner, vulnerable even in his Midwestern backyard.
``It shows us what we have been finding out in the field _ Dole's support is not solid,'' said Mark Helmke, a top aide to Indiana Sen. Dick Lugar, who finished way back in seventh place with 466 votes, or 4.4 percent.
Buchanan said allowing out-of-staters to vote ``diminishes the importance of this.'' Still, he said ``it's important to the degree that it's the first time we all get to take our cars out on the track and we get to see if someone's got unexpected engine trouble. If so, you got six months to fix it.''
The balloting inside the Hilton Coliseum in Ames capped a festive day outside, as the campaigns served up a day of music, food and pep talks to their supporters. The candidates got into the act, aprons and all.
Gramm even had some help serving pork and beans from actor Charlton Heston. Alexander belted out a few tunes on the piano, while Indiana Sen. Richard Lugar got a colorful welcome from a group of Iowa State University students wearing ``Lugar for President'' togas. Businessman Morry Taylor, a GOP longshot, arrived in a caravan of motor homes and Harley-Davidson motorcycles.
Marveling at the carnival-like atmosphere, Alexander strategist Mike Murphy said of the event: ``It's kind of like a chess championship at the circus _ it's kind of important and kind of silly.''
Many of those on hand to vote were weary hours before they got the chance because of the long trip to get here.
Wally Kazmierczak of Chicago, for example, got up before dawn to board a bus for the six hour ride to Iowa's corn country so he could vote for Gramm. He said there were five buses from Chicago, and more from elsewhere in Illinois.
Arvin Michel made the trip in from suburban Denver to vote for Buchanan, who he described as ``the only true conservative in the field.''
More common were folks like Arvin Boote, a farmer who traveled from Hull in the northwest corner of the state to throw his support behind Alexander.