Monday, January 26
The Associated Press
Jan. 19, 2015
Today is Monday, Jan. 26, the 26th day of 2015. There are 339 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1609 - The Ottoman Empire signs Peace Treaty of Karlowitz with Austria, Russia, Poland and Venice ceding control of most of Transylvania and Hungary. The treaty significantly diminishes Turkish influence in east-central Europe and makes Austria the dominant power there.
1654 - Dutch settlers are expelled from northeastern Brazil, ending a 24-year struggle to wrest the colony from the Portuguese.
1778 - Australia is settled by the British.
1788 - First fleet of ships bringing convicts from Britain arrives in Australia to establish penal colonies.
1802 - Congress passes an act calling for a library to be established within the U.S. capital, paving the way for the Library of Congress.
1841 - Britain formally occupies Hong Kong, which the Chinese had ceded to the British.
1865 - Britain announces no more convicts will be shipped to Australia.
1885 - The Mahdist forces take Khartoum in Sudan after a nine-month siege. They slaughter most of the inhabitants and the garrison, including British Gen. Charles George Gordon.
1930 - Mohandas K. Gandhi, India's independence leader who also was known as "Mahatma" Gandhi, begins a march across India against British occupation.
1931 - Mohandas K. Gandhi is released from prison in India for discussions with government.
1934 - Germany signs 10-year nonaggression pact with Poland.
1942 - First U.S. expeditionary force arrives in Europe in World War II, with troops put ashore in Northern Ireland.
1947 - Sweden's 40-year-old crown prince Gustav Adolf is killed in a plane crash in Denmark, leaving five small children, among them the current King Carl XVI Gustav, without their father.
1950 - India officially proclaims itself a republic as Rajendra Prasad takes the oath of office as president.
1952 - Famed Shepherd's Hotel in Cairo, Egypt, is burned during riots by mobs demanding British withdrawal from the Suez.
1957 - Kashmir Constitution for incorporation with India goes into effect.
1962 - The United States launches Ranger 3 to land scientific instruments on the moon, but the probe misses its target by some 35,500 kilometers (22,000 miles).
1987 - U.S. President Ronald Reagan vows he will make no concessions to Lebanese terrorists, and warns Americans to get out of Lebanon.
1988 - The Andrew Lloyd Webber musical "Phantom of the Opera" opens at Broadway's Majestic Theater in New York.
1990 - Romanian Vice President Dmitru Mazilu resigns to protest increasingly repressive policies of that country's interim government.
1991 - Seven Iraqi warplanes fly to Iran to avoid destruction in Gulf War.
1992 - In Mauritania, police open fire at opposition supporters protesting election of military ruler.
1993 - Vaclav Havel is elected president of the new Czech Republic, one of the successors to the Czechoslovak federation.
1994 - Civilians mob a food convoy and shoot six of its police escorts in a grim demonstration of how hunger and desperation are fueling lawlessness in Bosnia.
1996 - Polish Prime Minister Jozef Oleksy, accused of spying for Moscow for 13 years, resigns.
1997 - Police wielding batons beat back demonstrators as tens of thousands march through Belgrade in a continuing protest against government annulment of local elections.
1998 - U.S. President Bill Clinton says that he "did not have sexual relations with that woman, Ms. Lewinsky." He acknowledges a relationship some months later.
1999 - The first official commemoration of homosexual Holocaust victims takes place at a Memorial Day service at the former Sachsenhausen concentration camp. An estimated 10,000 gays were persecuted during World War II.
2000 - More than a year after a DNA test suggests that Thomas Jefferson may have had a son by his slave Sally Hemings, the Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation — which owns Jefferson's home — acknowledges that he probably was the father of one, if not all six, of her children.
2001 - The most powerful earthquake to strike India in half a century levels parts of western Gujarat state killing more than 2,000 people and injuring more than 3,000.
2003 - A China Airlines jet lands in Shanghai, China, and picks up passengers, becoming the first Taiwanese airliner to do so in mainland China since 1949.
2004 - U.S. intelligence agencies need to explain why their research indicated Iraq possessed banned weapons before the American-led invasion, says the outgoing top U.S. inspector, David Kay, who now believes Saddam Hussein had no such arms.
2005 - Prime Minister Tony Blair's government proposes sweeping new powers to control terrorism suspects, including electronic tagging, curfews and house arrests without trial.
2007 - U.N. officials announce that Iran plans to start assembling thousands of uranium-enriching centrifuges in the next month.
2008 - Gunmen kidnap burqa-clad American aid worker Cyd Mizell and her driver, Abdul Hadi, in a residential neighborhood of Kandahar, the latest in a series of kidnappings of foreigners in the troubled country.
2009 - The European Union removes an Iranian opposition group, the People's Mujahedeen Organization of Iran, from its terror list.
2010 - Thousands of Venezuelan university students protest against President Hugo Chavez again, accusing the socialist leader of forcing an opposition-allied TV channel off cable and satellite as a means of silencing his critics.
2011 - An explosion likely caused by a methane gas buildup rips through an underground coal mine in Colombia during a shift change, killing 21 workers.
2012 - Egypt bans at least 10 Americans and Europeans from leaving the country, hiking tensions with Washington over a campaign by Egypt's military against groups promoting democracy and human rights.
2013 - French and Malian troops regain control of the airport and bridge of the northern city of Gao, marking their biggest advance yet in their bid to oust al-Qaida-linked extremists who have controlled northern Mali for months.
2014 - Thousands of Ukrainians chant "Hero!" and sing the national anthem as a coffin carrying a protester who was killed in clashes with police is carried through the streets of Kiev, underscoring the rising tension s in the country's two-month political crisis.
Ugo Fiscolo, Italian author (1778-1827); Douglas MacArthur, U.S. general (1880-1964); Paul Newman, U.S. actor (1925-2008); Bob Uecker, U.S. baseball player/sports announcer/actor (1935--); David Strathairn, U.S. actor (1949--); Lucinda Williams, U.S. country singer (1953--); Eddie Van Halen, Dutch-born guitarist (1957--); Ellen DeGeneres, U.S. comedian/talk show host (1958--).
Thought For Today:
What we really are matters more than what other people think of us — Jawaharlal Nehru, Indian statesman (1889-1964).