Thursday, June 11
The Associated Press
Jun. 04, 2015
Today is Thursday, June 11, the 162nd day of 2015. There are 203 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1509 - Troops of Florence take Pisa in Italy.
1675 - France and Poland form an alliance.
1685 - Duke of Monmouth's rebellion breaks out in England.
1719 - Scottish rebels, aided by Spanish troops, surrender after being defeated at Glenshiels.
1741 - Austria cedes most of Silesia to Prussia by Treaty of Breslau.
1891 - Portugal assigns Barotseland, now in Zambia, to Britain and Nyasaland becomes a British protectorate.
1898 - Emperor Kuang-Hsu of China begins 100 days of reform in effort to modernize China, but conservative forces soon squelch the attempt.
1903 - The unpopular King Alexander of Serbia and his wife are murdered in a palace coup. Peter Karageorgevic is later elected to replace him.
1963 - Greek Premier Constantine Caramanlis resigns in protest of King Paul's state visit to Britain.
1967 - The U.N. brokers a cease-fire between Israel and the defeated Egypt, Syria, and Jordan, ending the Six-Day War with Israel occupying the Sinai, West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights.
1969 - Soviet and Chinese troops clash on Sinkiang border.
1970 - Palestinian guerrillas and King Hussein's army sign truce in Jordan after week of heavy clashes.
1981 - Earthquake in southeast Iran kills at least 1,500 people.
1992 - U.S. President George H.W. Bush is forced to flee from gunfire and tear gas disrupting his visit to Panama.
1993 - North Korea pulls Asia back from the brink of a possible nuclear arms race by reversing its decision to withdraw from a treaty preventing the spread of nuclear weapons.
1995 - A bomb explodes at an outdoor music festival in Medellin, Colombia, spraying shrapnel that kills at least 28 people and wounds more than 200 others.
1997 - The leaders of the militias ravaging Brazzaville, Congo, call for a cease-fire, but fighting continues unabated.
1999 - Cheering residents of Prokuplje, Kosovo, throw flowers onto several dozen Yugoslav army vehicles heading out of the province as NATO troops mass across the border in Macedonia.
2000 - A former hard-liner who had recently favored democratic reforms is elected as the speaker of Iran's first reformist-dominated parliament in more than 20 years.
2001 - In northern Colombia, thousands turn out to protest a U.S.-backed program to eradicate coca crops by plane. They want the government to manually eradicate the plant used to make cocaine instead of spraying the countryside.
2002 - The loya jirga elects Hamid Karzai, the head of Afghanistan's interim government since December 2001, as leader of the transitional government to serve until elections are held in 2004.
2005 - The world's richest countries agree to write off more than $40 billion of debt owed by the poorest nations.
2009 - The World Health Organization says swine flu is now formally a pandemic, a declaration that speeds vaccine production and spurs government spending to combat the first global flu epidemic in 41 years.
2011 - Somali officials say the al-Qaida mastermind behind the 1998 bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania was killed this week at a security checkpoint in Mogadishu by Somali forces who did not immediately realize he was the most wanted man in East Africa.
2012 - The Vatican says it truly regrets the publication of a letter from a psychotherapist detailing the mental health of the Vatican's recently ousted bank chief as yet another Holy See document leak exposes the unseemly side of the Roman Catholic church's governance.
2014 - Militants push deeper into Iraq's Sunni heartland, swiftly conquering Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikri as soldiers and security forces abandoned their posts.
Ben Jonson, English poet and playwright (1572-1637); John Constable, British artist (1776-1837); Julia Margaret Cameron, British photographer (1815-1879); Millicent G. Fawcett, British suffragette (1847-1929); Richard Strauss, German composer (1864-1949); Kawabata Yasunari, Japanese novelist and Nobel laureate (1899-1972); Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French underwater explorer (1910-1997); Gene Wilder, U.S. actor (1933--); Bruce Robison, U.S. country singer/songwriter (1966--); Shia LaBeouf, U.S. actor (1986--); Hugh Laurie, British actor (1959--).
Thought for today:
Neither in the life of the individual nor in that of mankind is it desirable to know the future — Jakob Burckhardt, Swiss historian (1818-1897).