Defense: Noriega Was 'CIA's Man in Panama'
May. 15, 1991
MIAMI (AP) _ Manuel Noriega was ''the CIA's man in Panama,'' controlling an $11 million agency slush fund and even supplying Washington with information on Mikhail Gorbachev, according to defense documents released Wednesday.
Noriega, backed by the CIA, also sent Exocet missiles to Argentina for use against British ships in the Falklands War and funneled hundreds of thousands of CIA dollars to Contra leaders, his attorneys said.
The statements were included in 107 pages outlining classified information the defense expects to present at the ousted Panamanian leader's drug- smuggling trial. The material was released at the request of news organizations and Noriega's defense attorneys by the Justice Department security office, which is acting as custodian.
The Justice Department deleted key sections of the documents, including details of Noriega's contacts with President Bush.
Also missing were sections from Noriega's meetings with Oliver North and the late CIA Director William Casey, as well as four pages describing his aid to the U.S. Army Intelligence unit in Panama.
Many of the deletions appear to deal directly with Noriega's aid to the U.S.-backed Nicaraguan rebels.
Frank Rubino, Noriega's lead attorney, said the defense intends to raise other issues contained in classified documents. ''This is just the synopsis, not the encyclopedia,'' he said.
CIA spokesman Mark Mansfield said the agency as a matter of policy will not comment on matters under litigation.
The defense says the CIA cultivated Noriega even before he came to power in 1983 because the agency feared his populist boss, the late President Omar Torrijos.
''Noriega became the CIA's man in Panama, an alternative to the man considered a dangerous leftist by American intelligence, Omar Torrijos,'' the defense said.
With Noriega heading Torrijos' intelligence network, the CIA gave him ''contingency funds'' that over the years amounted to $11 million and were not listed on the agency's books, the defense said.
''It was officially justified as support for 'institutional cooperation,' but in fact it was a slush fund turned over to the head of the 'cooperating' agency to do with as he desired,'' said the defense.
The CIA and the U.S. Army have acknowledged direct payments to Noriega of only about $300,000 during his career.
Noriega also passed hundreds of thousands of dollars from the CIA, at Casey's direction, to maverick Contra leader Eden Pastora until he fell out of favor with the United States, the document says.
Much of the document deals with U.S. support for the Contra's ''guns-for- drugs'' flights to Costa Rica, but some sections are censored and none directly involve Noriega.
Other parts say Noriega faithfully reported to the CIA about Torrijos' meetings with Fidel Castro in Cuba and offered information about more distant communist countries.
In January 1985, Noriega met with Hans Juergen Wischnewski, East Germany's parliament president and foreign affairs chief. The meeting included discussion of personnel changes in the Soviet Union, information that Noriega immediately passed on to the CIA.
''This information was instrumental in U.S. support for then little-known Gorbachev and his people,'' the defense said.
More than a page on connections between Noriega, the Contras and Argentina's former military government were deleted.
But one remaining section says that in the Falklands War, despite the official U.S. tilt toward England, the CIA ''was concerned that Argentina's forces ... would be crushed.''
''General Noriega shared their concern and arranged for the purchase of Exocet missiles which the Argentinians later used with great effect,'' the defense said. The Exocets sank several British ships and were Argentina's only effective weapon.
U.S. District Judge William Hoeveler already has granted the defense the right to some documents based on its arguments, and other requests are pending.
Noriega is set for trial July 22 on charges that he accepted $4.6 million in bribes from Colombia's Medellin drug cartel to turn Panama into a way station for U.S.-bound cocaine shipments.