MANILA, Philippines (AP) _ The U.S. Embassy said Sunday that Communist rebels had kidnapped an American Peace Corps volunteer and were holding him on the central island of Negros.

Last week, the United States recalled the 261 Peace Corps volunteers in the Philippines after intelligence reports indicated that Communist rebels might try to kill or kidnap the volunteers.

American authorities had said previously that all the volunteers were accounted for. The volunteers began leaving the Philippines on Friday.

U.S. officials identified the missing man as Timothy Swanson, 26, of Cheyenne, Wyo., who had been in the Philippines since February 1988.

A retired Roman Catholic bishop said Swanson had been friendly with New People's Army guerrillas.

A Peace Corps spokeswoman in Washington, speaking on condition of anonymity, said ''I have absolutely no information'' about the kidnapping.

''I just can't comment,'' she said. ''It's a very new situation.''

Embassy spokesman Stanley Schrager it was believed the volunteer was abducted June 13. He said the embassy had made unsuccessful attempts to contact Swanson when the withdrawal of the Peace Corps volunteers was announced.

Rev. Antonio Fortich, the retired Roman Catholic bishop of Negros, said in a telephone interview that Swanson's Filipino wife told him rebels had taken the volunteer from his home in the village of Patag. She said she was told to say nothing about the matter, he said.

Last week, he said, Swanson's wife received a letter from her husband saying he was all right and asking her to send some items.

President Corazon Aquino's press secretary, Tomas Gomez, said he had no information on the abduction but said it might have been avoided if the United States had consulted Philippine authorities on security.

Schrager said the embassy had dispatched diplomats to the Negros city of Bacolod. Negros, about 300 miles southeast of Manila, is a stronghold of the rebel New Peoples Army, which has waged a 21-year insurgency and seeks to establish a Marxist state.

On May 29, rebels on Negros kidnapped a Japanese aid worker, Fumio Mizuno, and are believed holding him in remote mountains near Bacolod.

Schrager said the embassy was convinced that the kidnappers were Communist rebels, but refused to say what contacts, if any, had been made with the kidnappers.

The U.S. decision to withdraw the Peace Corps volunteers had drawn criticism from Philippines officials, who said the United States was overreacting to the alleged threats.

The U.S. decision to withdraw the Peace Corps volunteers had drawn criticism from Philippines officials, who said the United States was overreacting to the alleged threats.

On Saturday, Gomez, the president's press secretary, said the decision to pull out the volunteers could be an obstacle in forthcoming talks on the future of U.S. bases in the country. The bases' lease expires in September.

Gomez said Sunday that U.S. authorities had not shared information about the reported rebel threat.

''They refused to listen to a security briefing,'' Gomez said. ''Maybe if they did that, we could have prevented it.''

Mrs. Aquino suggested before the kidnapping was dislosed that U.S. officials should have consulted with Philippines officials about the withdrawal of the volunteers.

''Perhaps had they consulted us, we could have readily identified the areas that could be classified as high-risk, low-risk and no risk,'' she told reporters Friday. ''And they could have remained in the no-risk areas.''

Communist rebels are believed to have killed eight Americans since April 1989 but they had made no public threat against the Peace Corps.

When the withdrawal was announced last week, U.S. Ambassador Nicholas Platt said the United States planned to return volunteers as soon as possible.

U.S. officials also said the Peace Corps office in Manila would remain open as a sign that the withdrawal was temporary.