France Had 'Mole' in KGB, Book Claims
The Associated Press
Jan. 08, 1986
PARIS (AP) _ A senior officer of the Soviet secret police gave France complete details of the KGB's spy network that collects Western industrial and scientific secrets, according to a book published this week.
President Francois Mitterrand disclosed the existence of a KGB officer working for France to President Reagan at the July, 1981 summit of the seven industrialized democracies in Ottawa.
The book said Mitterrand's disclosure eased Reagan's suspicions of Mitterrand for including Communists in his first government.
It said information provided by the spy who worked in Moscow and was codenamed "Farewell," led to the expulsion of 101 Soviets from other nations.
Author Thierry Wolton said "Farewell," provided about 4,000 top secret documents to French agents in Moscow in 18 months between spring, 1981, and autumn, 1982, when he suddenly stopped all contacts.
There has been no comment by French officials on the story.
In an extract from the book in the weekly Le Point, Wolton claimed "Farewell's" spying was never discovered by the KGB. But he said the French counterespionage service which "ran" the spy was convinced it had found out what happened to him.
According to the book, Moscow rumors in late 1982 said a senior KGB officer had been condemned to "exemplary punishment" for murdering a police officer came from the office of the head of the KGB's directorate in charge of scientific and industrial espionage.
Wolton said it was never clear why "Farewell" decided to spy for the French and that he never asked for anything but a guarantee of a decent income if he managed to leave the Soviet Union. Wolton said the spy contacted the counterespionage service through a French friend.
Wolton said the man had been stationed in the Soviet Embassy in Paris about 15 years before and that when he rose in rank in the KGB he could no longer get positions abroad.
Wolton speculated "Farewell" had become disenchanted with Communism.
He said "Farewell's" documents were always numbered "1," indicating they came from the office of the head of the KGB's directorate in charge of scientific and industrial espionage.
Many were annotated by Yuri Andropov, the KGB chief and later successor to Leonid Brezhnev as Soviet leader, and one document had manuscript notes by Brezhnev himself, Wolton said.
He said specialists described the documents as having given "the Soviet order of battle on the scientific and technological front," including:
- The complete, detailed list of all the secret organizations involved and relations between them, which no Western service had ever worked out fully.
- The list of all KGB officers throughout the world working for the operating arm of the directorate and their principal recruits in a dozen Western countries including the United States, West Germany and France.