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WASHINGTON (AP) _ Quotes from the U.S. ambassador to Pakistan, Wendy Chamberlin, during an interview Tuesday with the Associated Press.


_On Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf's view of the origin of terrorism:

``He understands that terrorism grows in a fertile field. Where you have unemployment, where you have poverty, where you have lack of education and ignorance, you are going to have populations exploited by political extremists. He wants to root that out in Pakistan and he believes you have to root that out in Afghanistan as well.''


_On the impact of the numerous schools in Pakistan, called madrassas, where Islam is taught to young people:

``Madrassas are schools within the mosque that do provide religious teaching, but don't necessarily provide the kind of education that enable graduates to find jobs or prepare them for a modern economy. Are they schools? Sort of. ... What you do get is a very vulnerable population within these madrassas that can be exploited by extremists. And that's what's happening. So it's a threat.''


_On the political vulnerability of Musharraf:

``If you put together 25 Pakistani intellectuals that are critical of Musharraf _ who is, after all, an unelected official _ and you listen to their criticisms, and then you said, 'OK, who else should be or could be leading Pakistan?' there'd be silence. He has support of his people, he has the support of his intellectuals, of the four major political parties, he has the complete support of a very professional and loyal army, he has the support of the silent majority, who are fed up with the culture of violence that has spread to Pakistan.''


_On Kashmir:

``Musharraf has been quite anxious to resume dialogue with India on Kashmir. He telephoned (Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari) Vajpayee two weeks ago and invited him or his foreign minister to resume talks. He is available and would like to see the Indian prime minister in New York (at the United Nations) to resume the dialogue to resolve issues. Our position, of course, is that the parties themselves must resolve these issues and we're encouraging both sides to reduce the rhetoric and tamp down the violence.''