Saturday, August 23
Today is Saturday, August 23, the 235th day of 2014. There are 130 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1305 - Scottish rebel leader William Wallace is hung, drawn and quartered for treason in London.
1514 - Selim I, Sultan of Turkey, defeats Shah Ismail of Persia at Tchaldiran.
1572 - On the eve of the Feast of St. Bartholomew, 3,000 French Protestants are massacred in Paris on the orders of King Charles IX, precipitating a fifth religious civil war.
1628 - The unpopular Duke of Buckingham, about to embark at Portsmouth, England with reinforcements for the Protestants at La Rochelle, France, is assassinated.
1813 - The French are defeated by German army under Friedrich von Bulow, preventing march on Berlin.
1838 - The first American women’s college, Mount Holyoke, holds its first graduation.
1839 - Hong Kong is taken by British in war with China.
1908 - Abdul Aziz of Morocco is defeated at Marrakesh by Mulai Hafid, the new Sultan.
1914 - Japan declares war on Germany in World War I.
1927 - Italian-born anarchists, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, are executed in Boston for the murders of two men during a 1920 robbery. They were vindicated in 1977 by Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis.
1944 - King Michael I of Romania declares war on Germany, and orders the country’s military pro-Nazi leader Marshal Ion Antonescu arrested.
1954 - Twenty-one people are killed when a KLM airliner, en route to New York, crashes in the North Sea 10 miles (16 kilometers) off the Dutch coast.
1958 - China provokes an international crisis by bombarding the island of Quemoy, held by Taiwan.
1962 - U.S. Telstar satellite relays the first live television program between United States and Europe.
1969 - Archeologists unearth a 3,400-year-old city buried by volcanic ash beneath Thira, capital of Santorini island. Two-story buildings, Minoan painted vases, a medicine cabinet and storage jars are uncovered. The city is named “Prehistoric Pompeii.”
1973 - Four people are taken hostage by a robber in a Stockholm bank in Sweden. During the six-day drama the captor and captives develop a friendship later described as “the Stockholm syndrome”.
1978 - Pro and anti-Iraqi Palestinian guerrilla groups agree to end their violent clashes that broke out in Europe, the Middle East and Asia in late July and early August.
1982 - Lebanon’s parliament elects Christian militia leader Bashir Gemayel president. He is assassinated three weeks later.
1986 - Leaders of nine southern African nations, meeting in Angola, express support for international economic sanctions against South Africa.
1987 - Iraqi warplanes bomb key Iranian petrochemical complex of Bandar Khomeini.
1990 - Soviet Republic of Armenia declares independence, and Estonia begins formal negotiations with Kremlin on separation from Soviet Union.
1991 - Leftist rebels bomb Colombia’s main oil pipeline, forcing the country to suspend pumping of crude petroleum.
1993 - U.N. peacekeepers reach trapped Muslims in Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina for the first time in two months and find 55,000 people on the verge of starvation.
1994 - A wave of refugees fleeing Cuba on inner tubes, planks and plastic foam blocks head for the U.S. naval base in Guantanamo.
1995 - The first group of peacekeepers pull out of the U.N. “safe area” of Gorazde, a withdrawal criticized as leaving the Bosnian enclave vulnerable.
1997 - Iran’s new moderate president, Mohammad Khatami, appoints a female vice president, the first woman to serve in a top government post since Iran’s 1979 Islamic revolution.
2000 - A Gulf Air Airbus A320 crashed into shallow Persian Gulf waters after circling and trying to land in Bahrain, killing all 143 people aboard.
2001 - A Japanese court rules that the central government must pay a total of $375,000 to 15 Koreans who survived an explosion aboard a Japanese ship shortly after World War II.
2002 - Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe unexpectedly dissolves his cabinet and ousts moderates. A move officials say is related to his controversial program to seize land from white farmers and redistribute it to landless blacks.
2003 - John Geoghan, a former Roman Catholic priest whose January 2002 sexual abuse conviction sparked a widespread abuse scandal in the Catholic church, is beaten and strangled to death in prison.
2005 - U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan tours the hunger-stricken desert nation of Niger as a French aid group accuses the world body of responding to the crisis too late and with too little.
2006 - A British pilot breaks a land-speed record for driving with a diesel engine, racing across the Bonneville Salt Flats at more than 325 mph (523 kph).
2007 - Pakistan’s Supreme Court rules that former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif can return to Pakistan from exile.
2008 - Two foreign journalists, Canadian Amanda Lindhout and Australian Nigel Brennan, are kidnapped near Mogadishu, Somalia.
2009 - The outcry over alleged vote fraud in Afghanistan’s election escalates, with President Hamid Karzai’s chief opponent charging that turnout figures were padded.
2010 - A 12-hour hostage drama in the heart of the Philippine capital of Manila ends with the deaths of eight Hong Kong tourists and the ex-policeman who seized their bus to demand his job back.
2011 - A pair of judges puts an end to the sensational sexual assault case against Dominique Strauss-Kahn, setting him free after prosecutors argued the hotel housekeeper accusing the French former head of the International Monetary Fund of sexual assault could not be trusted.
2012 - The U.N. nuclear agency forms a special Iran team, drawing together sleuths in weapons technology, intelligence analysis, radiation and other fields of expertise as it seeks to add muscle to a probe of suspicions that Iran worked secretly on atomic arms.
2013 - The U.S. soldier who massacred 16 Afghan civilians last year in one of the worst atrocities of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars is sentenced to life in prison without parole.
Francois Hotman, French political author (1524-1590); France’s King Louis XVI (1754-1793); Arnold Toynbee, British historian (1852-1883); Gene Kelly, U.S. actor-dancer (1912-1996); Barbara Eden, U.S. actress (1934--); Shelley Long, U.S. actress (1949--); Queen Noor, American-born widow of Jordan’s King Hussein (1951--).
Thought For Today:
Friendship is honey — but don’t eat it all — Moroccan proverb.