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Space Pioneer Raushenbach Dies

March 27, 2001

MOSCOW (AP) _ Boris Raushenbach, a rocket scientist who helped the Soviet space program photograph the dark side of the moon, died Tuesday, Russian news reports said. He was 86.

Raushenbach’s success as a space pioneer came despite Soviet authorities, who became suspicious of Raushenbach’s German heritage during World War II.

During the war, Raushenbach was sent to a labor colony in the Ural Mountain city of Nizhny Tagil, where he worked in a brick factory and struggled against cold and hunger, NTV television reported.

But he continued his scientific work in prison, and after the war worked with Sergei Korolyov _ the father of the Soviet space program, whose career was also interrupted by imprisonment.

Raushenbach worked on the Soviet space program during its heyday in the 1950s and 60s, when the country sent the first satellite and first human into space.

He was featured in a 1966 Soviet television program explaining his role in the Soviet unmanned satellite mission to photograph the dark side of the moon.

Later in life, Raushenbach served as a board of directors for New York financier George Soros’ Cultural Initiative Foundation, which distributed grants to Russian scientists and teachers.

He also wrote articles on the geometry of fine art paintings and on philosophical topics, according to the television report.

Raushenbach was born in 1915 to a Russian family of German descent in Petrograd, then Russia’s imperial capital and now called St. Petersburg.

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