Today in Arizona History
PHOENIX (AP) — Sunday, Dec. 30
On this date in 1853, under the terms of the Gadsden Purchase, the U.S. agreed to pay Mexico $10 million for 45,535 square miles (117,935.65 sq. kilometers) of land below the Gila from the Rio Grande to the Colorado River.
On this date in 1911, the Federal Court sat for the last time in Tombstone. After adjourning there the court was scheduled to reopen in Phoenix under a new judge to be appointed by President William Howard Taft.
On this date in 1916, as a result of a very close, contested election, Republican Thomas E. Campbell and Democrat George W.P. Hunt both took oaths of office as governor of Arizona, after which Hunt refused to vacate the governor’s office and Campbell opened a temporary office in his home.
On this date in 1929, the annual meeting of the Arizona Pioneers’ Historical Society was held in the society’s new quarters in the University of Arizona stadium building.
Monday, Dec. 31
On this date in 1908, Dr. James Douglas was named president of the Phelps Dodge Corp.
On this date in 1914, 300 Arizona saloons reported a rush of business as they prepared to close at midnight in compliance with the new prohibition amendment.
On this date in 1934, the second earthquake in two days shook Arizona with damage reported from Phoenix to Nogales.
Tuesday, Jan. 1
On this date in 1875, four convicted murderers escaped from a jail in Tucson.
On this date in 1877, the 9th Territorial Legislature, the last one to meet in Tucson, convened.
On this date in 1915, giving women the right to vote becomes law in Arizona.
On this date in 1921, a damage suit was brought against the Arizona Eastern Railroad alleging negligence. According to the complaint, 34 ostriches died or were killed in transit.
On this date in 1927, the first seven in a series of 50 earthquake shocks occurred. The shocks lasted three days and caused extensive damage in areas of Arizona, California and Mexico.
Wednesday, Jan. 2
On this date in 1868, the contract was signed for construction of the first Pima County Courthouse.
On this date in 1912, Professor G.E.P. Smith of the Department of Agriculture, University of Arizona, arrived in Douglas to install complete meteorographic equipment on the roof of the Gadsden Hotel.
On this date in 1949, James Stuart Douglas — founder of the city of Douglas, founder and first President of the Banks of Bisbee and Douglas, developer of the Verde Extension mining properties near Jerome and father of Lewis W. Douglas, ambassador to Great Britain — died.
Thursday, Jan. 3
On this date in 1787, mountaineer Bill Williams was born. The city of Williams and the Bill Williams River were named after him.
On this date in 1912, the Bisbee Daily Review announced that more than 6,000 acres (2,428 hectares) of land in the Chino and Lonesome Valleys near Prescott had been homesteaded during the previous 90 days.
On this date in 1924, 117 automobiles became stalled in the mud near Casa Grande. The vehicles had to be towed to the Southern Pacific tracks, where they bumped over the ties 1.5 miles 2.4 kilometers) before reaching a stretch of road they could negotiate.
Friday, Jan. 4
On this date in 1883, The Hualapai Indian Reservation was established in Mohave County by Executive Order.
On this date in 1921, Morris Goldwater was elected mayor of Prescott along with his entire slate of candidates for City Council.
On this date in 1936, the Hadji Ali Monument at Quartzsite, erected on the grave of the Greek camel driver who came to the U.S. in 1857 with the first shipment of camels, was dedicated.
On this date in 1999, Arizona inaugurated five female statewide office holders, including Gov. Jane Hull, making it the first state to have an all-female line of succession.
Saturday, Jan. 5
On this date in 1904, the Arizona Cattle Growers Association was organized in Phoenix.
On this date in 1908, Goldwater’s Department Store in Phoenix added a shoe department.
On this date in 1921, orders were received by Adj. Gen. Walter S. Ingalls from Washington, D.C., to ship all horses used by Calvary troops of the Arizona National Guard to Carlsbad, New Mexico All Calvary troops were to be converted into the 158th Infantry.
On this date in 1936, The Associated Press wire service was established in Phoenix. Two teletypewriters linked Arizona directly for the first time to the worldwide AP network.
On this date in 1964, Gov. Paul Fannin officially opened the University of Arizona’s new solar-powered desalinization plant — the world’s largest in Puerto Penasco, Mexico.