Monday, June 8
Today is Monday, June 8, the 159th day of 2015. There are 206 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
632 - The prophet Muhammad dies in Medina. He leaves no arrangement for his succession, creating a rift in Islam lasting to this day.
1663 - The Portuguese defeat Spaniards at Ameixal, leading to Spanish recognition of Portugal’s independence.
1762 - Russo-Prussian alliance against Austria is concluded.
1867 - Prussia annexes Duchy of Holstein from Denmark.
1869 - The suction vacuum cleaner is patented by Ives McGaffey of Chicago.
1883 - France, by Convention of Marsa with Bey of Tunis, gains effective control of Tunisia.
1915 - Allied forces take Neuville in France from Germans in World War I.
1925 - Britain and France accept in principle Germany’s proposals for security pact to guarantee Franco-German and Belgo-German boundaries.
1941 - British and Free French forces invade Syria, then controlled by Vichy French. The French resist for a month.
1942 - Japanese submarines shell Sydney, Australia, in World War II.
1965 - U.S. troops in Vietnam are authorized to engage in offensive operations.
1973 - Spain’s Generalissimo Francisco Franco relinquishes some of his power by naming Admiral Louis Carrero Blanco as premier.
1976 - Large force of Syrian troops moves into Lebanon, where civil war rages.
1988 - Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze tells United Nations that Moscow would observe a moratorium on nuclear testing if United States also agrees.
1990 - Vaclav Havel is elected president in Czechoslovakia’s first free elections in 44 years.
1992 - Delegates at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, approve new U.N. body to monitor compliance with environmental treaties.
1993 - Rene Bousquet, former head of police in Vichy France, is killed in his Paris apartment by a gunman on the eve of his war crimes trial.
1994 - Two months after the start of the carnage in Rwanda, the U.N. Security Council approves the dispatch of 5,500 peacekeepers with a timid mandate to protect humanitarian aid but not to stop the slaughter.
1997 - The Cobra militia of former President Denis Sassou-Nguesso takes control of the center of Brazzaville, Republic of Congo.
1998 - Nigerian dictator Sani Abacha dies suddenly of a heart attack, opening the way for democracy in the country.
2001 - Japan is shocked when a man stabs and kills eight children and wounds 15 teachers and students at a school in Ikeda.
2004 - France and Germany, the sharpest critics of the Iraq war, back a revised U.N. resolution laying out the powers of Iraq’s new government, an important step toward gaining the approval of the U.N. Security Council.
2005 - Ethiopian police open fire on stone-throwing protesters in the center of the capital, killing 22 people and wounding hundreds as unrest mounts over the ruling party’s claim of victory in recent elections.
2006 - Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the leader of al-Qaida in Iraq who carried out some of the bloodiest suicide attacks in Iraq and led a campaign of kidnappings and hostage beheadings, is killed in a U.S. bombing outside Baqouba, northeast of Baghdad.
2010 - U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton says proposed new U.N. sanctions against Iran’s suspect nuclear program will be the toughest ever adopted.
2011 - Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, increasingly cornered under a stunning upturn in NATO airstrikes, lashes back with renewed shelling of the western city of Misrata, killing 10 rebel fighters.
2013 - President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping end a two-day summit in the California desert with few policy breakthroughs but the prospect of stronger personal ties.
2014 - Egypt’s former military leader is sworn into office as president nearly a year after he ousted the nation’s first freely elected leader.
2014 Today’s Birthdays: Giovanni Cassini, Italian astronomer (1625-1712); Robert Schumann, German composer (1810-1856); Frank Lloyd Wright, U.S. architect (1869-1959); Suharto, second Indonesian president (1921-2008); Joan Rivers, U.S. comedian/talk show host (1933-2014-); James Darren, U.S. actor (1936--); Nancy Sinatra, pop singer (1940--); Sonia Braga, Brazilian actress (1950--); Kanye West, rapper (1977--); Julianna Margulies, U.S. actress (1967--).
Thought For Today:
Love hath no physic for a grief too deep — Robert Nathan, American author and composer (1894-1985).