Wednesday, November 5
Today is Wednesday, November 5, the 309th day of 2014. There are 56 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1605 - English authorities arrest Guy Fawkes, the leader of the “Gunpowder Plot” to blow up Houses of Parliament.
1630 - Treaty of Madrid ends Anglo-Spanish War.
1688 - William of Orange lands in Tor Bay, England, heralding the start of the Glorious Revolution whereby he becomes William III of England.
1817 - Third Mahratta War against British in India begins with attacks on Poona, Nagpur and Indore.
1872 - Suffragist Susan B. Anthony is fined US$100 for attempting to vote in a U.S. presidential election. She never pays the fine.
1895 - George B. Selden of Rochester, New York, receives the first U.S. patent for an automobile.
1914 - France and Britain declare war on Turkey; Britain annexes Cyprus.
1950 - U.S. Gen. Douglas MacArthur reports massing of Chinese in North Korea.
1956 - Britain and France land troops in Egypt during fighting between Egyptian and Israeli forces around the Suez Canal. A cease-fire is declared two days later.
1962 - U.N. General Assembly demands all nuclear tests cease by Jan. 1, 1963.
1967 - An Anglican bishop announces his resignation in protest against South Africa’s apartheid system.
1974 - Ella T. Grasso is elected governor of Connecticut, the first woman to win gubernatorial office in the United States without succeeding her husband.
1978 - Former Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi makes a major political comeback, winning a seat in the lower house of Parliament.
1982 - Itaipu Dam, the world’s largest hydroelectric plant, is inaugurated on the Brazil-Paraguay border.
1985 - The U.N. General Assembly approves a resolution calling on Vietnam to withdraw its forces from Cambodia.
1987 - South Africa releases Govan Mbeki, an African National Congress leader and colleague of Nelson Mandela, after 23 years in prison.
1988 - Algeria’s President Chadli Bendjedid appoints former head of military security to form new government in wake of widespread riots.
1990 - Rabbi Meir Kahane, 58, founder of the militant Jewish Defense League and Israel’s extremist anti-Arab Kach party, is assassinated after giving a talk in a New York City hotel. His alleged killer, an Egyptian-born U.S. citizen, is wounded and captured as he tries to escape.
1991 - Billionaire publisher Robert Maxwell is found dead in waters off Canary Islands where his yacht had been cruising.
1992 - In its first free elections since 1981, Ghana’s leader Jerry J. Rawlings becomes president.
1993 - Talks are held on restoring ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to power in Haiti.
1994 - Former U.S. President Ronald Reagan, 83, discloses he has been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s disease; George Foreman, 45, becomes boxing’s oldest heavyweight champion by knocking out Michael Moorer in the 10th round of their World Boxing Association fight in Las Vegas.
1995 - A draft peace accord presented to the parties in Bosnia excludes Serb leader Radovan Karadzic from power.
1998 - Helmer (Pacho) Herrera Buitrago, a leading member of the Cali drug cartel, is shot dead in a maximum security prison in Colombia.
2000 - Two thousand police officers struggle to control 1,200 neo-Nazi marchers and left-wing counter-protesters in Berlin. Some officers are hurt in scuffles.
2001 - Nicaragua’s President Daniel Ortega Saavedra, who led the country’s Marxist-leaning government from 1979 to 1990, is defeated in election by businessman Enrique Bolanos Geyer.
2003 - Gary Leon Ridgway pleads guilty to 48 murders known collectively as the Green River killings, after the Seattle-area waterway in which the first of the victims was discovered in 1982.
2004 - Abimael Guzman, the founder of Peru’s Maoist Shining Path Insurgency, goes on trial in a civilian court after his life sentence by a secret military court is overturned.
2006 - Saddam Hussein is sentenced to death by an Iraqi court for crimes against humanity, closing a quarter-century-old chapter of violent suppression by the former dictator.
2007 - A Chinese satellite — the Chang’e 1 named after a mythical Chinese goddess who flew to the moon — successfully enters lunar orbit, a month after rival Japan put its own probe into orbit around the moon.
2008 - British beekeepers swarm Parliament and the prime minister’s office, demanding more funds for research after the number of Britain’s honey bees dropped by nearly a third in the past year.
2009 - Saudi Arabia sends fighter jets and artillery rounds across the border into northern Yemen in a military incursion apparently aimed at helping its troubled southern neighbor control an escalating Shiite rebellion.
2010 - A surge of searing gas races down the sides of Mount Merapi, smothering houses, cattle and Indonesian villagers in its path. The death toll after the volcano’s largest eruption in a century soared to 122.
2011 - Residents fearfully leave their homes to bury their dead in northeast Nigeria following a series of coordinated attacks that killed at least 67 people and left a new police headquarters in ruins, government offices burned and symbols of state power destroyed.
2012 — New chaos engulfs Syria’s civil war as Palestinian supporters and opponents of the embattled regime are swept up in tense fighting in Damascus while rival rebel groups clash over control of a Turkish border crossing.
2013 — Toronto Mayor Rob Ford acknowledges for the first time that he smoked crack probably a year ago but refuses to resign as leader of Canada’s largest city.
Philippe de Plessis-Mornay, French author (1549-1623); Will Durant, U.S. historian-philosopher (1885-1981); Roy Rogers, former U.S. cowboy actor (1912-1998); Elke Sommer, German actress (1940--); Art Garfunkel, U.S. pop singer (1941--); Tatum O’Neal, U.S. actress (1963--); Sam Shepard, U.S. actor/playwright (1943--).
Thought for Today:
The most exhausting thing in life ... is being insincere — Anne Morrow Lindbergh, American writer (1906-2001).