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Tuesday, June 16

June 8, 2015

Today is Tuesday, June 16, the 167th day of 2015. There are 198 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

1671 - Rebel Cossack leader Stenka Razin is executed by quartering in Moscow’s Red Square.

1779 - Spain declares war on Britain, and begins a four-year siege of Gibraltar.

1917 - First All-Russian Congress of the Soviets is convened.

1920 - Council of League of Nations holds first public meeting at St. James Palace in London.

1940 - France’s Maginot Line is abandoned to Germans in World War II.

1958 - Imre Nagy, premier of Hungary during the 1956 rebellion, is executed in Budapest.

1960 - U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower cancels visit to Japan after anti-American riots there.

1963 - First woman space traveler, Valentina Tereshkova, is launched into orbit from base in Soviet Union.

1971 - U.S. Senate votes against plan calling for total American troop withdrawal from Vietnam by end of year.

1976 - Bloody rioting erupts in Soweto, South Africa, when black students protest being taught in Afrikaans. About 600 die in months of racial upheaval. The day is now National Youth Day in South Africa.

1991 - Tens of thousands of Filipinos flee the eruption of Mount Pinatubo along ash-clogged roads, while the U.S. begins evacuating all 20,000 dependents of Clark Air Force Base. About 700 people die in the eruption.

1992 - The U.S. and Russia agree to slash their arsenals of long-range nuclear weapons by two-thirds reducing the chance of a “nuclear nightmare.”

1993 - U.N. forces in Somalia launch new aerial attacks against buildings belonging to warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid.

1995 - The world’s seven richest industrial countries endorse the creation of an international bailout fund to rescue countries on the verge of bankruptcy.

1997 - The Irish Republican Army kills two police officers in Northern Ireland. The British government calls off all further contact with Sinn Fein, the I.R.A.’s political arm.

1998 - Afghanistan’s Taliban religious army orders the closing of more than 100 private schools that had been educating girls.

2000 - In a setback for U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan, Lebanon rejects the United Nations’ verification of Israel’s withdrawal, saying Israel still controls some Lebanese territory.

2001 - U.S. President George W. Bush and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin meet for the first time in Slovenia. They agree to cooperate and have regular consultations.

2002 - Pope John Paul II canonizes Franciscan Capuchin friar Padre Pio, granting the Italian monk the name St. Pio of Pietrelcina.

2004 - Russia’s richest man Mikhail Khodorkovsky and his top business partner make a joint appearance at the start of a high-profile trial that will delve into Russia’s murky recent past and set the tone for its future.

2007 - North Korea invites U.N. nuclear inspectors in the first concrete sign of a breakthrough in the stalemate over the communist nation’s disarmament held up by a financial dispute.

2009 — President Barack Obama pledges the U.S. and its allies will aggressively enforce fresh international penalties against nuclear-armed North Korea, calling it a threat to the world..

2010 — Defying U.N. sanctions over its nuclear program, Iran promises to expand its atomic research as its president vows to punish the West and force it to “sit at the negotiating table like a polite child” before agreeing to further talks.

2011 — Osama bin Laden’s longtime second-in-command, Ayman al-Zawahri, takes control of al-Qaida, the group declares, marking the ascendancy of a man driven by hatred of the United States who helped plan the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks.

2014 — The commander of Iran’s elite Quds Force is helping Iraq’s military and Shiite militias gear up to fight the Sunni Islamic State insurgents advancing across the country, a sign of Tehran’s deepening involvement in Iraq.

Today’s Birthdays:

Geronimo, Apache Indian leader (1829-1909); Stan Laurel, U.S. comic actor (1890-1965); Bobby Clark, U.S. vaudevillian/comedian (1886-1960); Jean Peugeot, French car manufacturer (1896-1966); Barbara McClintock, U.S. geneticist and Nobel laureate (1902-1992); Joyce Carol Oates, U.S. author (1938--); Eddie Levert, U.S. singer (1942--); Joan Van Ark, U.S. actress (1943--).

Thought For Today:

We fear something before we hate it. A child who fears noises becomes a man who hates noise — Cyril Connolly, British critic (1903-1974).

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