Tuesday, May 19
Tuesday, May 19
The Associated Press
May. 11, 2015
Today is Tuesday, May 19, the 139th day of 2015. There are 226 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1535 - Jacques Cartier sails from St. Malo on his second voyage to Canada, to explore the St. Lawrence River and discover the future site of Montreal.
1554 - France's King Henry II invades the Netherlands.
1585 - English shipping in Spanish ports is confiscated, serving as declaration of war on England.
1588 - The Spanish Armada sets sail for England; it is soundly defeated by the English fleet the following August.
1649 - England is declared a republic after King Charles I is executed by parliamentarians.
1792 - Russia invades Poland at the behest of Polish conservatives, resulting in the second partition of Poland.
1881 - The American Red Cross is founded by Clara Barton.
1897 - Armistice ends Thirty Days' War, with Greece conceding defeat to newly modernized Turkish army.
1898 - Postcards are first authorized by the U.S. Post Office.
1900 - The Tonga Islands in the South Pacific becomes a British protectorate; the world's longest railroad tunnel, the 19-kilometer (12-mile) long Simplon Tunnel opens, linking Switzerland to Italy through the Alps.
1916 - Britain introduces Daylight Savings Time, originally called "summer time."
1930 - White women are enfranchised in South Africa.
1935 - T.E. Lawrence, also known as "Lawrence of Arabia," dies in England from injuries sustained in a motorcycle crash.
1943 - In an address to the U.S. Congress, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pledges his country's full support in the war against Japan.
1962 - Actress Marilyn Monroe performs a rendition of "Happy Birthday" for U.S. President John F. Kennedy during a fund-raiser at New York's Madison Square Garden.
1964 - The U.S. State Department discloses that 40 hidden microphones had been found in the U.S. Embassy in Moscow.
1967 - The Soviet Union ratifies a treaty with the United States and Britain banning nuclear weapons from outer space.
1973 - The Soviet Union and West Germany sign a 10-year agreement calling for economic, industrial and technical cooperation.
1981 - Five British soldiers are killed in an ambush by the outlawed Irish Republican Army in Newry, Northern Ireland.
1990 - U.S. Secretary of State James A. Baker III says all major obstacles to U.S.-Soviet nuclear arms agreement have been cleared.
1993 - Colombian jetliner crashes near Medellin, killing 132.
1994 - Kamuzu Banda of Malawi, with 30 years at the helm as Africa's longest ruling dictator, concedes defeat to Bakili Muluzi in the country's first multi-party election.
1997 - More than 350 people are killed when a cyclone sweeps coastal Bangladesh.
1998 - Indonesian students storm the Parliament in Jakarta, demanding President Suharto's resignation.
1999 - Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic accepts "principles" of a Kosovo peace plan as NATO jets bomb Belgrade suburbs.
2005 - Egyptian authorities arrest 75 members of the Muslim Brotherhood and extend the detention of four leaders jailed earlier in a government crackdown.
2010 - Top U.S. scientists urge the government to take drastic action to raise the cost of using coal and oil to slow global warming.
2011 - President Barack Obama steps into an explosive Middle East debate, endorsing a key Palestinian demand for the borders of its future state and prodding Israel to accept that it can never have a truly peaceful nation based on "permanent occupation."
2012 - A blind Chinese legal activist is hurriedly taken from a hospital and put on a plane for the United States, closing a nearly monthlong diplomatic tussle that had tested U.S.-China relations.
2014 — A revolt by a renegade general against Islamists who dominate Libya's politics threatens to spiral into an outright battle for power that could fragment the North African country.
Nellie Melba, Australian opera singer (1861-1931); Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of modern Turkey (1881-1938); King Faisal I, first king of independent Iraq (1883-1933); Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese communist leader and president of North Vietnam (1890-1969); Pol Pot, Cambodian communist leader (1925 or 1928-1998); Pete Townshend, British rock singer-composer of The Who (1945--); Grace Jones, Jamaican-born singer-actress (1952--).
Thought For Today:
Forgiveness is the fragrance the violet sheds on the heel that has crushed it — Mark Twain (1835-1910).