Today is Tuesday, May 19, the 139th day of 2015. There are 226 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

1535 - Jacques Cartier sails from St. Malo on his second voyage to Canada, to explore the St. Lawrence River and discover the future site of Montreal.

1554 - France's King Henry II invades the Netherlands.

1585 - English shipping in Spanish ports is confiscated, serving as declaration of war on England.

1588 - The Spanish Armada sets sail for England; it is soundly defeated by the English fleet the following August.

1649 - England is declared a republic after King Charles I is executed by parliamentarians.

1792 - Russia invades Poland at the behest of Polish conservatives, resulting in the second partition of Poland.

1881 - The American Red Cross is founded by Clara Barton.

1897 - Armistice ends Thirty Days' War, with Greece conceding defeat to newly modernized Turkish army.

1898 - Postcards are first authorized by the U.S. Post Office.

1900 - The Tonga Islands in the South Pacific becomes a British protectorate; the world's longest railroad tunnel, the 19-kilometer (12-mile) long Simplon Tunnel opens, linking Switzerland to Italy through the Alps.

1916 - Britain introduces Daylight Savings Time, originally called "summer time."

1930 - White women are enfranchised in South Africa.

1935 - T.E. Lawrence, also known as "Lawrence of Arabia," dies in England from injuries sustained in a motorcycle crash.

1943 - In an address to the U.S. Congress, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill pledges his country's full support in the war against Japan.

1962 - Actress Marilyn Monroe performs a rendition of "Happy Birthday" for U.S. President John F. Kennedy during a fund-raiser at New York's Madison Square Garden.

1964 - The U.S. State Department discloses that 40 hidden microphones had been found in the U.S. Embassy in Moscow.

1967 - The Soviet Union ratifies a treaty with the United States and Britain banning nuclear weapons from outer space.

1973 - The Soviet Union and West Germany sign a 10-year agreement calling for economic, industrial and technical cooperation.

1981 - Five British soldiers are killed in an ambush by the outlawed Irish Republican Army in Newry, Northern Ireland.

1990 - U.S. Secretary of State James A. Baker III says all major obstacles to U.S.-Soviet nuclear arms agreement have been cleared.

1993 - Colombian jetliner crashes near Medellin, killing 132.

1994 - Kamuzu Banda of Malawi, with 30 years at the helm as Africa's longest ruling dictator, concedes defeat to Bakili Muluzi in the country's first multi-party election.

1997 - More than 350 people are killed when a cyclone sweeps coastal Bangladesh.

1998 - Indonesian students storm the Parliament in Jakarta, demanding President Suharto's resignation.

1999 - Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic accepts "principles" of a Kosovo peace plan as NATO jets bomb Belgrade suburbs.

2005 - Egyptian authorities arrest 75 members of the Muslim Brotherhood and extend the detention of four leaders jailed earlier in a government crackdown.

2010 - Top U.S. scientists urge the government to take drastic action to raise the cost of using coal and oil to slow global warming.

2011 - President Barack Obama steps into an explosive Middle East debate, endorsing a key Palestinian demand for the borders of its future state and prodding Israel to accept that it can never have a truly peaceful nation based on "permanent occupation."

2012 - A blind Chinese legal activist is hurriedly taken from a hospital and put on a plane for the United States, closing a nearly monthlong diplomatic tussle that had tested U.S.-China relations.

2014 — A revolt by a renegade general against Islamists who dominate Libya's politics threatens to spiral into an outright battle for power that could fragment the North African country.

Today's Birthdays:

Nellie Melba, Australian opera singer (1861-1931); Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the founder of modern Turkey (1881-1938); King Faisal I, first king of independent Iraq (1883-1933); Ho Chi Minh, Vietnamese communist leader and president of North Vietnam (1890-1969); Pol Pot, Cambodian communist leader (1925 or 1928-1998); Pete Townshend, British rock singer-composer of The Who (1945--); Grace Jones, Jamaican-born singer-actress (1952--).

Thought For Today:

Forgiveness is the fragrance the violet sheds on the heel that has crushed it — Mark Twain (1835-1910).