Monday, July 13
Today is Monday, July 13, the 194th day of 2015. There are 171 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1558 - Flemish army under Duke of Egmont, in service of Spain’s King Philip II and aided by English fleet, defeats French at Gavelines.
1648 - French take Tortosa in Italy.
1787 - The Northwest Ordinance is enacted by U.S. Congress; outlining how the territory north of the Ohio River will be governed and evolve into states.
1793 - A radical leader of the French Revolution, Jean-Paul Marat, is murdered in his bath by patriot Charlotte Corday at the height of his power and influence. A journalist, Marat’s writings helped bring about the Reign of Terror soon after his death.
1822 - Greeks defeat Turks at Thermopylae in Greece.
1854 - Abbas I, viceroy of Egypt under the Ottomans who opposed Western-inspired reforms, is strangled by two of his servants, and succeeded by Mohammed Said.
1863 - Rioting against U.S. Civil War military conscription breaks out in New York City. About 1,000 people are killed in three days of disorder.
1878 - Russo-Turkish War ends, resulting in gradual expansion of Russian power in Ottoman territory.
1911 - Britain and Japan renew their alliance for four years.
1971 - Firing squads in Morocco execute 10 army officers accused of trying to overthrow King Hassan.
1986 - Two Muslims are burned alive by Hindus at main government hospital in India’s Gujarat State on fifth day of Hindu-Muslim riots.
1987 - Two Iranian gunboats attack French container ship in the Gulf off Saudi Arabia, and Iraq says its warplanes make retaliatory raids.
1992 - President George Bush announces that the United States will no longer produce plutonium and highly enriched uranium for weapons.
1993 - Croat militiamen in Mostar embark on a new wave of ethnic cleansing, detaining hundreds of Muslim men and evicting women, children and the elderly from their homes.
1998 - Japanese Prime Minister Ryutaro Hashimoto resigns after his party is humiliated in parliamentary elections.
2001 - Pakistani President Gen. Pervez Musharraf arrives in India for a landmark summit aimed at smoothing stormy relations between these two nuclear rivals.
2004 - The Red Cross says it suspects that the United States is holding terror suspects secretly in locations across the world despite granting the organization access to thousands of detainees in Iraq and elsewhere.
2006 - South Korean businessman Tongsun Park, accused of being an Iraqi agent and trying to influence the United Nations’ oil-for-food program, is found guilty of conspiracy.
2008 - An assault by militants on a U.S. base close to the Pakistan border kills nine American soldiers and wounds 15 in the deadliest attack on U.S. forces in Afghanistan in three years.
2009 - U.S. government budget deficit hits milestone, tops $1 trillion, intensifying fears about higher interest rates and inflation.
2010 - Swiss authorities declare Oscar-winning film director Roman Polanski a free man — no longer confined to house arrest in his Alpine villa and free to return to France, rejecting a U.S. request for his extradition because of a 32-year-old sex conviction.
2011 - Rupert Murdoch’s dream of controlling a British broadcasting behemoth evaporates after he withdraws his bid for BSkyB — the latest, biggest casualty in the hacking scandal sweeping through British politics, media and police.
2013 - Typhoon Soulik kills at least 9 people and affects more than 160 million in East China and Taiwan.
2014 - Joint efforts by U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry and three other Western foreign ministers fail to advance faltering nuclear talks with Iran with a target date for a deal only a week away.
John Dee, English alchemist and mathematician (1527-1608); Gustav Freytag, German novelist (1816-1895); Souphanouvong, Laotian communist leader (1909-1995); Wole Soyinka, Nigerian writer and Nobel laureate (1934--); Harrison Ford, U.S. actor (1942--); Erno Rubik, Hungarian inventor of Rubik’s Cube (1944--); Cheech Marin, actor/comedian (1946--).
Thought For Today:
If I were to wish for anything, I should not wish for wealth and power, but for the passionate sense of the potential, for the eye which, ever young and ardent, sees the possible. Pleasure disappoints, possibility never. — Soren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher (1813-1855).