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Senate under pressure after House votes to end NSA program

May 14, 2015

WASHINGTON (AP) — After the House’s lopsided bipartisan vote to end the National Security Agency’s bulk collection of millions of Americans’ phone records, the Senate is under considerable pressure to pass a similar measure. If it doesn’t, lawmakers risk letting the authority to collect the records expire June 1, along with other important counterterrorism provisions.

The House bill, known as the USA Freedom Act, would replace bulk collection with a system to search the data held by telephone companies on a case-by-case basis. It passed 338-88.

In the 100-member Senate, however, the legislation faces a 60-vote hurdle to begin debate. A similar bill failed to do so last year after passing the House by a wide margin. And the Senate majority leader, Republican Mitch McConnell, has expressed his opposition to the current House bill.

What’s different this year, though, is that if Congress doesn’t act, three provisions will expire. Not just the law authorizing the bulk collection of phone records, but also a measure allowing so-called roving wiretaps, which the FBI uses for criminals who frequently switch cell phones. A third provision makes it easier to obtain a warrant to target a “lone wolf” terror suspect who has no provable links to a terrorist organization.

McConnell has said he will put a bill on the floor to reauthorize all three provisions without changes. Wednesday’s vote suggests the House won’t pass such a bill, several House leaders said. And some senators have vowed to filibuster it.

“The Republican leader is isolated in his desire for a clean extension of illegal spying programs,” Sen. Harry Reid, the top Democrat, said Thursday, making note of a recent appeals court ruling declaring the phone records program unlawful but keeping it in place for now. “We have a chance to take bipartisan action that protects Americans’ civil liberties, it would be irresponsible for us to squander this opportunity.”

McConnell has said he is open to a compromise. If one materializes, and something close to the House bill becomes law, it would represent one of the most significant changes stemming from the unauthorized disclosures of former NSA contractor Edward Snowden.

President Barack Obama supports the House legislation, known as the USA Freedom Act, which is in line with a proposal he made last March.

The issue also has implications for the 2016 presidential contest, with Republican candidates staking out different positions.

The revelation that the NSA had for years been secretly collecting all records of U.S. landline phone calls was among the most controversial disclosures by Edward Snowden, who in 2013 leaked thousands of secret documents to journalists. He lives in exile in Moscow. The program collects the number called, along with the date, time and duration of call, but not the content or people’s names. It stores the information in an NSA database that a small number of analysts query for matches against the phone numbers of known terrorists abroad, hunting for domestic connections to plots.

Officials acknowledge the program has never foiled a terrorist attack, and some within the NSA had proposed abandoning it even before it leaked — on the grounds that its financial and privacy costs outweighed its counterterrorism benefits.

Proponents of keeping the program the way it is argue that the rise of the Islamic State group, and its efforts to inspire Westerners to attack in their own countries, make it more important than ever for the NSA and FBI to have such phone records at their disposal to map potential terrorist cells when new information surfaces. And they say there is no evidence the program has ever been misused.

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Associated Press writer Deb Riechmann contributed to this report.

Follow Ken Dilanian on Twitter at https://twitter.com/kendilanianap

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