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Robert M. Adams

December 18, 1996

SANTA FE, N.M. (AP) _ Robert M. Adams, a literary critic and translator of classic texts, died Monday. He was 81.

Adams was a founding editor of the ``Norton Anthology of English Literature″ and an editor of the Hudson Review. His essays and reviews appeared in The New York Times Book Review, The Wall Street Journal, The New York Review of Books and other publications.

Among the books he authored were ``Ikon: John Milton and the Modern Critics″ in 1955; ``Stendhal: Notes on a Novelist″ in 1959; and ``Surface and Symbol: The Consistency of James Joyce’s `Ulysses‴ in 1962.

His translations, used at colleges nationwide, include Voltaire’s ``Candide,″ Stendhal’s ``Red and the Black,″ and Machiavelli’s ``The Prince.″

Adams, whose original name was Robert Martin Krapp, was born in New York City. He taught at the University of Wisconsin, Rutgers University, Cornell University and the University of California, Los Angeles before moving to Santa Fe.

Irving Caesar

NEW YORK (AP) _ Irving Caesar, who wrote the words to ``Tea for Two,″ ``Swanee,″ and other songs that made musical comedy shine in the 1920s and ’30s, died Tuesday. He was 101.

His collaborators included George Gershwin, Vincent Youmans, Buddy De Sylva, Roger Wolfe Kahn, Oscar Levant, Victor Herbert, Sammy Lerner, Rudolph Friml and Gerald Marks.

Among Caesar’s song lyrics: ``Just a Gigolo,″ ``Crazy Rhythm,″ the Shirley Temple tune ``Animal Crackers in My Soup,″ ``I’m the Singer, You Are the Song,″ ``The Yankee Doodle Blues,″ and ``I Was So Young (You Were So Beautiful).″

Caesar also occasionally composed the music for songs, as with ``If I Forget You.″

Caesar, who was born on July 4, 1895, in New York City, met Gershwin in about 1916, when the genius of popular music was still a teen-ager. Both were struggling Manhattan songwriters.

They wrote ``Swanee″ _ ``Swanee, how I love ya, how I love ya, my dear old Swanee ...″ _ in one evening in 1918. It was used in a movie theater’s stage show in 1919, but attracted little notice until Al Jolson heard Gershwin play it at a party and began performing it on stage. Jolson’s record of ``Swanee″ was a million-seller, as was the sheet music.

Gilbert J. DiNello

ROYAL OAK, Mich. (AP) _ Gilbert J. DiNello, a former state senator, collapsed at a suburban mall Tuesday and was pronounced dead at a nearby hospital, hospital officials said today. He was 61.

DiNello, of Clinton Township, served three terms in the Michigan House of Representatives in the 1970s and four terms in the state Senate. He lost his seat to Democrat Ken DeBeaussaert in 1994.

Ruby Murray

LONDON (AP) _ Ruby Murray, an Irish singer who topped the charts in the 1950s _ including one week in which she had five hits _ died of liver cancer Tuesday. She was 61.

Murray’s success deteriorated during a long battle against alcoholism.

Her first recording, ``Heartbeat,″ sold 200,000 copies, followed by another big hit, ``Softly, Softly.″

In 1955 these two songs and three more _ ``Happy Days and Lonely Nights,″ ``Let Me Go Lover″ and ``If Anyone Finds This I Love You″ _ were all in the British Top 20 in the same week.

In 1959 she was back in the Top 10 with ``Goodbye Jimmy Goodbye,″ and also had her own television show.

``You’re a hell of a great singer and I am your greatest fan,″ Frank Sinatra once told her.

John L. Strubbe

CINCINNATI (AP) _ John L. Strubbe, a retired Kroger Co. executive who helped establish the use of bar code scanning at supermarket checkout counters, died Saturday. He was 75, and had Parkinson’s disease.

He guided the development of the Universal Product Code and scanner, taking the model developed for the railroad industry and adapting it to retail uses.

Strubbe joined Kroger in 1950 as a staff attorney and in 1956 became the company’s general counsel. In 1962, he became senior vice president. He became group vice president in 1977, and retired in 1986 as senior vice president of operations.

Stanko Todorov

SOFIA, Bulgaria (AP) _ Stanko Todorov, a former Communist premier who joined reformers to topple Bulgaria’s dictator in 1989, died Tuesday. He was 76.

Todorov became a member of Bulgaria’s Politburo in 1961, and served as premier under Communist strongman Todor Zhivkov from 1971 to 1981.

In the first post-Communist multiparty elections in 1990, he won a parliament seat but resigned later that year for health reasons and withdrew from politics.

As pressure for change mounted throughout Eastern Europe, Todorov was among the reform-minded top-level Communists who toppled Zhivkov in a Politburo coup in November 1989, opening the way for multiparty elections.

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