Saturday, November 8
Today is Saturday, November 8, the 312th day of 2014. There are 53 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1519 - Spanish conqueror Hernan Cortez reaches Mexico City with his small Spanish force and 1,000 Tlaxcaltec allies. The Aztecs, believing he is an incarnation of the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, receive him with great honor.
1520 - Swedes loyal to Denmark’s King Christian II execute over 80 political opponents in the central square in “the blood bath of Stockholm.”
1793 - The Louvre Museum in Paris opens to the public.
1892 - Former U.S. President Grover Cleveland beats incumbent Benjamin Harrison and becomes the first U.S. president to win nonconsecutive terms in the White House.
1895 - Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen, German physicist, discovers X-rays.
1917 - Vladimir I. Lenin becomes chief commissar in Russia and Leon Trotsky is named premier.
1923 - Adolf Hitler stages unsuccessful coup in Munich, Germany, that comes to be known as the “Beer-Hall Putsch.”
1932 - New York Gov. Franklin Delano Roosevelt is elected U.S. president.
1942 - U.S. and British troops land in French North Africa during World War II.
1950 - First battle between jet planes breaks out as U.S. fighters are attacked by North Korean MiGs near Yalu River in Korean conflict.
1956 - U.N. General Assembly demands that Soviet troops withdraw from Hungary.
1960 - Massachusetts Senator John F. Kennedy defeats Vice President Richard M. Nixon for the U.S. presidency
1966 - Italian city of Florence appeals to the world to help save art treasures damaged by floods; Edward W. Brooke of Massachusetts becomes the first black to be elected to the U.S. Senate by popular vote.
1977 - Israel shells Palestinian guerrilla concentrations in southern Lebanon.
1987 - A bomb planted by the Irish Republican Army kills 11 people and injures 55 at a memorial service for Britain’s war dead in Enniskillen, Northern Ireland.
1988 - Nearly 9,000 foreign tourists are evacuated from Sri Lanka beach resorts after Sinhalese extremists threaten to attack south coast hotels.
1989 - Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega offers to end arms imports to his country in exchange for demobilization of Contra rebels.
1990 - U.S. President George Bush orders 200,000 more U.S. troops to the Gulf; United States readies U.N. resolution that would authorize an attack on Iraq.
1991 - The European Community and Canada impose economic sanctions on Yugoslavia in an attempt to stop the Balkan civil war.
1992 - U.S. Senator Bob Dole calls for an investigation into the action of the Iran-contra special prosecutor’s office in connection with the indictment of former Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger, who was charged with making false statements to Congress.
1993 - Russian President Boris Yeltsin approves a draft constitution that will give him increased powers at the parliament’s expense.
1994 - France arrests 95 people in its biggest sweep against Islamic militants.
1995 - Russia agrees to have peacekeeping troops in Bosnia report to an American division instead of having them directly under NATO command, which the Russians resisted.
1996 - U.N. Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali calls for an international military force to aid and protect a million refugees caught in a civil war in Zaire, but is blocked by the United States in the Security Council.
1997 - Chinese engineers divert the Yangtze River from its natural course, clearing way for the construction of the enormous Three Gorges dam.
1998 - In Bangladesh, 15 former military commanders are sentenced to death for the 1975 assassination of the country’s first prime minister.
1999 - Israel’s national airline graduates its first Arab flight attendant in nearly a decade, several months after it came under attack for discriminating against Arabs.
2000 - Fusako Shigenobu, a Japanese revolutionary responsible for terrorist massacres in Israel and Italy, is arrested in Japan after decades on the run.
2001 - The discovery of eight remains — five skeletons and the partially clad bodies of three young women — in Cuidad Juarez, Mexico, ignites fear that a series of 57 rape-murders did not end in the 1990s.
2002 - A Yemeni-American, Ahmed Hijazihas, is killed by a CIA airstrike in Yemen. He is believed to have links to alleged members of the al-Qaida cell in suburban Buffalo, New York, that was raided by U.S. authorities in September.
2003 - A car bomb detonates in a residential compound in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, killing at least 17 people and wounding more than 120 others. Most of the victims are believed to be Arab Muslims.
2004 - Muslim groups ask the Dutch government to protect Islamic sites after an elementary school is bombed — the latest in escalating tensions following the killing of a filmmaker, allegedly by an Islamic radical.
2005 - France declares a state of emergency after nearly two weeks of rioting, clearing the way for curfews in hopes of ending the country’s worst civil unrest in more than 50 years. Its prime minister acknowledges that racial discrimination has inflamed tempers in the heavily immigrant suburbs.
2006 - In a suicide attack on the Pakistani military, a man with explosives strapped to his body runs up to soldiers and blows himself up, killing at least 42 troops.
2007 - Russia’s Supreme Court refuses to recognize the executed last czar Nicholas II and his family as victims of political repression — a ruling Kremlin critics said was dictated by the government’s reluctance to condemn the bloodiest chapters of the country’s Communist past.
2008 - Indonesia executes three Islamic militants for helping to plan and carry out the 2002 Bali bombings that killed 202 people, many of them foreign tourists.
2009 - Iraq’s parliament ends weeks of debate and passes a long-delayed law paving the way for the planned January election to go forward, sidestepping a crisis that could have delayed the U.S. troop withdrawal.
2010 -— Scientists at the world’s largest atom smasher in Geneva say they have succeeded in recreating conditions shortly after the Big Bang by switching the particles they use for collisions from protons to much heavier lead ions.
2011 - The U.N. nuclear atomic energy agency says for the first time that Iran is suspected of conducting secret experiments whose sole purpose is the development of nuclear arms.
2012 — Iran bans import of 75 luxury products as Western economic sanctions increasingly choke off its commerce and critical oil revenue.
2013 — One of the strongest storms on record slams into the central Philippines, killing at least four people and forcing hundreds of thousands from their homes, but the nation appears to have avoided a major disaster because the rapoidly moving typhoon blew away before wreaking more damage.
Edmund Halley, British astronomer (1656-1742); John Milton, English poet (1608-1674); Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist (1884-1922); Margaret Mitchell, U.S. author (1900-1949); Katharine Hepburn, U.S. actress (1907-2003); Alain Delon, French actor (1932--); Mary Hart, U.S. television host (1950--); Parker Posey, U.S. actress (1968--).
Thought For Today:
Man is born to live, not to prepare for life — Boris Pasternak, Russian author (1890-1960).