100-Year Basketball Chronology Compiled By Paul Montella
Undated (AP) _ The evolution and some key events in the 100 years of basketball:
Dec. 1891 - James Naismith, an instructor at YMCA in Springfield, Mass., invented basketball at the request of Dr. Luther Gulick who wanted a game that could be played indoors during the winter months.
Jan. 15, 1892 - The 13 original rules of basketball were printed in the Springfield YMCA training school newspaper.
Jan. 20, 1892 - The first game took place at the YMCA gymnasium in Springfield. There were two nine-man teams. A soccer ball was used and peach baskets were nailed 10 feet above the floor on the balcony.
1893 - The Brooklyn Central YMCA won the first basketball tournament of record which was held in New York.
1895 - The free-throw line was moved from 20 to 15 feet.
1986 - What is considered to be the first professional game was played in Trenton, N.J. There are some accounts that in 1893 a game was held in the Fox Opera House in Herkimer, N.Y., and both teams shared the leftover change.
1896 - A field goal changed from three to two points, and a free throw from three points to one point.
1897 - The Amateur Athletic Union had its first national men’s basketball championship which was won by the 23rd Street YMCA of New York.
1897 - Backboards were first installed.
March, 1897 - In the first men’s intercollegiate basketball game Yale beat Penn 32-10.
1898 - The National League, the first professional league, consisted of six teams in the vicinity of Philadelphia. The league folded after five years.
1901 - It was ruled a dribbler may not shoot for a field goal and may dribble only once, and then with two hands.
1906 - The peach baskets were replaced by metal rims and the AAU joined with the YMCA.
1908 - The NCAA assumed charge of the rules for college basketball.
1909 - The NCAA ruled that a dribbler was permitted to shoot. The dribble was defined as the ″continuous passage of the ball,″ making the double dribble illegal.
1914 - The bottom of the nets were left open.
1914 - The Original Celtics were formed and later signed to play in the 71st Regiment Armory in Manhattan making these the first individual contracts in basketball history.
1915 - College, YMCA and AAU rules are made the same for the first time.
1921 - It was ruled, a player could re-enter the game once. The backboards were moved two feet from the wall of the court to prevent players from climbing the padded wall to sink baskets.
1922 - The New York Renaissance Five, an all-black team, was formed.
1924 - The first international exhibition tournament was held at the 1924 Olympics in Paris.
1924 - It was ruled the player fouled must shoot his own free throws. Before this rule, one person usually shot all his team’s free throws.
1925 - The American Basketball League was formed. The ABL banned the cages that were started by the Trenton, N.J. team of the National League.
Jan. 7, 1927 - The Harlem Globetrotters, formed by Abe Saperstein, played their first game in Hinckley, Ill.
1931 - The American Basketball League folded, which opened the market for barnstorming teams again.
1932 - The Federation Internationale de Basketball Amateur (FIBA) was formed.
1933 - The 10-second center line was introduced by the NCAA to cut down on stalling.
1936 - The NCAA ruled after a made free throw, the team scored upon shall put the ball in play at the end of the court where the goal had been scored.
1936 - FIBA introduced the 3-second violation with a 6-foot lane under the basket.
1936 - Twenty-two nations competed in the first basketball competition of the Olympics.
Dec. 1936 - Stanford’s Hank Luisetti introduced the one-handed shot to the East coast at New York’s Madison Square Garden. 1937 - The National Basketball League, consisting of 13 teams, was formed.
1937 - The National Association of Intercollegiate Basketball, now known as the NAIA, held its first championship with Central Missouri beating Morningside, Iowa, 35-24.
1938 - The NCAA and NBL eliminated the center jump after every goal was scored.
March 16, 1938 - The National Invitation Tournament, created by promoter Ned Irish, was held at Madison Square Garden in New York. Temple beat Colorado 60-36 in the first major season-ending tournament in college basketball.
March 27, 1939 - The NCAA held its first national championship in Evanston, Ill., with Oregon beating Ohio State 46-33.
Feb. 28, 1940 - The first televised basketball game was broadcasted by WXBS. An estimated 300 households saw Pittsburgh beat Fordham 57-37 in New York.
1940 - The backboards were moved by the NCAA from two to four feet from the end line to permit freer movement under the basket.
1942 - The Chicago Studebakers of the NBL became the first racially integrated team.
1945 - Defensive goaltending was banned and unlimited substitution was introduced by the NCAA.
June 6, 1946 - The Basketball Association of America was formed and structured in the pattern of the National Hockey League. Eleven teams played 60-game schedules and with three from each division making the playoffs. The games was expanded from 40 to 48 minutes to give fans two hours of entertainment for their money.
1947 - Transparent backboards were authorized by the NCAA.
April 22, 1947 - The first BAA championship took place with the Philadelphia Warriors beating the Chicago Stags 83-80.
1949 - The NCAA ruled that coaches were allowed to speak to players during a timeout.
Aug. 3, 1949 - The National Basketball Association was formed by the merger of the National Basketball League and the Basketball Association of America.
April 25, 1950 - Duquesne’s Charles Cooper was selected by Boston in the second round of the collegiate draft making him the first black drafted in the NBA. New York purchased Nat ″Sweetwater″ Clifton from the Globetrotters making him the first black to sign an NBA contract.
March 28, 1950 - CCNY beat Bradley 71-68 for the NCAA basketball title to become the only team to win the NIT and NCAA titles in the same year.
April 23, 1950 - The Minneapolis Lakers won the first NBA championship with a 110-95 victory over Syracuse.
Oct. 31, 1950 - Washington’s Earl Lloyd became the first black to play in the NBA.
Nov. 22, 1950 - The Fort Wayne Pistons edged the Minneapolis Lakers 19-18 in the lowest-scoring game in NBA history.
Feb. 18, 1951 - Manhattan Distric Attorney Frank S. Hogan ordered the arrest of three CCNY basketball players on bribery charges and two professional gamblers and two intermediaries in a game-fixing scandal that would later involve college teams across the country.
1952 - FIBA and the NBA widened the lane under the basket from six feet to 12 feet.
1952 - After 27 nations competed in basketball in the Olympics, it was decided to invite 16 nations after having qualifying tournaments throughout the world.
Feb. 2, 1954 - Bevo Francis of Rio Grande College scored 113 points in a 134-91 victory over Hillsdale to set a record for small colleges.
Feb. 13, 1954 - Furman’s Frank Selvy scored 100 points in a 149-95 victory over Newberry.
April 23, 1954 - The NBA adopted the 24-second shot clock. Danny Biasone, owner of the Syracuse Nationals, came up with the proposal.
1956 - FIBA widened the lane from 12 feet to 19 feet, 8 inches at the baseline under the basket. The NCAA followed in 1957.
1958 - The NCAA banned offensive goaltending as an addition to the original 1945 rule. On uniforms, the use of the single digit numbers one and two and any digit greater than five was banned.
March, 1958 - George Yardley of the Detroit Pistons became the first NBA player to score 2,000 points in a season.
March 17, 1961 - Manhattan District Attorney Frank S. Hogan arrested two professional gamblers, Aaron Wagman and Joseph Hacken, and implicated Hank Gunter and Art Hicks of Seton Hall in a point shaving scandal.
June 5, 1961 - The newly formed American Basketball League adopted the 3- point field goal. The distance was 22 feet, 8 inches.
March 1961 - Wilt Chamberlain of the Philadelphia Warriors became the first NBA player to score 3,000 points in a season.
March 2, 1962 - Wilt Chamberlain scored an NBA-record 100 points to lead Philadelphia to a 169-147 triumph over the New York Knicks in Hershey, Pa.
March, 1962 - Philadelphia’s Wilt Chamberlain became the only player to exceed 4,000 points (4,029) and average over 50 points (50.4) in an NBA season.
March, 1962 - Boston became the first team to win 60 games (60-20) in an NBA season.
April 9, 1962 - In the only ABL championship the Cleveland Pipers beat the Kansas City Steers 106-102. The League folded in the middle of the 1962-63 season.
Nov. 13, 1964 - St. Louis Hawk forward Bob Pettit became the first NBA player to score 20,000 points.
1965 - Philadelphia’s Wilt Chamberlain became the first player to reach the $100,000 salary level.
Feb. 14, 1966 - Philadelphia’s Wilt Chamberlain became the NBA’s all-time scorer passing Bob Pettit.
April 28, 1966 - Boston edged the Los Angeles Lakers 95-93 in the seventh game, giving the Celtics and head coach Red Auerbach their eighth straight NBA titles. Auerbach, who announced his retirement earlier, was replaced by center Bill Russell, the first black head coach of a major U.S. sports team.
1967 - San Francisco’s Rick Barry signed with the Oakland Oaks of ABA, but had to sit out the 1967-68 season to satisfy the option year of his contract with the Warriors.
Oct. 13, 1967 - The first ABA game was played with the Oakland Oaks beating the Anaheim Amigos, 134-129. The game introduced the red, white and blue ball and used the 3-point field goal.
Jan. 20, 1968 - Elvin Hayes led Houston to a 71-69 victory and end UCLA’s 47-game winning streak. A regular-season record 52,693 fans were in attendance at the Houston Astrodome.
1968 - The dunk was made illegal by the NCAA, including the pregame warm- up.
May 4, 1968 - The Pittsburgh Pipers won the first ABA title with a 122-113 win over New Orleans.
July 5, 1968 - The Philadelphia 76ers traded Wilt Chamberlain to the Los Angeles Lakers for Darrell Imhoff, Archie Clark and Jerry Chambers plus an undisclosed amount of cash.
March 7, 1970 - Austin Carr scored an NCAA tournament record 61 points as Notre Dame pounded Ohio 112-82.
March, 1970 - Pete Maravich of LSU finished his collegiate career as the NCAA’s all-time scorer. In his three years, Maravich scored 3,667 points for a 44.2 ppg. average.
Jan. 8, 1972 - NCAA made freshman eligible for varsity sports for the next season.
Jan. 8, 1972 - The Los Angeles Lakers beat the Atlanta Hawks 134-90 for their 33rd consecutive victory, the longest winning streak in major professional sports. The Lakers went on to win a record 69 games.
March 19, 1972 - The Association for Intercollegiate Athletics for Women held its first basketball championship and Immaculata beat West Chester State 52-48.
Sept. 10, 1972 - The United States men’s basketball team lost its first game in Olympic competition as the Soviet Union won 51-50 with the help of a controversial ending.
Jan. 27, 1973 - UCLA set an NCAA record for consecutive victories with its 61st win, an 82-63 triumph over Notre Dame, breaking the record of 60 set by San Francisco in 1956.
March 26, 1973 - Bill Walton scored 44 points as UCLA won its record seventh straight NCAA championship with an 87-66 triumph over Memphis State.
Jan. 19, 1974 - UCLA’s 88-game winning streak was snapped as Notre Dame overcame an 11-point deficit in the final 3 minutes, 32 seconds to win 71-70.
March 31, 1975 - UCLA beat Kentucky 92-85 to capture its 10th NCAA basketball title under head coach John Wooden.
June 16, 1975 - The Milwaukee Bucks traded Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, along with Walt Wesley, to the Los Angeles Lakers for Elmore Smith, Brian Winters, Dave Meyers and Junior Bridgeman.
June 17, 1976 - The 18-team NBA absorbed four of the remaining six ABA teams: New York, Indiana, San Antonio and Denver.
Oct. 20, 1976 - The New York Nets sold Julius Erving to the Philadelphia 76ers for $3 million.
1977 - The dunk was legalized again by the NCAA.
March 26, 1979 - Michigan State, led by Earvin Johnson, beat Indiana State, who were led by Larry Bird, 75-64 for the NCAA title.
June 3, 1980 - The NBA voted to make the three-point goal (23 feet, 9 inches) a permanant fixture of pro basketball.
April 2, 1981 - The NCAA decreased the number of jump balls. The only jump ball would be at the beginning of the game and the start of overtime periods. June 25, 1981 - Magic Johnson signed a 25-year agreement for $25 million with the Los Angeles Lakers, the longest running contract in sports history. Nov. 24, 1981 - A federal jury found former Boston College basketball player Rick Kuhn and four others guilty of conspiring to shave points and fix basketball games in the 1978-79 season.
March 28, 1982 - Louisiana Tech beat Cheyney State 76-62 in the NCAA’s first women’s basketball championship. This tournament replaced the AIAW championship which had been held since 1972.
March 31, 1982 - The NBA and its players reached a four-year agreement which included a revenue-sharing plan, the first of its kind in team sports. Players received 53 percent of revenues starting the 1984-85 seasons in return for minimum and maximum payrolls.
Dec. 24, 1982 - Chaminade, the No. 4 ranked school in the NAIA, shocked the college basketball world by beating Virginia, the top-ranked NCAA school, 77-72 in Honolulu.
Sept. 28, 1983 - The NBA and the Players’ Association established the toughest program in sports to battle drug abuse, providing treament and rehabilitation but also mandating expulsion of repeat offenders and players convicted of using or selling drugs.
Nov. 9, 1983 - NBA commissioner Larry O’Brien resigned after 8 1/2 years and was replaced by David Stern.
Dec. 13, 1983 - Detroit beat Denver 186-184 in triple overtime in the highest scoring game in NBA history.
Jan. 8, 1984 - The NCAA expanded the championship basketball field to 64 teams starting in 1985. The field for the 1984 tournament was 53.
April 5, 1984 - Kareem Abdul-Jabbar became the all-time NBA scorer in the Los Angeles Lakers’ 129-115 victory over the Utah Jazz. Wilt Chamberlain, with 31,419 points, held the record since his retirement in 1973.
Aug. 10, 1984 - The United States men’s basketball team won its last gold medal in the Olympics with a 96-65 victory over Spain.
April 1, 1985 - Villanova shocked Georgetown with a 66-64 victory to win the NCAA title.
April 2, 1985 - The NCAA, after experimenting for three years, adopted the 45-second shot clock to start for the 1985-86 season.
Oct. 7, 1985 - Lynette Woodard, the 5-foot-11 captain of the United States gold medal-winning 1984 Olympic team, was selected to be the first woman ever to play for the Globetrotters.
April 2, 1986 - The NCAA, after experimenting for four years, adopted a three-point field goal at 19-feet, 9-inches beginning with the 1986-87 season.
April 20, 1986 - Michael Jordan scored a playoff record 63 points but the Chicago Bulls lost to the Boston Celtics 135-131 in double overtime.
June 8, 1986 - The Boston Celtics won their 16th NBA title with a 114-97 victory over the Houston Rockets.
June 10, 1986 - Nancy Lieberman became the first woman to play in a regular-season men’s professional game as the United States Basketball League’s Springfield Fame downed Staten Island 122-107.
July 10, 1986 - Cheryl Miller scored 18 points as the U.S. women’s basketball team handed the Soviet Union its first major tournament defeat in 28 years, 83-60, and won a gold medal at the Goodwill Games.
April 22, 1987 - The NBA awarded expansion franchises to Charlotte, N.C. and Miami for 1988 and Minneapolis and Orlando, Fla. in 1989.
April 26, 1988 - The NBA added a third man to the league’s officiating crews for the 1988-89 season.
April 7, 1989 - FIBA voted overwhelmingly, 56-13, to allow professionals in the Olympics and other world competition.
Feb. 7, 1990 - Lisa Leslie of Morningside High School in Inglewood, Calif., scored 101 points in the first half against South Torrance High School. The final score was 102-24 as the coach of South Torrance decided not to bring his team out for the second half.
March 16, 1990 - Philip Hutcheson of David Lipscomb University became the all-time scoring champion of college basketball while playing in the NAIA Tournament. The 6-foot-8 Hutcheson, who has scored in double figures in every college game he played, broke the record of 4,045 set in 1969-72 by Travis Grant of Kentucky State.
June 14, 1990 - Bernadette Locke was named an assistant men’s basketball coach at the University of Kentucky to become the first woman to hold such a post in a major collegiate sports program. Locke’s duties were the same as those of the other assistants.
1990 - The NCAA awarded three free throws when a shooter was fouled during an unsuccessful three-point try.
Jan. 5, 1991 - Kevin Bradshaw of U.S. International scored 72 points to break Pete Maravich’s NCAA Division I single-game scoring record of 69, but Loyola Marymount set an NCAA team scoring record in defeating the Gulls 186-140.
July 15, 1991 - Sandhi Ortiz-DelValle became the first woman to officiate a men’s professional basketball game, working a United States Basketball League game between the New Haven Skyhawks and the Philadelphia Spirit.
Sept. 21, 1991 - USA Basketball announced the ″Dream Team″ for the 1992 Olympics. Charles Barkley, Larry Bird, Patrick Ewing, Magic Johnson, Michael Jordan, Karl Malone, Chris Mullin, Scottie Pippen, David Robinson, and John Stockton were named.
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