Sunday, Aug. 13

On this date in 1816, William Oury, who arrived in Arizona in 1857 as the first agent for the Butterfield Overland Stage Line, was born.

On this date in 1875, the Prescott postmaster disappeared with all the post office funds. He was later captured in Nevada.

On this date in 1889, a tornado hit Fort Lowell.

On this date in 1915, a stock company was organized in Los Angeles to search for the fabled buried treasure of Tumacacori.

Monday, Aug. 14

On this date in 1898, a violent storm swept through Gila Bend, demolishing the school, tearing the drug store off its foundation, wrecking the Southern Pacific roundhouse and overturning freight cars.

On this date in 1904, Tucson police began a series of raids designed to close down the city's opium dens.

On this date in 1913, 10 men were killed at the Coronado Mine near Clifton when two loaded ore cars broke loose and rolled down the steep grade.

Tuesday, Aug. 15

On this date in 1888, three men were lynched at Holbrook during the aftermath of the Pleasant Valley War.

On this date in 1898, a locomotive boiler exploded in Prescot,t destroying the roundhouse and killing two men.

On this date in 1907, the entire Yuma contingent and a part of the Phoenix Guardsmen asked to be mustered out of the Territorial Militia because of the bad food at the annual encampment and because the officers were too harsh.

On this date in 1913, eight buildings were destroyed by fire at Ray, and town residents pulled down several additional buildings to prevent the entire town from burning.

On this date in 1917, the federal government ruled that men holding mining claims did not need to do their assessment work while in the military service.

On this day in 1995, Arizona Department of Public Safety officer Bob Martin was shot during a traffic stop about two miles south of Saguaro Lake. A 19-year-old Globe man was arrested the next day after a standoff in California and charged with killing a convenience store clerk. The Beeline highway has since been renamed after Martin and another law enforcement agent killed in the line of duty.

Wednesday, Aug. 16

On this date in 1879, the stages between Maricopa and Phoenix were held up so frequently that acting Gov. John W. Gasper offered a bounty of $500 for every highwayman caught in the act.

On this date in 1881, Ethel Macia, Tombstone pioneer, was born.

On this date in 1901, lightning struck a tree in Coconino County, killing nearly 200 head of sheep under the tree.

On this date in 1936, the city of Tucson discovered that its new underpass on Stone Avenue became a lake after every heavy rain. The city council named it Lake Elmira after Elmira Doakes, a Safford school student who was the first to swim in it.

On this date in 1936, it was announced that a new patrol boat in the San Francisco harbor was being christened "Jeff D. Milton" in honor of Arizona's veteran law enforcement officer.

Thursday, Aug. 17

On this date in 1898, the Apache National Forest was established as Black Mesa National Forest. Its name was changed to Apache on July 1, 1908.

On this date in 1918, the University of Arizona campus was declared to be a military establishment and prostitution and gambling were outlawed within a 10-mile zone.

Friday, Aug. 18

On this date in 1868, Columbus and Marcy Adeline Gray, the first white settlers in what is now Phoenix, arrived in the Salt River Valley and pitched their tent on a little hill near the river.

On this date in 1921, a plague of rabid dogs in Tucson forced police officers to cruise the city and kill every dog running loose on the streets.

Saturday, Aug. 19

On this date in 1857, the first scheduled mail to go through Arizona arrived in Tucson. It was carried on horseback and left San Antonio, Texas, on July 9, 1857, in the hands of James E. Mason. It didn't arrive in Tucson until this day because it was delayed by an Indian attack east of El Paso, Texas.

On this date in 1875, without firing a shot, Navajos seized the agency at Fort Defiance in protest over the inaction of the commissioner to remove his agent. They also threatened to kill the agent should he return to Fort Defiance from Washington D.C. where he had been when the Navajos took over. The agent, W.F.M. Arny, resigned Aug. 25, 1875.

On this date in 1904, 2 inches of rain fell in one hour in Globe. Six people drowned, 20 business places were destroyed and railroad bridges were washed away.

On this date in 1981, President Ronald Reagan nominates Sandra Day O'Connor to the U.S. Supreme Court.