Profiles of Western Hostages of Lebanese Kidnappers
Undated (AP) _ Here are brief sketches of eight Americans and other non-Lebanese kidnap victims still missing in Lebanon:
- Terry A. Anderson, 39, chief Middle East correspondent for The Associated Press, kidnapped on March 16, 1985. He was born in Lorain, Ohio, reared in Batavia, N.Y., and graduated from Iowa State University. He worked at AP bureaus in Tokyo and Johannesburg before being assigned to Beirut.
- Thomas Sutherland, 55, acting dean of agriculture at the American University of Beirut, abducted June 9, 1985. A Scottish-born American who studied agriculture at Iowa State University, he was on leave from the faculty of Colorado State University and had worked in Beirut for two years. His wife, Jean, also taught at American University.
- Frank Herbert Reed, 54, the American director of the Lebanese International School, kidnapped Sept. 9, 1986, in west Beirut while being driven to a golf course. From Malden, Mass., he had spent nine years in Lebanon and was a convert to Islam. His wife is Syrian.
- Joseph James Cicippio, 56, acting comptroller at the American University in Beirut, kidnapped Sept. 12, 1986, outside his apartment building on the west Beirut campus. His family says he spent most of his life in Norristown, Pa. He moved to Beirut in 1984 and in 1985 converted to Islam and married a Lebanese woman, a U.S. Embassy secretary.
- Edward Austin Tracy, 56, west Beirut resident and self-described writer. Revolutionary Justice Organization claimed on Oct. 21, 1986, to have abducted him. A native of Rutland, Vt., he had traveled and lived around the world most of his adult life and was divorced from a West German woman.
- Robert Polhill, 53, originally of New York City, a Certified Public Accountant and a lecturer in accounting at Beirut University College since February 1986, is kidnapped from campus on Jan. 24, 1987. He holds a bachelor of science degree from New York University, and formerly worked as a CPA in New York City. He is married to a woman of Middle Eastern descent.
- Mithileshwar Singh, 60, a visiting professor of finance at Beirut University College since 1982, is kidnapped from campus Jan. 24, 1987. A native of India and lgal resident alien of the United States, Singh holds bachelor’s and master’s degrees from a university in India as well as degrees from the University of Oregon and Western Colorado University. He formerly taught in India, at Western Colorado University and at the University of Wisconsin. His wife is in Beirut.
- Alann Steen, 47, a communications instructor at Beirut University College, is kidnapped from campus Jan. 24, 1987. A native of Boston, Steen was graduated and completed master’s degree programs at Humboldt State University in Arcata, Calif. His wife, Virginia A. Rose, is a fine arts professor at Beirut University College.
- Jesse Jonathan Turner, 39, a visiting professor of mathematics and computer science at Beirut University College, is kidnapped from campus on Jan. 24, 1987. A native of Boise, Idaho, he holds degrees from Boise State University and the University of Idaho. His wife is of Middle Eastern descent.
- Alec Collett, 63, a New York-based British journalist on assignment for the U.N. Relief and Works Agency, kidnapped March 25, 1985, while traveling south of Beirut. On April 23, 1986, the Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Moslems said it killed Collett in retaliation for British complicity in the April 15 U.S. air attack on Libya. A videotape purporting to show Collett hanged was made public.
- Marcel Carton, 63, the French Embassy vice consul in Beirut, and Marcel Fontaine, 44, an embassy protocol officer, both missing since March 22, 1985. Islamic Jihad said its members kidnapped them.
- Jean-Paul Kauffmann, 43, a French journalist, and Michel Seurat, 38, a French academic researcher, kidnapped May 22, 1985. On March 5, 1986, an Islamic Jihad statement claimed Seurat had been ″executed.″
- Jean-Louis Normandin, 35, lighting engineer from a French television news crew (for network Antenne-2). All four in the crew were kidnapped March 8 in Beirut. The group Revolutionary Justice claimed to be holding them. The other three have been released.
- Roger Auque, a free-lance reporter-photographer for Radio Monte-Carlo and other news organizations who was kidnapped Jan. 13, not long after photographing envoy Terry Waite with other journalists. No one has claimed to be holding him, but he is nonetheless considered among the political captives.
- Italian businessman Alberto Molinari, a long-term Beirut resident, kidnapped Sept. 11, 1985, on the city’s dividing Green Line.
- Do Chae-Sung, 33, second secretary and consul at the South Korean Embassy, kidnapped Jan. 31, 1986, in west Beirut.
- Brian Keenan, 35, an Irish teacher of English at the American University of Beirut, kidnapped April 11, 1986, in Beirut.
- John McCarthy, 29, a British television journalist, kidnapped April 17, 1986, en route to the Beirut airport.
- Bakr Damanhouri, an employee at the Saudi consulate in Beirut in charge of student affairs, is kidnapped Jan. 12, 1987.
- Khaled Deeb, Saudi Arabian, kidnapped Jan. 26, 1987 on the airport road. Moslem-controlled Channel 7 television in west Beirut said an anonymous caller told the station that the Organization of Partisans of Islamic Jihad abducted Deeb, who it said was the son of Ali Deeb, chief of security in the Saudi Arabian capital of Riyadh.
- West German businessman Rudolf Cordes, 53, is kidnapped Jan. 17, 1987 after arriving in west Beirut. He is the Beirut manager of the West German chemical concern Hoechst AG. West German security sources say he is being held by Hezbollah.
- West German engineer Alfred Schmidt is kidnapped from his west Beirut hotel Jan. 20, 1987.
- Two unidentified foreign men are taken from a store in west Beirut Jan. 26.
Islamic Jihad has claimed responsibility for many of the kidnappings, but other groups claiming involvement include the Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Moslems, believed linked to the Abu Nidal Palestinian terrorist organization.
In exchange for their hostages, Islamic Jihad demanded the release of 17 people convicted in Kuwait of the December 1983 terrorist bombings of the U.S. and French embassies. Three of the 17 have been sentenced to death by hanging, and the rest to prison terms ranging from five years to life.
Seven foreigners, including two Americans, have been killed by kidnappers:
- William Buckley, 58, a political officer at the U.S. Embassy in Beirut, kidnapped March 16, 1984, outside his home. Islamic Jihad claimed Oct. 4, 1985 that it killed Buckley, but no body was found. On Jan. 20, 1987, Vice President George Bush became the first U.S. official to confirm Buckley was killed.
Buckley, a bachelor from Medford, Mass., joined the State Department in 1983, after 18 years as a U.S. Army civilian employee. He was assigned to Beirut in September 1983.
- Peter Kilburn, 62, of San Francisco, an American University librarian, disappeared Dec. 3, 1984, and was found shot to death with two British hostages April 17, 1986. A nearby note said Arab Revolutionary Cells killed them in retaliation for April 15 U.S. air attack on Libya.
- Leigh Douglas, 34, a British professor at the American University, disappeared March 28, 1986, in west Beirut. He was found shot dead with Kilburn.
- Philip Padfield, 40, a British language teacher, disappeared at the same time as Douglas. He also was found dead with Kilburn.
- Nicolas Kluiters, a Dutch Roman Catholic priest, disappeared in eastern Lebanon March 14, 1985. His body was found strangled in the area April 1, 1985.
- Denis Hill, a Briton who taught English at the American University, failed to show up for work May 27, 1985, and was found shot to death May 29, 1985.
- Soviet cultural attache Arkady Katkov, 32, abducted Sept. 30, 1985, with three other Soviet diplomats, was found murdered Oct. 2 in a west Beirut suburb. The three other Soviets were freed.