A chronology of those who died in 2014
— Schlomo Lahat, 87, a former Tel Aviv mayor who presided over the city’s transformation into a vibrant and open urban center, in Tel Aviv. He had Alzheimer’s disease.
— Coimer Cottrell, 82, a black hair-care entrepreneur who made millions with a cheap kit that brought the celebrity Jheri curl into average African-American homes, in Plano, Texas. No cause of death was given.
— Jean-Claude Duvalier, 63, who presided over what was largely acknowledged as a corrupt and brutal regime as self-proclaimed “president for life” of Haiti until a popular uprising sent him into a 25-year exile, in Port-au-Prince of a heart attack.
— Paul Revere, 76 the organist and leader of the Raiders rock band who was known as “the madman of rock and roll” for his colonial wardrobe and infectious onstage persona, in Garden Vallley, Idaho. He had cancer.
— Yuri Lyubimov, 97, a Soviet and Russian actor and director who founded Moscow’s famed Taganka Theater that he led for more than four decades, in Moscow of apparent natural causes three days after being hospitalized.
— Jeffrey Holder, 84, an award-winning director, actor, painter, dancer and choreographer who during an eclectic show business career led the ground-breaking show “The Wiz” to Broadway, pitched a soft drink and played a scary villain in a James Bond film, in New York of complications from pneumonia.
— Marian Seldes, 86, an award-winning actress who was a teacher of Kevin Kline and Robin Williams, a muse to playwright Edward Albee and a Guinness Book of Records holder for most consecutive performances, in New York after an extended but unspecified illness.
— Siegfried Lenz, 88, a German author whose works frequently addressed the moral quandaries faced by ordinary people, in Hamburg. No cause of death was given.
— Carolyn Kizer, 89, a prize-winning Pacific Northwest poet whose works reflected her feminism, in Sonoma, California, of the effects of dementia.
— Pavel Landovsky, 78, a Czech actor, anti-communist dissident and a friend to the late president and playwright Vaclav Havel, in Prague of a heart attack.
— Elizabeth Pena, 55, a versatile Cuban-American actress who shifted between dramatic roles in such films as “Lone Star” and comedic parts on television, in Los Angles of apparent natural causes.
— John Spencer Churchill, 88, the 11th Duke of Marlborough and a cousin and godson of British wartime leader Winston Churchill, in Woodstock, England. No cause of death was given.
— Paul Craft, 76, a Nashville songwriter and member of the country Hall of Fame, in Nashville. No cause of death was given, but he had been in deteriorating health for years.
— Tim Hauser, 72, the founder and lead singer of the award-winning vocal group The Manhattan Transfer, in New York of cardiac arrest.
— Oscar de la Renta, 82, a designer who dressed first ladies, socialites and Hollywood stars for more than four decades in Kent, Connecticut. No cause of death was disclosed, but he had spoken in the past of having cancer.
— Rene Burri, 81, a Swiss photographer best known for his black and white portraits of Communist revolutionary Ernesto “Che” Guevara and painter Pablo Picasso, in Zurich of cancer.
— Ben Bradlee, 93, the hard-charging editor who guided The Washington Post’s prize-winning coverage of the Watergate scandal that brought down President Richard Nixon and invigorated its newsroom for more than two decades, in Washington of natural causes.
— Gough Whitlam, 98, a former Australian prime minister whose government was credited with instituting lasting social reforms during a short tenure that ended in a bitter constitutional crisis, in Sydney. No cause of death was given.
— Ghulam Azam, 91, a former Bangladeshi Islamist party leader whose imprisonment on war crime charges triggered violent protests last year, in a Dhaka prison hospital of a heart attack.
— Marcia Strassman, 66, an actress who stared on Broadway, in movies such as “Honey I Shrank the Kids” and on television, in Sherman Oaks, California. She had breast cancer.
— Jack Bruce, the bassist and lead vocalist of the 1960s power trio Cream who helped create a sound that combined American blues with psychedelia to thrill audiences throughout the world, in London of liver disease.
— Michael Sata, 77, a longtime opposition leader who was finally elected president of Zambia in 2011, in London of an unspecified illness.
— Galway Kinnell, a prize-winning poet known for connecting the experiences of daily life with larger forces, in Sheffield, Vermont. He had leukemia.
— Thomas Menino, 71, whose folksy manner and verbal gaffes belied his shrewd political tactics and effective use of technology to modernize Boston and govern as its longest-serving mayor and one of its most beloved, in Boston of cancer.