GrafTech Reports Second Quarter 2018 Results
BROOKLYN HEIGHTS, Ohio--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Aug 3, 2018--GrafTech International Ltd. (NYSE: EAF)(GrafTech or the Company) today announced strong financial results for the quarter ended June 30, 2018, including net income of $201 million, or $0.67 per share, and Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations of $292 million.
“I am pleased to announce another strong quarterly result for GrafTech. We continue to leverage our unique competitive position in a structurally changed industry and to deliver returns to our shareholders,” said David Rintoul, President and CEO of GrafTech. “Graphite electrode demand from steelmakers remains robust and our order book is full. Our substantial vertical integration and ongoing operational improvements allow us to provide long-term contracts and secure, reliable, high-quality supply to our customers.”
Net sales for the quarter ended June 30, 2018 increased to $456 million, compared to $116 million in the second quarter of 2017. The improvement was primarily due to an increase in the weighted average realized price for graphite electrodes, which rose to $9,933 per metric ton (MT) in the second quarter, compared to $2,430 per MT in the prior period. Graphite electrode demand and pricing remains strong due to a combination of growth in electric arc furnace steel manufacturing, long-term reductions in electrode manufacturing capacity, and limited supply of petroleum needle coke, the primary raw material input for graphite electrodes.
Net income increased dramatically to $201 million, or $0.67 per share, in the second quarter of 2018, compared to a loss of $(17) million, or $(0.06) per share, in the second quarter of 2017. Higher graphite electrode revenues were the primary driver of higher net income.
Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations also climbed to $292 million in the second quarter compared to $12 million in the prior year period.
Cash flow from operations increased to $237 million in the quarter up from $2 million in the prior period. This increase was primarily due to higher net income. Capital expenditures in the quarter were $15 million, in line with full-year expectations of between $65 and $70 million.
Our manufacturing plants operated at very high levels during the second quarter of 2018, with production of 45,000 MT, up from 44,000 MT in the prior year period.
Our previously announced debottlenecking initiative is on target to increase our annual production capacity by 21% to 202,000 MT by the end of 2018. We remain optimistic about our ability to procure the needle coke required to restart our St. Marys facility in 2019.
GrafTech has successfully sold approximately two-thirds of its cumulative production through three- to five-year, fixed-volume, fixed-price take or pay contracts. These contracts provide reliability of long-term graphite electrode supply for customers and stability of future operating results for shareholders.
Most of our 2018 production is contracted or committed through long-term contracts and short-term purchase orders. For future years, our strategy is to retain approximately one-third of our production capacity for sales on a shorter term or spot basis.
As of June 30, 2018, GrafTech has cash and equivalents of $166 million and total debt of $2.2 billion. The Company’s target maximum gross leverage ratio is between 2.0 and 2.5 times total debt to adjusted EBITDA (1). Current total debt to annualized adjusted EBITDA is 1.9 times.
In June, we amended our senior secured term loan facility to provide for an additional $750 million in aggregate principal of incremental term loans. We used the proceeds to repay our existing promissory note to our sole pre-IPO stockholder. The net impact of the refinancing was to lower interest expense with no change to corporate debt levels. The term loan maturities and covenants are also unchanged.
The Board has declared a dividend of $0.085 per share, payable on September 28, 2018. The dividend will be payable to stockholders of record as of the close of business on August 31, 2018.
In conjunction with this earnings release, you are invited to listen to our earnings call being held on August 3, 2018 at 10:00 a.m. Eastern Time. The webcast and presentation will be available at www.GrafTech.com, in the Investor Relations section. The earnings call dial-in number is +1 (866) 521-4909 in the U.S. and Canada or +1 (647) 427-2311 for international. A rebroadcast of the webcast will be available following the call until September 3, 2018, at www.GrafTech.com, in the Investor Relations section. GrafTech also makes its complete financial reports that have been filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and other information available at www.GrafTech.com. The information in our website is not part of this release or any report we file or furnish to the SEC. Upon request, GrafTech will provide its stockholders with a hard copy of its complete audited financial statement, free of charge.
GrafTech International Ltd. is a leading manufacturer of high quality graphite electrode products essential to the production of electric arc furnace (or EAF) steel and other ferrous and non-ferrous metals. The Company has a competitive portfolio of low-cost graphite electrode manufacturing facilities, including three of the highest capacity facilities in the world. GrafTech is also the only large scale graphite electrode producer that is substantially vertically integrated into petroleum needle coke, the primary raw material for graphite electrode manufacturing, which is currently in limited supply. This unique position provides competitive advantages in product quality and cost. GrafTech is listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the ticker symbol “EAF”.
Special note regarding forward - looking statements
This news release and related discussions may contain forward - looking statements that reflect our current views with respect to, among other things, future events and financial performance. You can identify these forward - looking statements by the use of forward - looking words such as “will,” “may,” “plan,” “estimate,” “project,” “believe,” “anticipate,” “expect,” “intend,” “should,” “would,” “could,” “target,” “goal,” “continue to,” “positioned to,” “are confident”, “remain optimistic” or the negative version of those words or other comparable words. Any forward - looking statements contained in this news release are based upon our historical performance and on our current plans, estimates and expectations in light of information currently available to us. The inclusion of this forward - looking information should not be regarded as a representation by us that the future plans, estimates or expectations contemplated by us will be achieved. These forward - looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties and assumptions relating to our operations, financial results, financial condition, business, prospects, growth strategy and liquidity. Accordingly, there are or will be important factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those indicated in these statements. We believe that these factors include, but are not limited to: our history of net losses and the possibility that we may not achieve or maintain profitability in the future; the possibility that we may be unable to implement our business strategies, including our initiative to secure and maintain longer-term customer contracts, in an effective manner; the possibility that new tax legislation could adversely affect us or our stockholders; the fact that pricing for graphite electrodes has historically been cyclical and, in the future, the price of graphite electrodes will likely decline from recent record highs; the sensitivity of our business and operating results to economic conditions; our dependence on the global steel industry generally and the EAF steel industry in particular; the possibility that global graphite electrode overcapacity may adversely affect graphite electrode prices; the competitiveness of the graphite electrode industry; our dependence on the supply of petroleum needle coke; our dependence on supplies of raw materials (in addition to petroleum needle coke) and energy; the legal, economic, social and political risks associated with our substantial operations in multiple countries; the possibility that fluctuation of foreign currency exchange rates could materially harm our financial results; the possibility that our results of operations could deteriorate if our manufacturing operations were substantially disrupted for an extended period, including as a result of equipment failure, climate change, natural disasters, public health crises, political crises or other catastrophic events; the possibility that plant capacity expansions may be delayed or may not achieve the expected benefits; our dependence on third parties for certain construction, maintenance, engineering, transportation, warehousing and logistics services; the possibility that we are unable to recruit or retain key management and plant operating personnel or successfully negotiate with the representatives of our employees, including labor unions; the possibility that we may divest or acquire businesses, which could require significant management attention or disrupt our business; the sensitivity of goodwill on our balance sheet to changes in the market; the possibility that we are subject to information technology systems failures, cybersecurity attacks, network disruptions and breaches of data security; our dependence on protecting our intellectual property; the possibility that third parties may claim that our products or processes infringe their intellectual property rights; the possibility that our manufacturing operations are subject to hazards; changes in, or more stringent enforcement of, health, safety and environmental regulations applicable to our manufacturing operations and facilities; the possibility that significant changes in our jurisdictional earnings mix or in the tax laws of those jurisdictions could adversely affect our business; the possibility that our indebtedness could limit our financial and operating activities or that our cash flows may not be sufficient to service our indebtedness; the possibility that restrictive covenants in our financing agreements could restrict or limit our operations; the possibility that our cash flows could be insufficient to service our indebtedness; the fact that borrowings under certain of our existing financing agreements subjects us to interest rate risk; the possibility of a lowering or withdrawal of the ratings assigned to our debt; the possibility that disruptions in the capital and credit markets adversely affect our results of operations, cash flows and financial condition, or those of our customers and suppliers; the possibility that highly concentrated ownership of our common stock may prevent minority stockholders from influencing significant corporate decisions; the fact that certain of our stockholders have the right to engage or invest in the same or similar businesses as us; the fact that certain provisions of our Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and our Amended and Restated By - Laws could hinder, delay or prevent a change of control; the fact that the Court of Chancery of the State of Delaware will be the exclusive forum for substantially all disputes between us and our stockholders; our status as a “controlled company” within the meaning of the NYSE corporate governance standards, which allows us to qualify for exemptions from certain corporate governance requirements; and other risks described in the “Risk Factors” section of our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q.
These factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read in conjunction with the other cautionary statements that are included in our quarterly reports on Form 10-Q. The forward - looking statements made in this press release relate only to events as of the date on which the statements are made. We do not undertake any obligation to publicly update or review any forward - looking statement except as required by law, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.
Non - GAAP financial measures
In addition to providing results that are determined in accordance with GAAP, we have provided certain financial measures that are not in accordance with GAAP. EBITDA from continuing operations and adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations are non-GAAP financial measures. We define EBITDA from continuing operations, a non-GAAP financial measure, as net income or loss plus interest expense, minus interest income, plus income taxes, discontinued operations and depreciation and amortization from continuing operations. We define adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations as EBITDA from continuing operations plus any pension and other post-employment benefit (“OPEB”) plan expenses, impairments, rationalization-related charges, acquisition costs and costs related to the change in control as well as proxy contests costs, initial public offering expenses, non-cash gains or losses from foreign currency remeasurement of non-operating liabilities in our foreign subsidiaries where the functional currency is the U.S. dollar and non-cash fixed asset write-offs. Adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations is the primary metric used by our management and our board of directors to establish budgets and operational goals for managing our business and evaluating our performance.
We monitor adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations as a supplement to our GAAP measures, and believe it is useful to present to investors, because we believe that it facilitates evaluation of our period-to-period operating performance by eliminating items that are not operational in nature, allowing comparison of our recurring core business operating results over multiple periods unaffected by differences in capital structure, capital investment cycles and fixed asset base. In addition, we believe adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations and similar measures are widely used by investors, securities analysts, ratings agencies, and other parties in evaluating companies in our industry as a measure of financial performance and debt-service capabilities. We also monitor, and present to investors, the ratio of total debt to adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations, because we believe it is a useful and widely used way to assess our leverage.
Our use of adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations has limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider it in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for, our working capital needs; adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations does not reflect our cash expenditures for capital equipment or other contractual commitments, including any capital expenditures for future capital expenditure requirements to augment or replace our capital assets; adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations does not reflect the interest expense or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments on our indebtedness; adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations does not reflect tax payments that may represent a reduction in cash available to us; adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations does not reflect expenses relating to our pension and OPEB plans; adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations does not reflect impairment of long-lived assets and goodwill; adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations does not reflect the non-cash gains or losses from foreign currency remeasurement of non-operating liabilities in our foreign subsidiaries where the functional currency is the U.S. dollar; adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations does not reflect initial public offering expenses; adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations does not reflect rationalization-related charges, acquisition costs, costs related to the change in control and proxy contests costs or the non-cash write-off of fixed assets; and other companies, including companies in our industry, may calculate EBITDA from continuing operations and adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations differently, which reduces its usefulness as a comparative measure.
In evaluating EBITDA from continuing operations and adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations, you should be aware that in the future, we will incur expenses similar to the adjustments in the reconciliation presented below. Our presentations of EBITDA from continuing operations and adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations should not be construed as suggesting that our future results will be unaffected by these expenses or any unusual or non-recurring items. When evaluating our performance, you should consider EBITDA from continuing operations and adjusted EBITDA from continuing operations alongside other financial performance measures, including our net income (loss) and other GAAP measures.
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