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Bangladesh Geograph With PM-Bangladesh Bjt

May 28, 1985

Undated (AP) _ Following is a description of Bangladesh:

CAPITAL - Dhaka.

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HISTORY - Moslem invaders conquered the area in the 12th century. British rule extended from the 18th century to 1947, when Pakistan was separated from independent India and the area became East Pakistan. The Awami Leaque won control of the National Assembly in 1971 and declared independence in March of that year. Bangladesh came into being in December 1971 after a civil war in which the pro-independence rebels were aided by Indian forces.

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GEOGRAPHY - Bangladesh is a nation of 55,598 square miles, slightly smaller than Wisconsin, and bordered by Burma and India. It is mostly a low plain cut by the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers and their delta. The land is alluvial and marshy along the coast, with hills only in the extreme southeast and northeast. It has a tropical monsoon climate, among the rainiest in the world.

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PEOPLE - The population is 96,539,000, of whom 98 percent are Bengalis. The official language is Bengali and the other principal language is English. The two main religions are Moslem, 86 percent, and Hindu, 13 percent.

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ECONOMY - Manufacturing industries are cement, jute, fertilizers and petroleum products. Its main agricultural products are jute, which accounts for most of the world’s production, and rice. Fishing is a major industry. Bangladesh also has natural gas and offshore oil resources.

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GOVERNMENT - The form of government is a republic. The president is Hussain Ershad, an army general who took power in a coup Dec. 11, 1983, and the country currently is under martial law.

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