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May 27, 1991

NEW HAVEN, Conn. (AP) _ Cartoonist Garry Trudeau urged Yale University graduates to come out from the shadow of the baby boom generation and ask their own impertinent questions, including the real costs of the Persian Gulf War.

Baby boomers, born in the 1950s and ’60s, rule culture with an iron grip, Trudeau observed.

″My advice to you: make a break for it. Take off. Cut your own swath. Stride out from the longest shadow ever cast by a generation. Ask your own impertinent questions,″ he said.

″The impertinent question is the glory and engine of human inquiry,″ added Trudeau, a 1970 Yale graduate and creator of the Doonesbury comic strip. He spoke at Class Day exercises Saturday preceding today’s commencement.

Trudeau also urged the graduates to think more about the Gulf War.

″Was it the same war for you as it was for the Army engineers who, away from the cameras, bulldozed 100,000 dead conscripts into the pits left by collapsed bunkers?″ he asked.

″This lingering perception of war without sacrifices, one in which highly trained volunteers go in, ‘get the job done,’ and fly out again, is what scares some of your elders to death,″ Trudeau said.

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DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) - International opera star Simon Estes, who came home to Iowa to accept an honorary college degree, says he feels no anger toward his native state for the discrimination he faced there as a child.

″If I wanted to, I could be bitter against Iowa,″ said Estes, who is black. ″But hatred is a negative force and it’s an expression of violence, and violence doesn’t solve anything.″

The 53-year-old bass-baritone, who now lives in Switzerland, received an honorary degree Sunday from Luther College in Decorah.

He recalled that during his early years in Centerville he was not allowed to join the local Boy Scouts troop, couldn’t play at the local golf course and was once ordered out of a restaurant where he had gone to buy an ice cream cone.

His parents helped him overcome the pain of such encounters.

″They’d say, ’You just have to feel sorry for those white people because they’re wrong and you have to love them and you have to pray for them,″ Estes said.

″I often tell my mother, I feel so blessed by God. It frightens me sometimes when I think, ‘How did I make it?’ I could still be stuck in Centerville, Iowa, where most of the black people I knew in Centerville are making $3 or $4 an hour.″

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WILKES-BARRE, Pa. (AP) - Reporter-commentator Daniel Schorr accused television journalists of blurring the line between fantasy and reality in trying to make news more entertaining than life.

″It is a world where a journalist, forced to use the tools and techniques of entertainment, finds reality under constant threat in the ceaseless effort for something more dramatic, more confrontational and more violent than what usually happens in real life,″ he told graduates of Wilkes University on Saturday.

He and his wife, Lisbeth Bamberger Schorr, received honorary degrees from the eastern Pennsylvania university.

Schorr, who once worked as a reporter under Edward R. Murrow at CBS, is a senior news analyst for National Public Radio. He was CNN’s senior Washington correspondent from 1979 to 1985.

″I find myself, in the evening of my life, throwing stones at the glass house I have lived in all these years,″ said Schorr, 74. ″Not because I love journalism less, but because I love it more. But I do not love its blurring of the line between fantasy and reality.″

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PROVIDENCE, R.I. (AP) - Eduard Shevardnadze, who quit as Soviet foreign minister because he said he feared his country was sliding back toward dictatorship, says he sees signs thar democracy will prevail.

Shevardnadze wrapped up a three-week tour of the United States with a speech on Saturday at Brown University. As part of the school’s graduation weekend events, he dedicated its new Thomas J. Watson Jr. Institute for International Studies.

Before his talk, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev’s former adviser told reporters: ″The question (of dictatorship) remains pressing ... but there are some positive trends.″

Among those positive signs, the 63-year-old Shevardnadze said, were the recent statement by nine republics confirming their loyalty to the Soviet Union and the uprising by democracy advocates after the government moved to quash the republics’ bids for independence.

″The democratic movement reacts fast and it makes its presence felt,″ he said.

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