Today is Thursday, June 11, the 162nd day of 2015. There are 203 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

1509 - Troops of Florence take Pisa in Italy.

1675 - France and Poland form an alliance.

1685 - Duke of Monmouth's rebellion breaks out in England.

1719 - Scottish rebels, aided by Spanish troops, surrender after being defeated at Glenshiels.

1741 - Austria cedes most of Silesia to Prussia by Treaty of Breslau.

1891 - Portugal assigns Barotseland, now in Zambia, to Britain and Nyasaland becomes a British protectorate.

1898 - Emperor Kuang-Hsu of China begins 100 days of reform in effort to modernize China, but conservative forces soon squelch the attempt.

1903 - The unpopular King Alexander of Serbia and his wife are murdered in a palace coup. Peter Karageorgevic is later elected to replace him.

1963 - Greek Premier Constantine Caramanlis resigns in protest of King Paul's state visit to Britain.

1967 - The U.N. brokers a cease-fire between Israel and the defeated Egypt, Syria, and Jordan, ending the Six-Day War with Israel occupying the Sinai, West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights.

1969 - Soviet and Chinese troops clash on Sinkiang border.

1970 - Palestinian guerrillas and King Hussein's army sign truce in Jordan after week of heavy clashes.

1981 - Earthquake in southeast Iran kills at least 1,500 people.

1992 - U.S. President George H.W. Bush is forced to flee from gunfire and tear gas disrupting his visit to Panama.

1993 - North Korea pulls Asia back from the brink of a possible nuclear arms race by reversing its decision to withdraw from a treaty preventing the spread of nuclear weapons.

1995 - A bomb explodes at an outdoor music festival in Medellin, Colombia, spraying shrapnel that kills at least 28 people and wounds more than 200 others.

1997 - The leaders of the militias ravaging Brazzaville, Congo, call for a cease-fire, but fighting continues unabated.

1999 - Cheering residents of Prokuplje, Kosovo, throw flowers onto several dozen Yugoslav army vehicles heading out of the province as NATO troops mass across the border in Macedonia.

2000 - A former hard-liner who had recently favored democratic reforms is elected as the speaker of Iran's first reformist-dominated parliament in more than 20 years.

2001 - In northern Colombia, thousands turn out to protest a U.S.-backed program to eradicate coca crops by plane. They want the government to manually eradicate the plant used to make cocaine instead of spraying the countryside.

2002 - The loya jirga elects Hamid Karzai, the head of Afghanistan's interim government since December 2001, as leader of the transitional government to serve until elections are held in 2004.

2005 - The world's richest countries agree to write off more than $40 billion of debt owed by the poorest nations.

2009 - The World Health Organization says swine flu is now formally a pandemic, a declaration that speeds vaccine production and spurs government spending to combat the first global flu epidemic in 41 years.

2011 - Somali officials say the al-Qaida mastermind behind the 1998 bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania was killed this week at a security checkpoint in Mogadishu by Somali forces who did not immediately realize he was the most wanted man in East Africa.

2012 - The Vatican says it truly regrets the publication of a letter from a psychotherapist detailing the mental health of the Vatican's recently ousted bank chief as yet another Holy See document leak exposes the unseemly side of the Roman Catholic church's governance.

2014 - Militants push deeper into Iraq's Sunni heartland, swiftly conquering Saddam Hussein's hometown of Tikri as soldiers and security forces abandoned their posts.

Today's Birthdays:

Ben Jonson, English poet and playwright (1572-1637); John Constable, British artist (1776-1837); Julia Margaret Cameron, British photographer (1815-1879); Millicent G. Fawcett, British suffragette (1847-1929); Richard Strauss, German composer (1864-1949); Kawabata Yasunari, Japanese novelist and Nobel laureate (1899-1972); Jacques-Yves Cousteau, French underwater explorer (1910-1997); Gene Wilder, U.S. actor (1933--); Bruce Robison, U.S. country singer/songwriter (1966--); Shia LaBeouf, U.S. actor (1986--); Hugh Laurie, British actor (1959--).

Thought for today:

Neither in the life of the individual nor in that of mankind is it desirable to know the future — Jakob Burckhardt, Swiss historian (1818-1897).