• Born: March 29th, 1790, Charles City County, VA
• Died: January 18th, 1862, Richmond, VA
• Married to: Letitia Christian Tyler and Julia Gardiner Tyler
• Children: 15
• College: The College of William and Mary
• Other occupations: Layer, US Senator, Congressman
• Party affiliation: Whig
• Vice President: none
• Burial site: Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, VA
John Tyler was the first vice president to be elevated to the office of president by the death of his predecessor. He became this nation’s 10th president when William Henry Harrison died after serving only 31 days of his term.
Harrison, a northern Whig, believed in a loose interpretation of the Constitution, but Taylor was a southerner who was a staunch defender of states’ rights and a strict constructionist.
Tyler had served frequently in the legislature, been twice governor of Virginia, chancellor of William and Mary College, a representative and a senator.
As vice president, Tyler and Henry Clay had tried to dominate “old Tippecanoe.” But suddenly President Harrison was dead, and “Tyler, too” was in the White House.
Clay tried to keep power in his hands and authored a bill to establish a national bank with branches in several states. Tyler vetoed it on “states” rights grounds and put in his own “exchequer system.”
The National Bank Bill was again passed by Congress in amended form and again Tyler vetoed it, upsetting the whole Whig program. The Whigs disowned him and Tyler’s cabinet, except for Daniel Webster, who resigned.
The annexation of the Texas Republic to the United States, and the construction of the first telegraph system by Samuel Morse, were two of the major accomplishments of the Tyler administration.
Neither party considered renominating him and he retired to his estate in Richmond until 1861, when he came to Washington as president of the Peace Convention. He died January 18, 1862, and was buried in Richmond.